Jennifer Lake's Blog

June 2, 2010

Particle Accelerator 101

In the previous article, I posted an introduction to the strange tale of “Dr. Mary’s Monkey”, a work authored by Ed Haslam who is gaining renown as a JFK assassination researcher. Before crossing paths with Mr. Haslam’s research,
I’d never delved into the JFK murder details, except to maintain a ‘common sense’-based openness regarding the conspiracy. Haslam’s premise is generally acceptable to me, although I’ve been disconcertingly caught up in his presentation of monkey viruses, contaminated polio vaccines, weapons-grade particle accelerators, and a determined effort to skip the fundamentals and insist that AIDS is the whirlwind reaped by a medical Manhattan Project governed by Kennedy’s assassins. 
    Among the questionable suppositions, Mr. Haslam makes a marriage between a secret “cancer” bioweapon, developed for the purpose of targeting Fidel Castro, and a very large “particle accelerator” which he claims was used to mutate cancer viruses at a Public Health hospital in New Orleans. By Haslam’s description, the Louisiana accelerator may have been as large as anything existing at the time in the DoD’s national laboratories. [link has a photo of an equivalent-size accelerator, capable of generating up to a 10 MeV electron beam, used for industrial transmutation of materials]
 This poses some immediate concerns about how or why a nuclear device of this magnitude would be used (or needed) in a medical/biological context. Direct biological applications, such as cell mutation are very “low energy”. In fact, table-top x-ray machines have been available and useful for biological research since they were introduced. Common x-ray equipment mutates cells quite well, thankyou very much.
   The story of the mysterious death of Dr. Mary Sherman and her missing arm appears to be subject to added embroidery: as suggested by Mr. Haslam in the audio/video links (previous), Dr. Mary may have been electrocuted or her arm may have been zapped off with a particle beam, but neither killed her. Whatever the circumstances of her death –which came first, the stab wound to her heart or the electrocution?– the cancer conspiracy needs to be looked at separately from the particle accelerator. There can hardly be a more delicate period in the history of nuclear weapons than the early 1960s. The future of the entire program was in jeopardy under JFK’s ‘watch’.
   Medical uses for nuclear technology have been the sole propagandist cause of early proliferation. Fathers of the Bomb, such as Leo Szilard, were supported in hospital laboratories [London, 1933]. Ernest O. Lawrence funded his Berkeley cyclotron work by making commercial radiopharmaceuticals, until the time came when atom bomb cores were needed and the cyclotrons were drafted to make the first plutonium. Is it possible that the New Orleans particle accelerator was an alternate nuclear facility, under the radar of international accountability in the event of limited or total weapons bans? And should we be alarmed that Louisiana’s  “International Trade Mart” associates and political extremists, who had peripheral (or central!) roles in JFK’s murder,  potentially had access to the operators and inner workings of the accelerator?  These are beginner questions in another puzzle presented by Ed Haslam. Sometimes, the storyteller is as interesting and enigmatic as the story he tells….
As Dr. James Fetzer knows it, “anyone who’s trying to fake it is going to give as few details as possible”, and in this case, details on the New Orleans facility appear lacking, except that it was a linear accelerator as Mr. Haslam relates, a point that may be essentially meaningless in this story because of  its many weapons research applications, but distinguishing it as a type used in medicine. What does Jim Fetzer think of Ed Haslam’s work? “Ed Haslam’s entire life prepared him for the study of this case; his father was on the medical faculty at Tulane; he knew Mary Sherman –he sat on her lap as a child; he’s been studying this his entire life. That anyone should denigrate his research is an atrocity because no one’s as comparable to or as good as Ed Haslam’s“. (comment is the last minutes of Judyth Vary Baker interview, “Living in Exile”, part II). So while listeners are encouraged by Fetzer to open their minds to Mr. Haslam’s work, it sure sounds like an iron-clad endorsement to snap down again, and as Mrs. Baker says about her own detractors, their “book[s] become more important than the truth”. Disturbing, isn’t it, that a career educator would choose the words of an intellectual bully to promote the uncritical acceptance of a researcher short on evidence? JFK assassination theorists might be partying in the streets over ‘Dr. Mary’s Monkey’, but since it’s updated re-release three years ago, hair-of-the-dog is unlikely to cure the hangover.
