Jennifer Lake's Blog

September 19, 2012

The Moscow Signal

 photo 1959

The Moscow Signal was the name given by intelligence insiders to the low-power microwave beams claimed to have been broadcast into the US embassy for more than two decades, from 1953 until 1976. No members of the public were to hear of it until 1976, not even the staff of the US embassy in Moscow. Journalist Paul Brodeur, longtime writer for The New Yorker, recounted the events in his 1977 book The Zapping of America: “According to the first report of the affair, which appeared in the Los Angeles Times on February 7 [1976], Ambassador Walter J. Stoessel Jr had told some of the 125 members of his staff that the Russians were using microwave beams to listen in on conversations inside the embassy, and that such radiation could be harmful to their health…”[p95]

As it happens, the signal went undiscovered until 1962 when a security sweep for listening devices revealed the presence of an unusual pulsed series of microwaves. The Department of Defense had only recently terminated its Tri-Service Program, a microwave studies “health and safety” evaluation operated from 1957 to 1961, for reasons that Brodeur makes clear. What followed in the wake of the Moscow Signal discovery was a rapid withdrawal of related, defense-funded radio/radar research among independent non-military contractors. In 1966, the government classified its continuing effort as Project Pandora, a three year investigation that maintained complete official silence until the story of the Moscow Signal broke in the papers –most of Pandora’s experiments, it seems, have never been declassified.

   The focus of Brodeur’s whistleblowing in Zapping was the power density exposure, arbitrarily set and voluntarily adopted at the limit of ten-milliwatts per centimeter squared (10mW/cm2). The Russians, he states, set their upper limit 1,000 times lower, measured in microwatts. Even one milliwatt was a figure much too high for Russian workplace safety . During the mid-60s period of contentious debate among knowing Americans, a one-milliwatt (1mW/cm2) limit had been suggested by the deputy director of the Bureau of Radiological Health (Robert L. Elder) who then reversed himself to defend a five-milliwatt limit for industry. Not without irony, the Moscow Signal was said to be at four-milliwatts per square centimeter.
In Chapter 3 (The Cover-up Begins), Brodeur wrote,”By the late 1950s, virtually all the investigations into the biological effects of microwaves were being either conducted or financed by the Department of Defense, which had assigned the Air Force the responsibility of developing a program of coordinated research in the three [armed] branches…known as the Tri-Service Program…Therefore the task..was validating the ten-milliwatt level that had already been a theoretically safe level of continuous whole-body exposure to microwaves…[p32]…As for nonthernal, or low-level, effects upon human was virtually ignored during the Tri-Service Program. was treated as a joke…[p33] One was a the Naval Medical Research Institute [that] reported..testicular damage resulting in temporary test animals exposed to power densities of only five milliwatts per square centimeter. Another was an animal study by Russell L. Carpenter..whose findings not only suggested that pulsed microwaves, such as those used in radar, might have a nonthermal effect in producing cataracts, but also..that cataracts might occur through the cumulative effect of repeated exposures to low-level microwave[s].

