Jennifer Lake's Blog

July 25, 2009

Understanding Virus and The Flu

If influenza genetics appears bedazzling to us lay people, looking for understanding is best found in the historic research on “bacteriophage”, or simply called “phage” research. Phages are described as the viruses that infect bacteria, although use of the word “infect” needs qualification. All complex living things are composites of cellular material including bacteria and viruses. The “Origin of Life” theorists claim that human beings are composed of 90% microbes. Evolutionary biologists are recognizing that viruses are essential biologically derived “chemicals” that further the processes of life. Living organisms synthesize their own viruses to perform complementary activity as part of their natural adaptation to the environment. Using the word “phage” instead of the word “virus”, the phages of bacteria “contribute to bacterial homeostasis in nature, keeping bacteria under control”. They “do not leave an ecological footprint — phages are comprised of and disintegrate into amino acids and nucleic acids, and are normal commensals of humans and animals.” Phages and viruses also arise from the very same acids and other available material in the environment. The shifting “transitional” forms are called “polymorphisms”. In the 19th century, Antoine Bechamp and Claude Bernard pioneered the study of polymorphisms and came into conflict with the “monomorphism” of Louis Pasteur from whom we get the basic “Germ Theory”. Pasteur, apparently, received his funding and support from Gustave de Rothschild, building state of the art laboratories in Paris and elsewhere. The commercial interests at the time were focused on the processes of fermentation, or harnessing bacteria for industrial use in food and beverage production.
 
A self-taught bacteriologist named Felix d’Herelle dubbed the “phage” in 1917 with a Greek name, meaning roughly “eater”, and became the most eminent of proponents for phage therapy. He believed they were organisms, as early virologists believed in the living status of virus. –“D’Herelle’s theory that the material is a living virus parasite of bacteria has not been proved. On the contrary, the facts appear to indicate that the material is inanimate, possibly an enzyme” — [ref. below].
Felix d’Herelle traveled the world as a contract bacteriologist to national governments, setting up fermentation operations in Canada, Guatemala, Mexico, Argentina, and France. In 1925 d’Herelle was hired as a ‘health officer’ of the League of Nations to monitor infectious diseases on board ships passing through the Suez Canal (wow, what a job! Suez was the one of the most strategic shipping channels on the globe). He lectured and taught in the United States at Stanford and Yale, and in 1933 he left the US and went to the USSR to found the Bacteriophage Institute in Tbilisi. He appears to have been a dedicated communist throughout his life and did not return to the US, although he maintained his activities including his businesses in France and Russia.
 
D’Herelle’s legacy in the US was organizing “one of the most extensive trials of phage therapy” called the Bacteriophage Inquiry, a project spanning the years 1927 to 1936, involving alot of human experimentation. After him, phage work was taken up by Max Delbruck, Salvador Luria and Alfred Hershey. A “phage group” was formed, involving the institutions primarily of Cold Spring Harbor Lab, California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech) and Vanderbilt University. Summer sessions at Cold Spring Harbor on phage research became a yearly feature of genetic research. It is documented that over 800 scientific papers were published on phage research from its beginnings up through 1956. Influenza researchers avidly used phages to study human, swine and avian influenza viruses. One of the most prominent flu researchers, George K. Hirst, who worked under the auspices of the US Army as well as private institutions, notes that phage-influenza researches were “dropped” after this time. Where did it go? What were they learning? I’ll be back with answers to those questions and more.
 
Biography from wiki on Felix d’Herelle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_d%27H%C3%A9relle
 
This is a learning page on phages
http://academic.evergreen.edu/projects/phage/phagetherapy/phagetherapy.htm
 
quotes used–
http://members.ift.org/NR/rdonlyres/2229BBEE-DED6-44AB-99OC-841A555CD2C/0/0408feat_safety.pdf
Sequel: Understanding Virus and the Flu II and III, collated in the margin page as ‘INFLUENZA special’
http://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/influenza-special/
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4 Comments »

  1. “Pasteur, apparently, received his funding and support from Gustave de Rothschild, building state of the art laboratories in Paris and elsewhere.”

    If this is true, this is a game-changer. It would certainly explain a lot. Were you able to confirm this?

    Great blog, by the way!

