Jennifer Lake's Blog

January 13, 2012

JFK Conspiracy Con III

Part One http://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2011/11/06/the-jfk-conspiracy-con/

Part Two http://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2011/12/22/jfk-conspiracy-con-ii/

The proof of pre-selection of the Kennedys to politically ascend and act on behalf of Jewish world interests is not a daunting task from the perspective of nuclear proliferation. Arguments against a Limited Test Ban have always been clear –encouragement of the ‘inevitable’ technologies through secret development. Channels of nuclear traffick need few proofs in the post-Prohibition era and medical usages alone are adequate examples, but what escapes the history books are cohesive explanations of early atomic development and its sponsors. We are supposed to believe that atomic bomb projects sprang into existence following the Hahn and Strassman  fission experiment in 1938. The claim in Lewis Strauss’s book, Men and Decisions, about an experimental bomb project in the Sahara under the collaboration of the French and Union Miniere is a carefully placed confession in his legacy paper of 1962. In his role of an international Jewish banker with Kuhn, Loeb & Co., Strauss gives his own account of personal proliferative actions in these excerpts:

   “Following the deaths of both my parents (in 1935 and 1937), I became aware of the inadequate supply of radium for the treatment of cancer… the demand was so great that the stock was divided into milligrams. Dr. James Ewing, then director of Memorial Cancer Hospital in New York, told me that if he had enough radium he would construct a ‘bomb’ holding several grams, which he felt might be the answer to the treatment of deeply located cancers.” [p163]  ..Toward the end of 1937…Dr. Arno Brasch and Dr. Leo Szilard, having learned of my interest, approached me through Francis Rosenbaum, a mutual friend. They asked me to finance them in the construction of a ‘surge generator’ [particle accelerator] with which they wished to explore nuclear phenomena in high-energy ranges… Brasch and Szilard believed that it would be possible to produce radioactive isotopes of many elements..by surges of current at very high voltages… Radioactive cobalt could be made, they calculated, at a cost of a few dollars per gram. Cobalt had certain advantages over radium..[it] is rapidly excreted. I foresaw the possibility of producing this isotope in quantity and of giving it to hospitals as a memorial to my parents.” [JL>> Edward Teller told the authors of 'Energy and Conflict' (1974) that he first met LLStrauss's still lively mother in 1948 at Temple Emanu-El in NYC, information not repeated in Teller's 'Memoirs' of 2001. Strauss and Teller had become good friends and allies according to both men. As noted in Part One, Brasch, Szilard and Strauss had established a relationship in an earlier deal for a particle accelerator, brokered through Cuba]

…”Brasch was a refugee from Germany. Before coming to the United States, he and a colleague Fritz Lange, had pioneered high-voltage work in Europe [i.e. atop Mount Generoso in the 1920s]..with the assistance of German industry, constructing a surge generator near Berlin… The high energy device built in Germany was the result of interest by the Allgemeine Electizitaets Gesellschaft, the large stockholder-owned electrical firm. Its board of  directors had concluded that the ‘artificial transmutation of elements was a field that should be explored’. Brasch had invented discharge tubes which stood up..[to] as much as four million volts. At about that time, his partner Lange had been invited to Russia on the representation that the Soviet government would give him unlimited assistance… [and was] reported to be building a plant at Kharkov as early as 1937. Impressed… I decided to help them… First, I approached the Westinghouse Company with which I had business connections… I then approached my neighbor, John Lee Pratt of Fredericksburg Virginia, who was a director of the General Motors Corporation..[and] visited Detroit to see Charles F. Kettering..whom I was later to know well… My inadequate presentation failed to interest him in the production of radioisotopes. I then visited two friends, Drs. Irving Langmuir and W.D. Coolidge in Schenectady at the laboratory of the General Electric Company..but the top management..felt that nuclear energy was ‘for the science fiction fans’. One could not help contrasting the attitude at that time of American and German industrialists. Dr. Coolidge did me the inestimable favor of providing me an opportunity to meet Ernest Orlando Lawrence, whose friendship for the following twenty years was one of the finest experiences of my life.” [JL>> Lawrence had been producing radioisotopes for commercial medical use since 1931. His brother John Lawrence was participating in making them at the Berkeley Rad Lab and taking them for testing on patients at San Francisco General-- the hospital soon became the 'busiest' polio hospital in the country]