   “By the time of the fourth and final Tri-Service conference which was held in New York in August 1960, it was apparent that the military-industrial complex had developed almost complete immunity to any information that might place the ten milliwatt level in question. By then, it was known that the power of microwave-radiating equipment, which had risen within the previous twenty years from average outputs of ten watts to almost a million watts, would soon be increased to meet the demands of the space age.”[p34]
   Wow –before World War II was over, the electrical output of radar zoomed from ten watts to a million. Then, along came the microwave ovens, source of the contentious and equally arbitrary 5mW/cm2 limit. One of Paul Brodeur’s driving points was that leakage from electronics –radar and broadcast anntennas to home appliances– was commonplace and in excess of the too-high recommedations anyway.
   “Over the next few years [after 1962] became apparent that the Russians had based their standard primariliy on the effects of low-level microwave radiation on the central nervous system, which they had observed in the course of many large-scale, long-term clinical investigations of workers… [It] turned out that the Russians had recognized unusual effects of radio-frequency energy on the human central nervous system as early as 1933 and had been studying the problem ever since. [p35]
…”Concerning the genetic effects of microwaves…[they were] first discovered [by an American] back in 1959 by Dr. John H. Heller and some associates..who observed gross chromosomal abnormalities in garlic root tips..irradiated with microwaves at power levels far below those necessary to produce heat. By 1963, Heller and his colleagues had demonstrated that low-power microwave radiation could produce in mammalian cells and insects mutations similar to those caused by gamma rays, X-rays and ultraviolet rays. Ironically, when the findings of Heller []..were published, they received more recognition in the Soviet Union than in the United States...[p90]
   “At first, it was believed [the embassy discovery]..had something to do with normal eavesdropping operations…[but it] was soon realized, however, that the Russians were using multiple frequencies and widely fluctuating microwave beams with irregular patterns which did not appear to be applicable to intelligence gathering… [The] motive for the Soviet microwave bombardment..became the subject of intense scrutiny by..intelligence agencies, including the CIA whose officials had become belatedly aware of the vast amount of research that the Russians had conducted..on human behavior…  In the autumn of 1965, the Institute for Defense Analyses..convened a special task force to assess the problem and..duplicate some of the Russian experiments… In addition, the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)..set up a special laboratory at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research where..rhesus monkeys were power densities..similar to the Moscow Signal. [p41]
   By May of 1976, as new rounds of disclosure made their way to print, “an Associated Press report by Barton Reppert quoted Richard S. Cesaro, who was in charge of Project Pandora, as conceding that some of the scientists connected with the study felt that low-intensity microwave radiation had produced signs of aberrant behavior in monkeys. [p101]…another Associated Press story by Reppert stated that recent tests..showed radiation levels in the Moscow embassy to be considerably higher than..earlier tests…and that an outside telephone line had actually been found to be carrying radiation directly into the office (and, presumably into the ear) of Ambassador Stoessel…[who]was ‘beside himself’ with this latest development…” [p103]
   “Two weeks later, the..indefatigable Reppert..revealed that over an eighteen-month period in 1967 and 1968 the State Department had conducted special tests to detect genetic damage in employees returning from Moscow, and..done so without notifying the employees about the purpose of the testing but had deliberately misled them into thinking..the tests were..for another reason… Dr. Cecil B. Jacobson, of the George Washington University Medical School..described the showing ‘funny results– lots of chromosome breaks.’ [p104]…[Dr. Thomas H. Gresinger]..recalled..[that] the technicians..had been instructed to take buccal smears from the Moscow employees as part of their routine homecoming physical examinations and to tell them that they were being checked for..bacteria. When I heard the words ‘buccal smears’, my ears picked up. Buccal smears are never used to culture bacteria; they’re a scraping taken from inside the mouth and they’re designed solely for the purpose of detecting chromosomal abnormalities.'”[p105]
   Fourteen documents from Project Pandora were released to Barton Reppert through a Freedom of Information request: “The remaining documents in the declassifeid Pandora file pertain mostly to meetings held in 1968 and 1969..[p118] ..”The April..meeting ended with the science advisory committee’s emphasizing ‘the need for information on humans in addition to the accelerated animal studies at Walter Reed.’ The committee urged ‘the Walter Reed facility to develop a human program…six to eight months and that they could be obtained from Ft. Dietrich [sic]… On May 12..the committee..met at the Institute of Defense Analysis to discuss just how to design and conduct the human studies. Among other things, they agreed that the strength of the signal used in the studies should be between four and five milliwatts per square centimeter…'[p119]…on June 18…the science advisory committee..reached the following conclusions about the human studies: ‘It was the concensus that the aim should be to duplicate or simulate the Moscow environment..over an eight-to-ten hour period’… Cesaro went on to tell the committee that there was evidence that low-level radiation could penetrate the central nervous system of monkeys..[and] who went on to say that the effects could be physiological, behavioral and genetic. As things turned out, the..clear direction for future research that was the spring of 1969 soon became clouded with uncertainty. Indeed, during the next few months, a mysteriuos change of heart and mind seems to have taken place in..Project Pandora…[p120]