    Comment by xyz — May 24, 2011 @ 7:00 pm | Reply

    • Rothschild funding of Pasteur is relatively ‘common knowledge’ now with the internet. I first read about it from Eustace Mullins and Mullins had surprisingly good material as I’ve been learning. It’s imperative to know who the Rothschild intermediaries are to track their largesse. Even more confirmation comes through a type of innuendo and description of Rothschild methods which expands their scope enormously. Then there is also well documented history, for example, Louis F. Rothschild in New York funding the Jewish Hospital for Joint Diseases and Deformities. L.F. Rothschild was the ‘HJD’ lifetime treasurer –this was the polio hospital where young Lewis L. Strauss became president (1917-1925) before his full partnership in Kuhn, Loeb & Co.
      Edmond de Rothschild (Gustave’s brother) used the Pasteur and Rockefeller Institutes as his models for financial support of a Hebrew University– what eventually became the Sieff (Weizmann) Institute: “Weizmann continued to advocate the idea of a medical school up until his first meeting with the baron… On January 3, 1914, dressed in coattails and a top hat, Weizmann met Baron Edmond de Rothschild…[and] Rothschild made it clear that he was only interested in a research institute similar to the Pasteur Institute or the Rockefeller Institute…[Weizmann] began to accept the baron’s idea..[and] wrote ‘I consider the Rothschild proposal simply magnificent.’..By April, [the] only way to build a university, he now insisted, was through a research institute which in time, would evolve into a university…it is clear that the baron’s wishes would have been decisive no matter what he proposed…. Above all, the baron insisted on discretion and in keeping his name out of the news.”
      pages 395-397 of ‘Chaim Weizmann, the Making of a Zionist Leader’ by Jehuda Reinharz
      I haven’t specifically tried to construct a money trail for Rothschild-associated medical establishments, but they do pop up. Some obviously so like the Montefiore hospital complexes, and others less obvious like the Parisian Radium Institute. Following x-rays, radiation, radioceuticals, particle accelerators and atomic weapons-based research always turns up a Rothschild or two, like this entry: “1920- Stimulated by Marie and Claudius Regaud, and generous financial support provided by Baron Henri de Rothschild, the Institut Pasteur and the Radium Institute create the Curie Foundation, a centre for radiotherapy.” http://library.ictp.it/featured-pages/marie-curie/booklet.pdf
      It took me a while to discover that the Rockefeller (RIMR) was modeled on Pasteur and funding was provided in much the same way –seed money, always just enough to get started, to “prove” something, most especially the drive and creativity of the grantees. It would be an interesting project to lay out the growth of the Rothschilds medical philanthropy sometime and see how the funds keep building over time as the generations advance, the intermediaries change and the enterprises consolidate.

      Comment by jenniferlake — May 24, 2011 @ 11:44 pm | Reply

  2. Hi Jennifer,

    Thanks for the information.

    I found a website suggesting that it is Alphonse de Rothschild, Gustave’s brother, who was actually the one who funded Pasteur (although Gustave may have contributed too, I suppose).

    http://www.bornpower.de/rothpari.htm#gustave

    It’s in German. The following sentence is relevant:
    Zahlreiche Stiftungen und Schenkungen: u.a. an das Institut Pasteur: Numerous foundations and donations: e.g. at the Institut Pasteur

    Comment by xyz — September 7, 2011 @ 10:53 am | Reply

    • Thanks xyz — I’m limited to English but also came across Alphonse as a funder of Marie Curie. “Curie” and “Pasteur” were separate laboratories (for physics and biology) in the Paris Institute of Radium.

      _______
      “…Russian oil was a project of the Paris Rothschilds. That meant, in particular, of Baron Alphonse—who had organized France’s reparations after its defeat by Prussia in 1871, was considered one of the best-informed men in all of Europe, and was said to own the best pair of moustaches on the Continent—and of his younger brother, Baron Edmond, who sponsored Jewish settlement in Palestine.” http://was-stalin-a-rothschild.blogspot.com/2011/09/was-stalin-rothschild-part-2.html
      Alphonse, Gustave, Edmond and (I think)Salomon were the French Rothschild brothers, sons of Jacob Meyer Rothschild called “James”. The brothers’ control of Baku oil in Azerbaijan is noted on my Rockefeller page http://www.polioforever.wordpress.com/rockefeller-institute/ Alphonse died in 1905 and the baton passed to his son Eduoard (Eduoard Alphonse James de Rothschild) who took the leadership in banking– it must have been Eduoard who saw to the continuing endowments of the Pasteur laboratories and Radium Institute, whether or not “Henri” performed the public service. Eduoard’s son, Guy (2007 obit. below), continued in banking and endowments. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/14/business/worldbusiness/14rothschild.html
      So I sense in this family a strict protocol of hierarchy within each branch with a defined family leader, so Alphonse as the leader of the French Rothschilds in his generation would ultimately get the credit, extended to his son as the next generation’s leader –this seems to explain somewhat the different versions. I don’t know if the other branches worked this way.

      Comment by jenniferlake — September 7, 2011 @ 1:02 pm | Reply


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