I have no issue at this time with the quality of the JFK-specific material and there is no doubt in my mind that simian “cancer” viruses were in the original polio vaccines and that HIV, in a fashion, is an extension of this horrible continuum. But there again is a large and separate subject with legions of expert opponents who document the flaws in the basic paradigm of Germ Theory. Mr. Haslam has done nothing to endanger the central dogma. In fact, I believe he’s furthering the “secret government”, Establishment cause. Since 9-11, that cause appears to me to be the destruction of the United States.   
 The wonder I’m experiencing in this vital ‘JFK’ link to the polio story is based on the facts of Ed Haslam himself who has researched and “lived” with the JFK assassination mystery for most of his life. His recent audio/video interviews are nearly verbatim renditions of the ‘Dr. Mary’s Monkey’ text, and yet the bulk of it was written and published in 1995, so in fifteen years of continued investigation, there is neither a second book (from Ed) nor any substantial embellishment to his original work (I’m told), save the introduction of a witness, Judyth Vary Baker, who allows herself and her version of the evidence to be managed by Ed Haslam.
   Mr. Haslam met Judyth Baker, Lee Oswald’s 1963 girlfriend, through the auspices of a CBS ’60 Minutes’ crew in 2001. He writes that at the time “I was extremely busy doing other things in my profession, and I was not anxious to get drawn back into the story that had dominated so many years of my life.” Can you believe it? The same essential circumstance governed an earlier decision of Mr. Haslam’s to walk away from ‘secret, missing files’ of the murdered FBI accomplice Guy Banister after he actually had the material in his hands. At least twice in Ed’s story, the Golden Goose flew in to nest in his lap and his reaction was ‘shoo’! Unbelievable. The Banister files are still missing (?), but Mrs. Baker is alive and well, “Living In Exile” outside the U.S. in fear of her life. She wants to come home. Maybe Ed Haslam can manage that too someday.
   For the time being, Mr. Haslam has given us the bones of a plot to kill Kennedy, “cure” the cancer epidemic  mistakenly (a-hem!) caused by the worldwide polio vaccines, and create a super-cancer bioweapon with a guarded nuclear particle accelerator stashed in the Infectious Disease Laboratory on the grounds of  the New Orleans Public Health (military) hospital. Haslam writes that he learned of the accelerator through the prodding of his contact, “Dr. X”, who passed on an account of it’s structure from a “Mr. Y”:
[Dr. Mary’s Monkey, pp 249-251, edited]”Eventually Dr.X got his friend to talk about the accelerators he had built. Finally Mr.Y talked about New Orleans. Here is a summary of what Dr.X said he had been told about the linear particle accelerator project Mr.Y supervised in New Orleans:
–the project was extremely secret. Mr.Y had to sign a secret contract with the government..and he could not disclose the exact location of the accelerator.
–The design..was unusual. Normally an accelerator..for medical use had clinical access features, like ramps..or beds…Here there were none…
–The financing was unusual…the machines were usually purchased on long-term contracts which were paid off over many years. But this case was different, the entire amount (approximately $10,000,000) was paid in advance.
–The method of payment was unusual…five or six checks..within one week. Each check came from a different company and was drawn from a different bank.
–Mr.Y went to New Orleans frequently during the construction..but once it was completed, he did not go back to the site for a long time…When he got there [again], something was obviously wrong. The accelerator building was guarded by soldiers with machine guns.
–Inside the building there were thousands of mice in cages…some kind of vaccine experiments. Dr. Ochsner was in charge. Mr.Y described him as tense and extremely suspicious.” [end excerpt]
   Incidentally, sometime later, Haslam located a “Mr.Z” who had once gotten a look inside the emptied and abandoned Infectious Disease building and testified to the unusual layout of the interior.