   …[H]uman studies..after all, threatened to produce some embarassing data. [p121]…Project Pandora came to a rather abrupt end on January 12, 1970 after a final meeting… As for the planned human experiments, the committee decided that ‘based on existing information, there is no evidence that any permanent deleterious effects are to be expected.‘” [p124]
   In amongst the noise of the 1977 newspaper accounts was the quietly circulated notice that “..sources within the [State] department admitted privately that excessive radiation was emanating from the telephone of former Ambassador Stoessel. It was caused by a high-frequency one-thousand watt radio transmitter located on the roof of the embassy above Stoessel’s office. When this transmitter was operating, it induced high-frequency signals in the tens of milliwatts in phone lines running to the Ambassador’s desk, as well as in phone other offices in the embassy’s political section. Another State Department source..[claimed] that the..transmitter was never turned on…” [pp125-126] The State Department, Brodeur says, had no authority over the embassy’s transmitter, nor could they know or reveal any details about the equipment. It was classified. And so, the Moscow Signal ends as a sort of cliffhanger with the spooky insinuation that the  Americans in Moscow were irradiated by their own. Brodeur wrote, “conveniently..all of the blame for the irradiation of the embassy upon the Russians. However, there are..reasons for supposing that [the reports] may not be trueWhatever the legal resolutions,..since the Pandora meetings, the government and the military have systematically suppressed information about the genetic effects of microwaves in human beings…” [p134]
NOTE: current “safe” exposure is set by W.H.O. at 1 mW/cm2 (one milliwatt per square centimeter)
                  H.P. Schwan             Boris Rajewsky
   The original 10 mW/cm2 was adopted in 1955 following the recommendation of Herman P. Schwan , a “Paper Clip” biophysicist who had also worked for Siemens and Telefunken, recruited by the Navy in 1945 from the occupied Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Frankfurt.
>>>”Frankfurt-am-Main was designated as headquarters for the United States Navy for the occupation of Germany” [ref. p120,
   Schwan’s NIH obituary (b.1915-d.2005): “..His letter to the U.S. Navy in 1953 propos[ed] a safe limit for human exposure to microwave energy of 100 W/m2 [100 Watts per square meter, or converted by the formula  1 W/m2=0.1mW/cm2 —a recommendation of 10 milliwatts per square centimeter]
Here’s a piece of Herman Schwan’s story:
Schwan: …”In March 1944 we experienced..[a] series of bombings that essentially wiped out Frankfurt. The damage was very very heavy… Curiously enough my apartment house did not suffer. I rented near I.G.Farben administrative headquarters… It was completely preserved.”
Q: “You’re saying the Allied forces purposely avoided bombing that?
Schwan: “Yes. Absolutely. It was clear… [Later, in the US] An executive with DuPont and General Motors offered me [an] interpretation… I was dating a friend of his daughter,[so] he invited me to [his] estate and offered to help me. He also invited the president of Sperry get me a job with Sperry. He told me that I.G. Farben and DuPont were heavily intertwined… DuPont owned fifty-one percent of the stock of I.G.Farben, and vice versa. He said to me, ‘We never had any intention to ruin our own headquarters in Germany. That’s our stuff.’ ..So, I don’t know. Anyhow, I didn’t suffer much..[but] just two blocks away there was unbelievable damage.
>>>In 1945 to 1947, the I.G.Farben building was the Supreme Headquarters for Allies Europe: the Frankfurt I.G. Farben building “was the largest office building in Europe…housing the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany (HICOG)…[and]was also the headquarters of the CIA in Germany.”
Q: “Was it possible to continue doing research…?
Schwan: “Our work suffered [toward the end of the war. After the Allied invasion]..I stayed at the institute a was occupied by American soldiers…[Director, Boris] Rajewsky was gone so I had to take care of the institute… I rapidly received active support from the [US] military government. That proved to be important later… I succeeded in getting protection for the institute…
Q: “How did things go after that?
Schwan: “The university started functioning a year later… Rajewsky returned. He used his influence to introduce me to..some important heads of some banks in Frankfurt. He appointed me acting Director..since he was a [Nazi] Party Member, he could not act as..Director until..cleared… During that time, I received many visits from..scientists and technicians..[who] were primarily American, but also some British… they were very concerned about what was going on [at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biophysics]..since [it] was known for its..expertise in ionizing radiation fields…
Q: “It had been targeted because it was thought that it was a part of an atom bomb project?
Schwan: “Yes. I believe so… Rajewsky got major equipment installed. For example..a huge accelerator in a rather tall, new structure in Frankfurt….They [the Allies] must have noticed..and knew what expertise was there… Clearly that building was marked. It was hit and destroyed… I offered the Allies information about the high-frequency work, and the [submarine anti-radar material].
Q: “You wanted to cooperate fully?