…”[At the time, 1937] Lawrence’s project [was] for a hundred million-volt cyclotron. Lawrence came to see me..to express ‘gratitude’ for my assistance in finding some funds ‘for the project closest to my heart –crossing the frontier of one hundred million volts’. What I did for him..I have no recollection of… and by 1939 I was already deeply committed to Brasch and Szilard. Most of the cost of [Lawrence's] cyclotron was financed by Mr. Rockefeller. At this point, I turned to Mr. [Herbert] Hoover..[to] arrange for me to talk with Robert A. Millikan [the chief of Caltech]..as they were co-trustees of the Huntington Library in Pasadena… Millikan..asked me to lay the matter before Dr. Goetz of his faculty..on his way back..from Europe. Millikan wrote me on January 29, 1938 to say that he had received Goetz’s report of our conversations…  Millikan wrote me again on February 12..’If Dr. Brasch were to carry out his projects here, he would add effectively to the group and would undoubtedly be able to reach higher potentials by his method than could be obtained by any other. The so-called Van de Graaff method should be capable..of 10,000,000 volts and Dr. Brasch thinks he could go to..even 50 [million]…How matter would behave under bombardment of such voltages of electrons, we do not know’…  He wrote,’The possibility of making radioactive substances artificially which would replace radium is only one objective, and from our point of view, not the most interesting..or promising.’ [p167] [JL--Radium had its own strategic military value besides glo-paint; it was also an important stand-in for scarce wartime bomb fuel in live animal and human experiments]

…”Millikan offered to put at my disposal the facilities of the Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, ‘a building which was especially designed for very high potential work with unusually large clearances and with big power facilities needed for this project, all in place.’ ..In due course the work was begun. Dr. Richard C. Tolman, who was the dean of the graduate school, then acting for Dr. Millikan, regularly billed me for..expenses with the exception of salaries which I paid directly. The project continued even after the developments..in 1939 as the result of the ‘discovery in Germany’… Seventeen years later (in December of 1955) Dr. Hahn, then in his seventy-fourth year, was dining at my home and gave us an account of the historic discovery. [p169]    …[Hahn said] ‘When we had the results of our experiment, we could not understand why we had barium in the stuff. We had not started with any barium. I wrote to Lise and she replied with a letter..[and] pointed out that what had happened was that we had fissioned the uranium atom.’ [JL>> Hahn and Strassman, maybe not the sharpest knives in the drawer, were Lise Meitner's assistants who stayed in Germany to prove a "German discovery" for fission. This discovery laid the basis for a claim of an 'atomic bomb race' with the Nazis. H&S remained in Germany for the duration of the war and were well-rewarded afterwards]

…”Dr. Szilard, on January 25, 1939, wrote to me about it and his letter is historic in its first mention of ‘atomic bombs’… I asked Szilard to meet me in New York..for further discussion… [p171]  …[Szilard wrote to say] ‘I found that the Radium Chemical Co. had in stock 200 milligrams of radium mixed with beryllium, which is a nice constant source of fast neutrons… As Fermi said that he would like to use such a neutron source for his experiment, I felt I ought to get it for him.. so I thought it might be best that I should advance expenses of this type and to see..whether you could sanction the expenditures…’ [p173]  [JL>> the famous Einstein Letter sent to FDR and composed by Szilard, warning of the potential of 'new' weapons, was not written until August 1939, neither delivered until October]

[end excerpts pp163-173, Men and Decisions]

                                    L L Strauss

                                               ________________________________

            O Canada

Recalling the words of Boris Pregel (from part two) who helped ensure an abundance of ‘medically’ available radium, it’s worth a closer look at the radium-bearing uranium supply from the Canadians who brought in their mines from the distant Northwest Territories in 1931 thanks to “flying wheelbarrows” and bush pilots (North American polio cases spiked dramatically in ’31-’32, incidentally). Pregel said, “The monopoly of radium which Union Miniere had went on for many years till the Canadians came in with their own material [and] their refinery, Port Hope… they began to sell, to compete with the Belgians. They did it because they didn’t have the necessary distribution channels… practically nobody…”.  But they did have the ore, discovered by flyover in 1929: “Initial confirmation of what LaBine had found –ore containing up to 53 percent uranium oxide– came by radio in August [1929]… There followed a blitz of blanket claim-staking.. called the world’s first big airplane mining rush. It was a rich man’s rush… [By] the summer of 1931 there were 13 planes servicing the area, many of them flying 24 hours a day..permitted by the absence of night. By 1936, air travel in this remote region..was carrying more freight than all the United States airlines combined.” http://db.world-nuclear.org/reference/grand.html  I have yet to find a testimonial to the methods of Canadian radium distribution that would have given the Belgians a run for their money, but considering this was happening during Prohibition, the ponderables follow the logic of the day. The official oversight of Canada’s mineral wealth was as corrupt as its legendary liquor licensing proceedures.