Chapter 11, called “The Machine”, is complete with a representational graph of a three-story ‘twin’ that stood in Oxford, England, home of the nuclear Clarendon Laboratory founded by physicist Frederick Lindemann (Lord Cherwell), Winston Churchill’s WWII science advisor who recommended ‘carpet-bombing’ German civilians. Cherwell personally recruited “displaced Jewish scholars” contracted out of Germany from 1933 onwards. Oxford’s lab became a center of nuclear warfare research as the British arranged the MAUD committee, architects and advisors of America’s Atom Bomb project.
   Perhaps the supposed “vaccine experiments” seen by Mr.Y and told to Dr.X, are also a cover story, and no good cover story goes to waste. The monkey virus problem was not a secret by 1961. The medical research community knew about it and after the publications in Time (1961-1963), so did an attentive public. The unnatural stress that appears to surround the central ‘medical experiment’ activities of the USPHS particle accelerator just doesn’t fit the ‘vaccine’ circumstance –there were, and still are, much deeper secrets about the polio vaccines and the nature of poliovirus and infection. Ed Haslam’s father, who helmed the New Orleans (polio) Crippled Childrens Hospital as its president, urged his son not to ask questions as a final request before taking his own secret knowledge to the grave. Years earlier, as Ed tells it, he saw his father cry for the only time after the death of Mary Sherman. What could make  a stoic naval Commander cry? Grief over Dr. Sherman’s death as the author implies? –or could it be the frustration of impossible contradictions which one with secret knowledge must live, knowing that time and truth ticks on like a countdown, and no one can ever really be protected. 
Polio is provenly caused by x-radiation, fallout and chemicals. My own theory about the polio vaccines is that they were purported to be protective against nuclear fallout and the complex biological damage from those combined sources. Polio research was ‘locked up’ for a half-century at the hands of Simon Flexner and the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, and in the desperate 11th hour of domestic nuclear bomb testing, for fear of revealing polio’s secret cause, the government sanctioned the hastily concocted IPV, which was both contaminated and ineffective to it’s purpose.  In a parallel situation of “embarassment”, as Ed Haslam says on page 344 explaining the predicament of Bobby Kennedy who ostensibly employed his brother’s assassin caught in a double-cross and was therefore manipulated into going along with the conspiracy to frame Oswald, “It was brilliant planning. The work of professionals. And they got away with murdering…” 
Ed has written something in his last words, finally, that makes sense.  
Particle Accelerators
Let’s take a lesson:
Basic speeding of particles (in this example, protons with a positive charge) with electromagnetic dipoles
From the wikipedia :  “Everyday examples of particle accelerators are cathode ray tubes found in television sets and X-ray generators. These low-energy accelerators use a single pair of electrodes with a DC voltage of a few thousand volts between them. In an X-ray generator, the target itself is one of the electrodes. A low-energy particle accelerator called an ion implanter is used in the manufacture of integrated circuits….”
>>> JL: “low-energy” applications, 100,000 up to 10 million volts (megavolts) were the focus of early developers like Charles Lauritsen at Caltech. In a transcript interview from AIP, Lauritsen describes how cancer-therapy-by-particle-beam financed the nuclear physics at the Kellogg Radiation Lab.
wiki continues…
“Beams of high-energy particles are useful for both fundamental and applied research in the sciences, and also in many technical and industrial fields unrelated to fundamental research. It has been estimated that there are approximately 26,000 accelerators worldwide. Of these, only ~1% are the research machines with energies above 1 GeV (that are the main focus of this article), ~44% are for radiotherapy, ~41% for ion implantation, ~9% for industrial processing and research, and ~4% for biomedical and other low-energy research…”
>>>JL : A general but full description of U.S. medical accelerator history, used by radiologists, is given in this presentation by Dr. Milford Schulz
wiki on High-energy machines (meaning all accelerators)…
“DC accelerator types capable of accelerating particles to speeds sufficient to cause nuclear reactions are Cockcroft-Walton generators or voltage multipliers, which convert AC to high voltage DC, or Van de Graaff generators that use static electricity carried by belts.