Schwan: “Oh absolutely. Yes, I had been waiting for the Americans for a long time now… The anti-Nazis, of course, fully cooperated… As time advanced, other people came with biophysical backgrounds. For example, a lieutenant in the Navy, David Goldman..visited several times, and I talked with him. Some months later, perhaps as a consequence of those visits, I was offered the opportunity to come to [the US] under unusually favorable circumstances… so I accepted. That was in ’47. I came in late the Naval Medical [Aeromedical] Equipment Laboratory in Philadelphia… Then to my surprise, several good things happened…The Navy informed me they would like me to work on some projects only part of the time..[and] I would have the privilege of..projects of my choice… I proposed to start a sweeping study of electric and acoustic properties of biological materials..[hoping] to extend the range of frequencies to much higher and much lower frequencies than ever used before… they promised me the opportunity to set up a long-range research program…. Well, I mentioned the Americans made me an offer with almost unbelievably favorable circumstances… As it turned out, I could practically write my own ticket…  The majority..who came over under the so-called ‘Paper Clip Program’ were military scientists…most were technically oriented. So, the more basic scientists like myself were in a minority… I was [technically] on leave from the University of Frankfurt as a faculty member from 1947 to 1955”
Schwan’s oral history
   The value of ‘gleaning’ from Schwan’s career work and recollections has a lot to offer in context; a couple of decades before WWII, another Goldman was facilitating high-energy pioneers –banker Henry Goldman, of Goldman Sachs, who was paying the physicist pair of friends, Max Born and Albert Einstein, out-of-pocket on his visits to Germany. Schwan was trained by Russians in Frankfurt– Boris Rajewsky having ultimately attained the directorship of the Biophysics Institute through a form of placement initiated by his communist friends, Alexander Janitsky and the Joliot-Curies in Paris. The Nazis imprisoned Rajewsky’s predecessor and promoted Rajewsky in his place –go figure– and Rajewsky then enfolded the institute into the Kaiser Wilhelm (KWG) network.
   By the time Schwan wrote his microwave dosage recommendations in 1953 for the US Navy, the government had coincidently sanctioned “secret human experimentation” through the Secretary of Defense, Charles E. Wilson [the ‘Wilson Memorandum’], CEO of General Electric. Nelson Rockefeller had just become acting Secretary of Health [HEW], the weapons were going thermonuclear,  and it was in this milieu that the Moscow Signal ostensibly  began –unquestionably when it was most in the ideological interest of Americans to study biological effects.
   Schwan said for himself, “When I was first approached about biophysics, I thought that you couldn’t mix physics with biological material. As I became aware of what was happening in electrophysiology and the ionizing radiation field, my ideas changed. I began to believe that we were now at the threshold of more to come… I wanted to do physics of biological objects. This seemed revolutionary to me. In other words, I was not..motivated to study effects of x-rays… I was not questions raised by medical people or biologists. I wanted to look.. with a physicist’s eye…  Some of my early colleagues at the medical school at Pennsylvania claimed it to be heresy.”
It is well known that electromagnetic fields cause mechanical forces. If one applies an electrical field to a suspension of microscopic particles [i.e. metal colloids, metallorganic compounds, biological cell contents], these particles realign themselves along the direction of the field and form pearl-chain-like aggregates. These chains are mostly single stranded but they are frequently multistranded. This phenomenon has been investigated by a number of groups. Here we discuss the dependence of threshold field strength on particle size and frequency. Also, pulsed fields have been thought to be more effective than continuous fields of the same average power in evoking biological effects.”
   “Molecular rotation occurs in materials containing polar molecules having an electrical dipole moment, with the consequence that they will align themselves in an electromagnetic field. If the field is oscillating, as it is in an electromagnetic wave or in a rapidly-oscillating electric field, these molecules rotate continuously aligning with it. This is called dipole rotation. As the field alternates, the molecules reverse direction. Rotating molecules push, pull, and collide with other molecules…”
   “Dielectrophoresis (or DEP) is a phenomenon in which a force is exerted on a dielectric particle when it is subjected to a non-uniform electric field… ”; Dielectric materials are those which polarize in the presence of an electric field.
“…fields of a particular frequency can manipulate particles with great selectivity. This has allowed, for example, the separation of cells or the orientation and manipulation of nanoparticles…  Although the phenomenon we now call dielectrophoresis was described in passing as far back as the early 20th century, it was only subject to serious study, named and first understood by Herbert Pohl in the 1950s…   biological cells have dielectric properties…”
                                                 watts in a name?
                                                 “Now swift the days of manhood haste away
                                                 And misery’s pressure turns the temples gray
                                                 The woman’s hands an ample casket bear–she lifts the lid–
                                        she scatters ills in air” (Hesiod. 2nd century)
 In Greek myth, Pandora was the “first woman”, made and sent by the gods to the brother of Prometheus, creator of mankind. Prometheus and his brothers were the Titans of legend, punished for rebelling and endowing humans with knowledge and technology. The infamous Box, held in safekeeping by Epimetheus, contained all the undesired and unused commodities available on earth –plague, pestilence, vanity, greed, etc.  It was Epimetheus’s beguiling and curious new companion who freed them from their jar, all except Hope which remained; the last undesirable left sequestered by the ancients.