The U.S., of course, was not without radium supplies –the Standard Chemical Co. of Pittsburgh started operations in 1911 and sold at the going rate of $150,000 per gram (multiply by 28 for the ounce price), ostensibly outmarketed by Union Miniere between 1922 and 1926. In those days it took 500 tons of ore to produce one gram of radium and 7 tons of chemicals to process one ton of ore. Presumably, the high-grade Canadian yellowcake cut costs all around. However, creative products like “radium fertilizer” which were probably depleted uranium, kept Americans in business for longer than the competition would suggest. For the record, I have no knowledge of any legal restrictions on the sale or transport of radium before WWII.

      the Liquor Man, Mr. Samuel Bronfman

By the time the Great Bear Lake uranium was spotted, Sam Bronfman had already assured his fortune. Biographer Nicholas Faith wrote that Bronfman’s “partnership with the mighty and deeply repectable Scottish Distillers Company Limited [DCL] was his greatest single coup in the 1920s. It marked an enormously important step up the social, commercial, and financial ladder and was the key to the whole of his subsequent career …largely thanks to the association he forged with the Scots.. [Bronfman] emerged as the largest distiller in Canada” [p70, The Bronfmans, Rise and Fall of the House of Seagram, 2006]  Bronfman’s “coup” with the Scots at DCLwas a distinctive competitive victory for this obsessive “control freak” who angled out his rival  Joe Kennedy. Faith’s admiring treatment of Mr. Sam ranks the animosity felt for Kennedy Sr. early, on page four: “The contrast comes over most clearly in the way Bronfman and Kennedy were regarded by the mighty Distillers Company..which dominated the Scotch business… Ronald Weir [wrote] in the official history of the company that ‘Kennedy was difficult to deal with, signing contracts and immediately challenging their interpretation… And whereas Bronfman was totally faithful to his beloved wife, Kennedy was the most notorious of sexual athletes –and it would have been unthinkable for Sam to have allowed his daughter to be lobotomized as did Joe Kennedy.’ ” Faith picks it back up to write that “While Bronfman was tarred through his associations with bootleggers, Kennedy’s far closer relationships lasted long enough for them to be put to good use in ensuring that Illinois voted for his son John in 1960.” [p4] Mr. Faith may be adding to the Bronfman family myth in his choice and placement of events but emerging through his pages in any respect is an exceedingly ugly character portrait of a viciously natured man who resented his own driving need to claw his way to “respectability”.  Mr. Sam’s grudges, it seems, are long outliving their origins. Faith gives his readers this thought: “In the words of Rabbi Arthur Herzberg, ‘The law had always been the enemy of the Jews; to circumvent it was often the only way to survive, and therefore to outfox authority was a praiseworthy act.’ ” [p56]

   Joe Kennedy appears to have been no more than a rival distributor with a Scotch DCL concession at a time when “the Bronfmans naturally concentrated on the much bigger American market… a permanent move..that, from a business point of view, largely removed them from the Canadian scene…[but] By the late 1920s much of the Bronfmans business was being transacted not in the United States but at Seagram’s new head office in Montreal..[where] Sam could rely on a handful of middlemen. The most important were Joseph Reinfeld and Lew Rosenstiel..one of the more unappetizing characters in the whole story [who] was, in a way, the mirror image of Mr. Sam. [pp64-65] ..Before Repeal, Rosenstiel had acquired and built up the important firm of Schenley, with..capital raised..[by the] banking firm of Lehman Brothers… Mr. Sam..bought a 20 percent stake in Schenley.” [p66] ‘Rosie’, as he was often known, was accused during divorce proceedings from his fourth wife of being the “organizer of parties at which J. Edgar Hoover could frolic in his favorite frocks..[with] boy prostitutes for the enjoyment of other guests like Roy Cohn. According to the fourth Mrs. Rosenstiel.. it was the blackmail potential of the conversations recorded on the microphones Rosenstiel..had installed throughout the house that allegedly explained Hoover’s refusal to pursue the Mafia. For it was at Lew’s place that Hoover met some of Rosenstiel’s business associates..like Frank Costello, Sam Giancana of Chicago, Santo Trafficante of Florida, Angelo Bruno..and Meyer Lansky, a close friend…” [p66]