The largest and most powerful particle accelerators, such as the RHIC, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN (which came on-line in mid-November 2009) and the Tevatron, are used for experimental particle physics. Particle accelerators can also produce proton beams, which can produce proton-rich medical or research isotopes asopposed to the neutron-rich ones made in fission reactors; however, recent work has shown how tomake Mo, usually made in reactors, by accelerating isotopes of hydrogen, although this method still requires a reactor to produce tritium.. An example of this type of machine is LANSCE at Los Alamos.

Linear accelerators are also widely used in medicine, for radiotherapy and radiosurgery. Medical grade LINACs accelerate electrons using a klystron and a complex bending magnet arrangement which produces a beam of 6-30 million electron-volt (MeV) energy. The electrons can be used directly or they can be collided with a target to produce a beam of X-rays. The reliability, flexibility and accuracy of the radiation beam produced has largely supplanted the older use of Cobalt-60 therapy as a treatment tool.

…In the circular accelerator, particles move in a circle until they reach sufficient energy. The particle track is typically bent into a circle using electromagnets. The advantage of circular accelerators over linear accelerators (linacs) is that the ring topology allows continuous acceleration, as the particle can transit indefinitely. Another advantage is that a circular accelerator is smaller than a linear accelerator of comparable power (i.e. a linac would have to be extremely long to have the equivalent power of a circular accelerator)….Depending on the energy and the particle being accelerated, circular accelerators suffer a disadvantage in that the particles emit synchrotron radiation. When any charged particle is accelerated, it emits electromagnetic radiation and secondary emissions.

…The earliest circular accelerators were cyclotrons, invented in 1929 by Ernest O. Lawrence at the University of California, Berkeley. [Lawrence did not “invent” them, but perfected a type to his uses]… Cyclotrons are..still useful for lower energy applications….Another type of circular accelerator, invented in 1940 for accelerating electrons, is the Betatron. These machines, like synchrotrons, use a donut-shaped ring magnet…Lawrence’s first cyclotron was a mere 4 inches (100 mm) in diameter. Later he built a machine with a 60 in dia pole face, and planned one with a 184-inch dia, which was, however, taken over for World War II-related work connected with uranium isotope separation; after the war it continued in service for research and medicine over many years.”

Background on medical ‘biologicals':


Addendum, December 2010

After WWII, and the limited success of cyclotrons in the making of fissionable bomb material, Ernest O. Lawrence lobbied the Atomic Energy Committee to build the largest linear accelerator conceived to date. He called it, deceptively, the Materials Testing Accelerator (M.T.A.) which began construction near Berkeley, CA in 1947. The purpose of the M.T.A. was to produce “substantial quantitites of plutonium” for the U.S. weapons program. “Grotesquely simple to physicists, the thing he had in mind was an outgrowth of [Luis] Alvarez’s new-type linear accelerator. Lawrence said he meant to accelerate many, many protons…hitherto undreamed of, he declared he could add an undreamed-of resource to the country’s nuclear armory.  With them, once he got enough of them, he promised to turn the Oak Ridge waste product, uranium 238, into plutonium.” [p268*] Lawrence anticipated a shortage of domestic uranium and promoted his idea as relief from dependence on foreign ore.

Biographer Nuel Pharr Davis* described the M.T.A. as a vacuum chamber fifty feet high and one hundred feet long. Physicist Hans Bethe said it was “a very ill-conceived thing” [p269, *Lawrence and Oppenheimer], presumably poorly-timed politically and technically ahead of its time. Davis wrote in the footnote on page 271, quoting “While the M.T.A. was a technical engineering monstrosity, it did not defy the laws of physics….[ Davis’s source said]…[A] serious proposal is that of the Canadians who are designing a linear accelerator whose beam power is within a factor of 5 to 10 as that of the M.T.A. By 1980 we can build the equivalent of the M.T.A. if anybody wants it…The biggest problem yet to be solved [in 1968] is not the accelerator, or the ion source, but the target end.” 

Lawrence “forced the Atomic Energy Commission to sign a contract putting Standard Oil Development Corporation at his disposal. Near Livermore..a new laboratory arose at his bidding. There in a block-long building his scientists and Standard Oil’s constructed the M.T.A…[the] work ran on into 1950. Scenes worthy of science fiction took place inside the five-story vacuum chamber. Mostly Lawrence vaporized man-size copper bus bars in an effort to make them carry impossible voltages. Once for two whole hours he actually got the M.T.A. to produce a working beam. It merely melted down a succession of targets; no cooling arrangements could be devised to make them stand up long enough to undergo any significant transmutation… By the end of the second hour, the M.T.A. had burned itself out” [page 271]…” ‘Lawrence had no trouble with his health until the M.T.A. broke down’ says Carroll Mills…Lawrence’s trouble took the form of ulcerative colitis.” [p272]

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