   Appreciation for Promethean tales goes a long way in describing the interaction of modern titans and weapons systems, both physical and psychological. It was the Rockefellers, after all, who centered their first premier building project around “Radio City” and erected a golden Prometheus to rule over it.
   At the end of Pandora’s operational years, a symposium was held in Richmond VA at the Virginia Medical College, an institution largely owing its existence to Robert E. Lee’s chief surgeon, Simon Baruch, father of the financier Bernard Baruch.  The September 1969 meeting “marked a long overdue turning point in the general attitutde of American scientists” according to Paul Brodeur –the ‘turning point’ resulting in a general call for research and funding– but it was also an enduring demarcation of “battle lines”.  A notable quote in Zapping states, “At the Richmond symposium, Dr. [Lawrence] Sher objected strongly to the use of the term ‘flaccid paralysis’ to describe the limp and unmoving condition of rats that had been exposed to four and six-tenths [4.6] milliwatts per square centimeter” [p121] Lawrence Sher was a Project Pandora advisory member and ‘flaccid paralysis’ had already been assigned as a new designation for polio. (It’s still the same today ; associated with encephalitis, meningitis, West Nile, “a severe asymmetric process affecting anterior horn cells and/or their axons” Battle lines had everything to do with preserving tenuous victories. Not even Paul Brodeur ventured beyond the designated language.
                                                          Egyptian auditorium, Richmond, built 1845
            Baruch Auditorium: “The building has been compared to the Temple of Horus at Edfu…  At Founders’ Day exercises held at the Egyptian Building, 5 December 1940, historian Dr. Wyndham Blanton commented to alumni and guests:”What old Nassau Hall is to Princeton, what the Wren Building is to William and Mary, what the Rotunda is to the University of Virginia, the Egyptian Building is to the Medical College of Virginia. It is a shrine, a sanctuary of tradition, the physical embodiment of our genius. It is a spiritual heritage.”
Interior image of the wall sconces:
…And so, the Richmond symposium can join the roster of services as another high mass in the temples of science, which symbolically precludes a military conquest. Incidently, Admiral Lewis Strauss (formerly of Kuhn Loeb &Co) and chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission was a major fundraiser for the Medical College of Virginia, as well as a board trustee.
   Had Paul Brodeur made the essential connection for his readers that flaccid paralysis was polioby another name, the public might have paid better attention to his arguments and learned that polio is a radiation disease. Possibly he didn’t know it himself, but the familiar and near-recent campaign of the Salk vaccine, funded by the March of Dimes, that had repurposed its mission to birth defects, was foreshadowing the shape of things to come.