Arthur Schlesinger Jr. wrote that “In 1930 the Prohibition Bureau was transferred [from the Treasury Dept.] to Justice.” [p252]… “Mr. Hoover became the director [back] in 1924… Appointed by Attorney General Harlan Stone..to clean up a corrupt operation… The director proved himself adept..”[p246]  And if Mrs. Rosenstiel was right about him, already controlled by the Mob before his expanded duties came by transfer. “The FBI [was] the largest single unit within Justice.” [p245, Robert Kennedy and His Times]  Just after this, in 1931, the town of Las Vegas which was little more than a train-stop between Los Angeles and Salt Lake City, sold its first legal gaming license.

 Making the Desert Bloom

Las Vegas is certainly one expression of what a lot of cheap electricity can do. Another Hoover legacy –Herbert Hoover– was to bring the ‘Six Companies’ in to build his dam before he left the Presidential office. During his eight years as the Secretary of Commerce he was noted for an inordinate amount of preoccupation with local and regional public utilities. H. Hoover’s prescience in the ’20s was to get the Interior Department moving on a hydroelectric program that would overprovide for the nation until the twenty-first century –a fortuitously indispensible commodity for the future Manhattan Project.  The Treasury may have shifted off its supervision of the Prohibition Bureau in 1930 but it still had jurisdiction over the U.S. Public Health Service. 1930 brought the USPHS one its great expansions in the building of military hospitals under Secretary Andrew Mellon. The same year, Congress passed the legislation that created the National Institutes of Health. It would  take a book to fill in enough details over time to show that long-term planning in the business of pre-selection was applied to the United States in the creation of the atomic bomb. Less space, however, a lot less, is needed to demonstrate that Japan was targeted by pre-selection too, before the war.  And if “they” could do this, how hard was it staging for Kennedy?

    winged guardian of the Hoover Dam

                                                   ___________________________

For his part, Lewis L. Strauss was to publicly speak for the anti-Communist right. His greatest role in government was to ultimately oversee the fullest use of nuclear arms and development, both behind the scenes as a Kuhn Loeb banker and a direct instrument of proliferation (in the guise of its most ardent watchdog).  In the specific organization of necessary elements to steer the successful execution of JFK’s assassination, no one appears more essentially vested and qualified than he. Two more sections of autobiographical excerpts below describe some of Strauss’s accomplishments during WWII in the Navy. In March of 1941, with the Bomb well on its way, Strauss received orders for active duty, “ten months before Pearl Harbor”. He described his call to service:

[pp132-134, Men and Decisions] “The orders assigned me to duty with the Bureau of Ordnance… I had become acquainted with Admiral W.R. Furlong, chief of the bureau, just as these orders arrived he was transferred to a command in the Pacific. The new chief of bureau..by reason of..ability, had been promoted over officers senior to him, was Rear Admiral William Henry Purnell Blandy… By professional specialty, he was a gunner –a ‘battleship admiral’– and proud of that tag… Blandy’s first action was to reorganize completely the Bureau of Ordnance…[T]he staff of only eighty regular officers..spread experience very thin. In consequence, the reserve officers had great opportunities… Some of us (myself in particular) were assigned to responsibilities for which we were unprepared… I was placed in charge of ordnance inspection with the astonshing designation General Inspector of Ordnance…  “As we had only a handful of qualified men, the first step was to train more immediately. I arranged for a school for inspectors..by dragooning civilian friends and acquaintances, [and] recruited some hundreds of men… [N]ine months later there was a trained staff of INOs (Inspectors of Naval Ordnance) at all the major centers of manufacturing…  There were also many of these plant inspectors for the Bureau of Ships, the Bureau of Aeronautics, and other Navy Bureaus and offices…independent of one another, even in the same plant… This led to the obvious conclusion that there should be one naval inspection service

   “At dinner one evening..[with] Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Knox.. I expounded on the value of consolidating all naval inspection activities… The Secretary was impressed and asked..[for] a memorandum..which I did the next morning.  …Navy material inspection was duly consolidated for the remainder of the war, but only after a pitched battle with the bureau chiefs..”
 
[p146] “In early 1944, I proposed to Forrestal that we should make an effort to obtain a sizeable appropriation from the Congress for postwar research in military areas and to get this while the war was going on. We should request a billion dollars..to subsist upon the income..that..would enable long-range research programs..without dependence upon annual appropriations… [As] a result, a Committee on Post-War Research was named under [Charles E.] Wilson as chairman…
[p147] “A directive for a new ‘office’ –the Office of Research and Inventions– was prepared, and the Naval Research Laboratory near Washington and the Special Devices Center of the Bureau of Aeronautics, among others, were..assigned to it… The office later became the Office of Naval Research [under] Admiral Bowen… first Chief of Naval Research ..[who] has generously ascribed its establishment to me… Bowen was a highly competent engineer…  His early realization of the importance of radar ..[p148] (developed at the Naval Research Laboratory when he was in charge) and of atomic energy for ship propulsion was farsighted.
   ..”The ONR proceeded to work out a program by which contracts were made with universities for basic research… Men who had vowed..[to] never do any work after the war for either Armed Service found themselves doing so… The result was that when the Office of Scientific Research and Development began to liquidate at the end of the war, the Office of Naval Research filled the breach.
…”The Atomic Energy Commission has shared many projects in nuclear physics with ONR.” 
*
Men and Decisions is not an autobiography. Strauss reveals little-to-nothing of his personal life. He claims no relatives outside his immediate family (“father”, “parents”, “brother”, “son”) except for a “wealthy uncle in New York”. None of these people are named. The last chapters of his book take up a defense of his 1959 rejection by the Senate to the Cabinet post of Secretary of Commerce –a job Strauss performed “unconfirmed” in his last year of public service. His concern appears to be documenting his contributions as an American patriot, righting the “attempts at defamation of a plain man who has done best as he sees it for his country”. What comes across, however, is a chilling record of his role in world events as an arbiter of Jewish power. His position on nuclear affairs is pointedly aimed at the Kennedy administration, released and circulated only months before the Cuban Missile Crisis.
   Strauss wrote, “..persons who are not pacifists but who want atomic disarmament..have chosen an easy, personal escape from the dilemna, but it is not one which a government can follow and survive. The true pacifist abhors any weapon, while the atomic pacifist often is tolerant of conventional weapons for ‘limited wars’ but opposes the nuclear weapon on the ground that it is so much more devastating… the existence of powerful conventional weapons did not prevent two world wars, while nuclear weapons, at this writing at any rate, seem to have been a deterrent.” [p406] On the issue of fallout, he added, “I turned to my friend Detlev Bronk, the president of the National Academy of Sciences..so that [a new study] independent of government..was undertaken. It occupied the time of more than a hundred scientists..’The Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation’..completed by June 1956…and it contained what was at the time rather surprising information. For example, the present dangers from ionizing radiation were found to be due much more to the excessive use of medical and dental X-rays than from fallout… if correct, [it] would mean that our hospitals and medical laboratories are more dangerous than fallout… [the report states] ‘The fallout from weapons testing has, so far, led to considerably less irradiation of the population than have the medical uses –and had therefore been less detrimental. So long as the present [1955?] level is not increased this will continue to be true.’ …This suggested that fallout hazard had been just a convenient hook upon which to hang the argument that the United States should cease testing.” [p416] “I..communicated with our laboratories to request that urgent attention be given to the problem of designing weapons with reduced fallout …Our aim, of course, was to produce weapons which would be useable over our own friendly territory for defense… Great strides have been made and more are possible if testing can be continued.”
*