   He wrote, “Anxiety about the genetic effects of microwaves first came out into the open in December 1971, when the Electromagnetic Radiation Management Advisory Council..warned that ‘the consequences of undervaluing or misjudging the biological effects..could become a critical problem for the public health, especially if genetic effects are involved.’” [p132] The Council “knew from data presented at the Richmond symposium of 1969 that microwave radiation had induced chromosomal abnormalities in kangaroo-rat cell cultures, and that the researchers who conducted these studies had found that ‘the types of chromosome aberrations observed..are the same as those induced by ionizing radiation in other organisms including humans.’ At least one of its members [Herbert Pollack] knew about the secret tests for genetic damge that the State Department had been running on its Moscow employees. As for the genetic problem, the official minutes of the Project Pandora meeting of April 21, 1969 are revealing. For one thing, they clearly show that..DARPA was aware of the implications of the five-year-old findings of Dr. [Abraham] Lilienfeld –that ’18 out of 25 mongoloid children had fathers who had been exposed to radar’…it is the following paragraph, from the minutes of the April 1969 meeting, which consitutes the ‘smoking gun’ of the State Department’s genetic cover-up: ‘Dr. Pollack reported the studies of Dr. Jacobson at George Washington University who has studied young women returning from [the] embassy in Moscow… [of]One hundred and forty blood samples..examined over a four-year period…Four of them reportedly showed serious chromosomal abnormalities.’ “ [p133]
   The women victims of the Moscow Signal were having their blood taken by Dr. Cecil Bryan Jacobson, a reproductive geneticist who later opened an infertility clinic in Vienna Virginia. Pandora’s Dr. Jacobson ascended to national infamy in 1992 when he was convicted of 52 charges of mail fraud, wire fraud and perjury, conducted through his business.
                                                           Dr. Jacobson
Most people will remember Jacobson for claiming to have fathered 75 children among his clinical patients. “Blood work” was obviously not his specialty, and all we can really know about the Project is that it didn’t end in 1969.
   “Dr. Jacobson..used hormone injections to create symptoms resembling pregnancy. With many patients he pointed out an insignificant image on a sonogram and told the patient that it was the image of a fetus. When he finally had to tell the women they were not pregnant, he told them their babies were dead and that the fetuses would “resorb” back into the bodies. Then he could begin a new round of hormone injections and pregnancy tests… Dr. Jacobson had mailed fraudulent insurance claims and bills… Jacobson also had committed wire fraud by phoning his patients to schedule appointments for fraudulent treatments.”; this while he “operated a fertility clinic in Vienna, Va., from 1976 to 1988” just as news of the Moscow Signal went public.
Project Pandora, 1962-1966 source document from Johns Hopkins notes the use of 2.4 GHz (then standard for radar and current for microwave ovens and tag-reader devices) in irradiation experiments on rabbits. Other signal descriptions offer the range of frequencies beween 2 and 4 GHz and FM (modulated) dual signals. An historical note is added that “The term Project Bizarre is not a separate project but was a code name for a special access category within the Pandora Project.”