Testing, of course, did continue. Kennedy believed what he was told, that nuclear bombs were being detonated with no radioactive fallout. Presumably, the ink on Strauss’s manuscript was still wet when JFK announced to the nation on September 5, 1961, “In view of the continued testing by the Soviet Government, I have today ordered the resumption of nuclear tests, in the laboratory and underground, with no fallout.” [p226, President Kennedy, Profile in Power, Richard Reeves] What is more, Reeves informs us that the first thing Kennedy did after meeting Khrushchev was to have “secretly ordered preparations to resume testing..[and then] ordered the paperwork..withdrawn, so he would have the option of saying he had made the decision later than he actually had.” [p224] Strauss was obviously not writing to influence policy as some out-of-power bureaucrats might do. The policy was all in place, and Kennedy followed it. It was extremely counterproductive to Strauss’s personal mission as the ambassador of Atoms-for-Peace to have an overt arms race generating fear of nuclear proliferation. The predictable, languishing stalemate with the Soviets had made the superpowers victims of Cold War success. Things were very much in need of going the way Henry Kissinger told it to Arthur Schlesinger in 1960: “We need someone..who will take a big jump –not just improve on existing trends but produce a new frame of mind, a new national atmosphere… The issue is a new epoch.. and a new spirit..” [p219, Robert Kennedy and His Times] Later, in 1963, when the signing of the Limited Test Ban treaty had been accomplished, Kennedy opened his address to the country on national television saying “I speak to you tonight in a spirit of hope…”
As one recent commentator has said, reflecting on the Kennedys for a made-for-tv drama, “it was as if [the real Kennedys] were sent up from Central Casting.”
*
It is said that governments do not give up their weapons unless and until they have better ones to replace them. What new weapon did they have in 1963? For certain, a Peace weapon –one that would go around the world. A polio vaccine. Stealing the people’s health and offering to sell it back to them bit by bit does not sound like a scheme invented by an economically depressed Communist state. Polio vaccines like Salk’s 3-shot injectibles were not suitable give-aways even for a rich nation, but in 1962, Albert Sabin’s oral drops were in their last stages of field trials –in, of all places, Cuba and the USSR. For the next decades to come, the Sabin OPV was the vaccine “diplomat” of choice. The Salk legacy was to move upwards and manifest as a New Frontier in a medical field being born as “metabiology”. There, the common interests of the Bronfmans, Lewis Strauss, and many others merged at the Salk Institute in San Diego. Sam’s son Edgar Bronfman became an anchor patron, founding funder and trustee.  Lewis Strauss’s friend, Dr. Leo Szilard (a father of the Bomb), and other former Manhattan Project veterans, signed on as Fellows. For medical purposes, the Salk was to take on the challenges of what health physics called “combined injury” from radiation and chemicals; birth defects, gene mutations, neurological disease, cancer and AIDS. For metabiological purposes, well.. that’s another story. There’s still a lot left to this one.
*
    Edgar Bronfman 
Nicholas Faith wrote that Edgar’s story shines a powerful spotlight on the attitude and actions of the world Jewish community.” [p6, The Bronfman's, Rise and Fall of the House of Seagram]
Bronfman’s prominent role at the Salk Institute, however, is 100% omitted from Faith’s account. Why? It’s public information.  Why doesn’t the “spotlight” follow him there?  The author does make it clear that a predecessor Bronfman family biographer did not survive the special knowledge he acquired during his project, dying of barbituate poisoning soon after clueing-in a few friends that he learned things the Bronfmans didn’t want him to know.  Perhaps some of those things relate closely to ‘Salk’ relationships. Michael Piper, author of Final Judgement, learned that another Salk founding-funder, John M. King, offered Jim Garrison a bribe to walk away from his then early investigation of Clay Shaw in 1967. Interesting. http://polioforever.wordpress.com/salk-institute/ 
JFK researchers have long known of the Bronfmans link to Permindex, published as the “Torbitt File”,  the assassination “mechanism” that pulled the pieces together. But it’s a wonder, a real wonder, that decades of research in the hands of investigative journalists continues to fail in finding the polio connection. Not a scrap of medical knowledge is needed. Ed Haslam, by force of circumstance, unavoidably has to mention it or else there’s no SV40-cancer-causing-monkey-virus tale to tell.
Married To The Mob
Edgar Bronfman married Anne Loeb, believed to be a descendent of Solomon Loeb & kin (yes, of Kuhn, Loeb) which, if true, added the Bronfmans to the dynastic line of cousins representing the Loeb-Lehman-Morgenthau-Stern-Rosenwald clan. Anne’s father, John L. Loeb (son of Carl M. Loeb, American Metal Co. and Loeb, Rhoads & Co.) owned 40% of Cuban Atlantic Sugar and had large personal holdings of Cuban real estate.
   The Stern-Rosenwald branch of the family is an integral part of Piper’s Final Judgement as silent partners in the Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation (NUMEC) founded by Zalman Shapiro. Shapiro, incidentally, is known for his methods of improving diamonds by stripping their impurities out with high-potential particle accelerators, something Ed Haslam rallies to say during interviews about particle accelerators –not to name Shapiro, but to impress his audience with high-energy accelerators.