  1. Maser

    “A maser is a device that produces coherent electromagnetic waves through amplification by stimulated emission. Historically, the word “maser” is derived from the original upper-case acronym MASER, which stands for “Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation”.
    [ … ]


    The theoretical principles describing the operation of a maser were described by Nikolay Basov and Alexander Prokhorov from Lebedev Institute of Physics at an All-Union Conference on Radio-Spectroscopy held by the USSR Academy of Sciences in May 1952.
    [ … ]”

    in short a microwave oven with one side open, which not only sends microwaves, but a coherent beam of microwaves with a scalable longrange density to effectuate the desirable effect.


    Robert M. Stockmann – RHCE
    Network Engineer – UNIX/Linux Specialist

    Comment by rmstock — September 25, 2012 @ 11:29 pm | Reply

    • Yes, the laser’s mommy– a directed energy microwave oven. I’ll pull a few quotes for you from Brodeur’s book on early radar injuries. We won’t have to guess how “Pandora” got its name– usually, in my experience, covert programs take a name that has operational significance. If the secret stuff was about behavior they could have called it “Pullstring” or “Gumby”, but, no –Pandora was very appropriate.
      caught in the beam:
      “In 1954 Dr. John T. McLaughlin, a surgeon in Glendale CA, treated a Hughes Aircraft Company radar repairman who had unwittingly exposed himself to the beam of a radar transmitter… the case at hand [was described] as ‘a which the patient died from tissue destruction caused by absorption of microwave energy… A 42-year-old white man, while doing work, stood directly in the beam..within ten feet of the antenna. In a few seconds he had a sensation of heat in the abdomen..[which became] intolerable in less than a minute and he moved away from the antenna. Within 30 minutes he had acute abdominal pain and vomited… an hour after exposure he was in a state of mild shock… Upon examination..the patient was immediately admitted to hospital… The stomach was greatly distended… The general appearance of the abdomen [on x-ray] was considered consistant with acute peritonitis. X-ray films of the chest showed considerable cardiac enlargement… [surgical specimens were taken]…The patient continued in shock and died in 24 hours.’ According to Dr. McLaughlin’s article..specimens..indicated peritonitis in the small intestine…the spleen [was] twice its normal size..and hemorrhaging. Swelling was noted throughout the small bowel and red lesions were found in every square centimeter of the intestinal lining… [McLaughlin wrote]..’In the case reported here, the sudden onset with sensation of unbearable heat, the cooked, hemorrhagic appearance of the small bowel..all point to the local absorption of heat..with some generalized whole body radiation effect appearing in the myocardium, liver and spleen…’ ”
      Dr. McLaughlin was to contribute many observations over the next years and publish his statements in 1962, writing “There is a proved synergism and antagonism between various forms of radiation… This [MW,RF] form of energy should be afforded the same respect as other energetic radiations such as x-rays, gamma rays, and neutrons.”
      pages 190-195, The Zapping of America
      Germaine to this post and Project Pandora is a document from an Air Force official listing the development of space weapons; [section IV] “In 1917, Albert Einstein developed the theoretical foundation of the laser when he predicted a new process called “stimulated emission.” It was not until 1958 that A. Schawlow and C. H. Townes actually built a device that utilized this theory and successfully exploited Einstein’s work…” meaning a functional laser, I assume. Schawlow and Townes are on the record for building a working maser prototype over the course of 1953-54 and it was they who patented the maser in 1958. “The E Bomb” author Doug Beason credits “H. Motz and a team of collaborators” [p61] who achieved coherent [directed] radiation with a linear accelerator in 1953. Beason further records the first laser beam success in May 1960 by Theodore Maiman at Hughes Research Laboratory, Malibu.
      Directly relating to creation of the space weapons document is the guidance of Lawrence Sher, presuming he’s the same Pandora adviser who argued against using the polio (re)name ‘flaccid paralysis’ in the study data.
      “Einstein can be considered as the father of the laser. 80 years ago he postulated photons and stimulated emission and won the Nobel Prize for related research on the photoelectric effect… All lasers contain an energized substance that can increase the intensity of light that passes through it. This substance is called the amplifying medium and it can be a solid, a liquid or a gas…”
      So, why masers and lasers are important was their potential as penultimate weapons. Tesla announced his own “death ray” weapon in 1934 and was written up by the New York Times He was immersed in photoelectronics decades ahead of the field, making his own ‘stimulated emission’ cathode tubes and remote control gadgets in the 1880s. (Einstein was born in 1879)Tesla’s chain of support ran through George Westinghouse from his principal financier Kuhn Loeb &Co. I can only guess at the nature of these complex relationships at this point, but I suppose that developments contributed by Irving Langmuir, for example, and the work at Sandia and nearby proving grounds were testing out all these basic electronic principles.(think Roswell) On the biology side, it looks like one has to make painstaking reconstructions from lab work to learn about capabilities. It was always the most secret –Oak Ridge comes to mind. The biology division had the heaviest security.
      Tesla’s death came 35 days after the U.Chicago achievement of a nuclear reactor and his lifework records were of highest priority to the Manhattan Project. Despite the appearances of less-than-ideal organization at the time, early atomic preparation dating back to the 1920s and the rise of particle accelerators dispels any notions of chaos to me. Following along with “radio” developments from X-rays onward enfolds biology work and the pattern of experimentation.
      Other death ray inventors:
      “Harry Grindell Matthews (17 March 1880 – 11 September 1941) was an English inventor who claimed to have invented a death ray in the 1920s…”
      “Antonio Longoria (August 14, 1890 – December 31, 1970) was a scientist who claimed to have invented a death ray in the 1930s…”
      “Edwin R. Scott, an inventor from San Francisco, claimed he was the first to develop a death ray that would destroy human life and bring down planes at a distance…”
      ..and so on.
      This one’s interesting:1928 “BERLIN, June 3.–The discovery of a new “death ray,” capable of destroying, though not intended to destroy, human life, has just been announced by Dr. Graichen, a young physicist and engineer employed as an experimenter by the Siemens Halske Electric Company.”
      Herman Schwan worked for Siemens Halske in the high voltage lab.
      Back to biophysics….the ‘establishment’ had to defend its standard:
      Lawrence Sher and H.P. Schwan collaborated on this mw study: …”Using pearl-chain formation as a model effect…we show that the American National Standards Institute’s radiation protection guide obviates the production of genetic effects in man, if they exist, via field-induced force effects… Current interest in pearl-chain formation is related to its candidacy as a significant nonthermal biological effect of microwave radiation… [We do] not exclude the possibility that for an unusual pulsed system the field might be more effective in producing pearl chains than..its thermal potential would indicate…”
      Much as Schwan articulated reaching a new threshold, as in metabiology, the criteria of radiation exposure ‘limits’ was viewed as the margin wherein power density would fail to produce lasting rearrangements of molecules –that’s it, a tissue engineer’s valuation. Frequency work by this time was hotly pursuing the constructive aspects of microwaves.