   Shapiro, in turn, was famously suspected for using NUMEC as a means of creating and smuggling bomb fuel to the Israelis, charges that are vigorously dismissed by Seymour Hersh in The Samson Option. Seymour Hersh owes his fame as an author to Philip Stern, the son of Edgar Stern and Edith Rosenwald…. and around we go. Ain’t it something!
*
A thought to leave you with before ending Part Three, is a notion about Lee Oswald and his New Orleans cover name, “Hidell”, supposedly assigned to him by the CIA. Like so many parts of this story hiding in plain sight, it struck me (amusingly) that it meant “Hide L.L.” –Strauss, a guy with cleaner hands than Pontius Pilate. Strauss was the man on top of the Atomic Energy Commission when the official unofficial blanket policy for AEC activity was described as, “The solution to pollution is dilution.” [referencing M.E.D. scientist John Gofman, radiation expert]
   Learning about the AEC gave me an appreciation for the policy not as a statement about abusing the biosphere but as a method of standard practice in business for building-in stakeholders. The doublespeak on policy, which must have come through early lessons on pollution, plays out like this: get as many end-users as possible into the picture so when charges of violations come forward, there’s a legion of violators to blame. The JFK ‘enemies list’ works very well along these lines too. “Business genius” at work.
    Proliferation and Atoms-for-Peace was dependent on its stakeholders and few outside of medicine had more enthusiasm than the oil men. Nuclearizing the oil industry by making its harvest and recovery dependent on atomic tools looks to be the second-most compelling reason to find peaceful uses.
*
PEAK OIL, lowering the boom
The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 set a plan in motion to put nuclear power into private hands, which the AEC launched by building the first commercial energy reactor in Shippingport Pennsylvania, ceremoniously inaugerated on May 26 of 1955, which was just after the “Cutter Incident” as the Salk polio vaccine was released on the public, during Operation Teapot at NTS. Lewis Strauss was invited to speak at Shippingport’s start-up: “In the course of a brief remark, I ventured a prediction that nuclear power plants of much greater size and more sophisticated technology would soon be built.” [p324, Men and Decisions].  At the same time, a Shell Oil Co. geologist named Marion King Hubbert began working for the Atomic Energy Commission. As Hubbert recalled it: “In the summer…spring and summer of 1955, I had begun service and had a couple of preliminary meetings [with] the Advisory Committee of the..Atomic Energy Commission on Waste Disposal. Land Nuclear Waste Disposal… In the course of those hearings, I had obtained information which I had not had before on the magnitude of the energy that could be obtained from fission… previously I’d regarded nuclear energy as unpromising because of the scarcity of uranium and thorium… So, this awareness of the magnitude of energy..changed the picture in my mind… So that, in turn, reflected on my previous analysis of energy based on fossil fuels.
   “Some time in the fall of 1955…I was on a trip to Denver on company business..[and] encountered one of the Shell production engineers whom I knew from Houston, and we had breakfast together… [He] remarked that he was..chairman of the program committee of the forthcoming American Petroleum Institute meeting..in March. And they were looking for someone who could give them a broad brush picture of the overall world energy situation…” 
   According to the website, www.mkinghubbert.com ,  Hubbert had only recently obtained sufficient information from the AEC to give a presentation, and “at the time he was convinced that atomic energy was a viable source for future world energy needs [though] Hubbert did ultimately change his mind.” Later in life, when this interview took place, Hubbert’s opinion of nuclear power was “the sooner we get rid of it the better off we’re going to be.”  Nevertheless, Hubbert carried the torch for Peak Oil (that reserves would ‘peak’ in 1970 and thereafter decline toward a global shortage) from the time of his March 1956 presentation to the API in San Antonio and for the rest of his life. John F. Kennedy almost caused Peak Oil to become undone by marginalizing Hubbert in favor of a USGS report stating there was plenty of oil. Hubbert also later said of his Peak Oil theory that “there was not a lot of analysis that went it” but he still defended it. In 1964, Hubbert quit Shell and went to work for the USGS… “this led to a 1967..paper showing that discoveries..were declining..back to within the original [1956 predicted range]… The U.S. peaked in 1970.” http://mkinghubbert.com/about/prediction

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