      Comment by jenniferlake — September 26, 2012 @ 2:26 am | Reply

  2. Excellent info, Jen. just astonishing how much evidence they have left lying around about what they knew and when they knew it. we can only imagine how much damage we have suffered, especially all the generations born since the 1960s. it could be that hardly anyone alive today in the western world is functioning from their full human capacity, due to the constant exposure to these frequencies.

    Comment by AP — October 21, 2012 @ 11:43 pm | Reply

    • Hey– nice to see you AP! And I agree about the evidence which is abundant enough to make my head swim. It makes the areas of lack on the Accountability front particularly noticeable.

      Comment by jenniferlake — October 22, 2012 @ 1:09 pm | Reply

  3. Dear Jennifer,

    It is difficult to restrain my outrage about a particular detail that you “gleaned” from Herman Schwan’s recollections regarding Boris Rajewsky, specifically how he became director of the Biophysics Institute in Frankfurt thanks to a certain coterie of Russian friends. You say that Rajewsky “ultimately attained the directorship of the Biophysics Institute through a form of placement initiated by his communist friends, Alexander Janitsky and the Joliot-Curies in Paris.” I would like to know exactly what research tools you used to generate your assumption that Alexander Janitzky was a communist. I know nothing of the Joliot-Curies’ political preferences, but I can certainly speak for Alexander Janitzky’s position. Growing up, I often heard my father mention Boris Rajewsky, as well as Friedrich Dessauer, both of whom he knew personally. He always seemed sympathetic toward Dessauer, often mentioning the radiation burns that poor Dessauer suffered from, but it was with a certain feeling of resentment that he spoke of Boris Rajewsky, whom he saw as an opportunist and careerist who joined the Nazi party in order to advance his career. My grandfather, Alexander Janitzky, was never a communist. How could he have been? As someone with a higher education — in physics — and not being part of the “proletariat,” he was, according to Lenin, an “insect” to be liquidated. Realizing that his life was in danger, he — and so many others with a similar fate — fled Russia for good shortly after the Bolshevik Revolution, literally on foot and with the clothes on their back. He did not even have a chance to say goodbye to his wife and their first son, and it was not until several years later that they were reunited in Germany where my father was born. Alexander Janitzky was not a communist, and for that matter, nor did he ever show any aspirations to join the Nazi party while working at the Biophysics Institute in Frankfurt. He died in 1943, when my father was seventeen. My mother’s side of the family also fled from Russia, but later, in the 1940’s. They were persecuted too, this time by Stalin. I was born in the United States, and in elementary school the other kids would call me a “little Commie” or a “Russian spy.” How ironic. It is not so much that I was upset at being teased, but rather felt doomed by their historical ignorance.

    Did you check your facts, Jennifer, before posting your blog? Or do you assume that everybody from Russia is a communist?

    I would be extremely grateful if you would consider removing the word “communist” while describing my grandfather, Alexander Janitzky. At the same time — and I am afraid I can’t offer much — I am more than happy to share with you whatever my father may have told me years ago.

    Thank you,

    Andre Janitzky

    Davis, California

    Comment by Andre Janitzky — May 3, 2016 @ 12:55 pm | Reply

    • Hello Andre, thank you for writing and informing me about your grandfather. I appreciate how personal this is. Unfortunately, in answering you, I can’t retrace my steps without the notes I prepared for this article which are not handy. But I can say that learning about the individual scientists mentioned in the course of research is often arduous and unfruitful. Maybe you can use your outrage and post some biographical info to the net? –a wikipedia entry perhaps? I have no special access to libraries or unpublished works and must ‘glean’ from available sources on the web, so anything that expands and enlightens the public sphere is a plus, imo. Please accept my apology.

      Comment by jenniferlake — May 10, 2016 @ 1:29 pm | Reply

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