Jennifer Lake's Blog

December 7, 2011

The Disease Continuum

Of all the subject matter in this blog, the collective weight gathers on the topic of the Disease Continuum, so named as a manmade phenomenon of modern times. I’m challenging myself here to grasp its scope, locate its origins, describe its momentum and filter out a sensible narrative.

Like an exhausted competitor in an old-time Depression-era Dance Marathon, I’m leaning hard on my ‘partners’, relying on refreshment and support until the music stops. When it stops (if it stops), the grand prize will be survival –merely that– in a fiction of celebration designed for the desperate by the cruel. Thus, simply, stands my take on the practical medical ‘establishment’ paradigm.

In general terms, the mater materia of the Disease Continuum compares to the elements of the ancients [fire, water, earth, air]; four fundamental essences from which it’ s composed. By disease names they are influenza, polio, cancer and AIDS and together, they forge a Ring of Power in the kingdom of Public Health.

…”One Ring to rule them all and in the darkness bind them”

   Common to the four elements of the Continuum is the eugenical substrate on which they emerge in history; they are timely, political, and as inevitable as the science and industry that sustains them. It should interest us that they are characterized as viral and not the foreign biological intruders we suppose.
   “We have travelled a long way from the mysterious filtrable infective particle of..years ago… [W]e have even the evidence that..portions of certain..viruses can be dissociated and later recombined to form a reconstituted infective particle… Clearly discoveries of this sort are providing the basis for an understanding of the host-virus relationship… For virus multiplication is after all a special case of protein biosynthesis… We seem thus to have reached a point at which biochemical and biophysical studies of viruses have really come into their own and offer the greatest prospects of advance.”
–Sir Charles Harington, March 1956,
Ciba Foundation Symposium at the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Mill Hill London [ref. The Nature of Viruses, 1956, Little Brown & Co.]
*
From the same publication, Sweden’s polio researcher Sven Gard wrote, “The question of the kinetics of chemical virus inactivation has become a problem of more than academic interest after the occurrance in the USA of inoculation poliomyelitis in children vaccinated with formalin-treated virus… Salk (1956) has repeatedly stated that inactivation of polio virus by formaldehyde (F) runs the course of a first order reaction.  At the Third International Poliomyelitis Conference in Rome in 1954 I pointed out that the Swedish observations did not conform with this statement (Gard, 1955). On the contrary, we had found a systematic and consistently reproducible deviation...”  http://polioforever.wordpress.com/polio-vaccine/
   Work on polioviruses helped to prove that intestinal “Enteroviruses can infect all tissues of the human body. The tropism of each virus for certain tissues is not well understood…”. Reconstituting pathogens in the form of gut bacteria and viruses was learned early. Simon Flexner designed experiments in 1897 to alter the properties of harvested human colon bacilli and turn them virulent several years before he became the director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. Flexner’s cadavers in 1890s Baltimore, taken to the labs of the newly medicalized Johns Hopkins University, were mostly victims of pneumonia and influenza, a ready surfeit of bodies that littered the northern port cities of industrial America.  https://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2009/07/30/enter-o-viruses/
*
Dr. Nancy Banks writes in AIDS, Opium, Diamonds and Empire on cancer and AIDS, ..”new research suggests that ..[what] may be the primary cause of malignant growth..[is] the reduced efficiency of mitochondrial energy conversion as the result of oxidative/nitrosative stress… What is becoming imminently more difficult to suppress is the evidence that impaired mitochondrial metabolism, and specifically the Krebs cycle activity, may promote malignant growth… People diagnosed with AIDS are in a hypercatabolic low oxygen state where the body becomes exhausted in attempting to repair itself.” As she explains, “no virus need apply”. [p58]
… “There is no scientific data validating the contention that what is currently referred to as HIV is, in fact, a virus! …The goal was perception management… [and] the proteins claimed to be specific for HIV are universally present in everyone.” [pp306-308]
… Dr. Banks treats readers to a quote from Peter Duesberg: “Even very few oncogenic retroviruses –those endowed with cancer genes– hardly play a role as carcinogens for two reasons. First, viral cancer genes accidentally acquired are never kept by retroviruses after they are generated because they are entirely useless to the virus… Second, even if a rare oncogenic retrovirus infects an immunocompetent animal, a small tumor will appear within days after the infection, only to disappear again as the animal develops antiviral immunity. Antiviral immunity kills both the virus and all virus-infected cells.” [p54, AIDS, Opium, Diamonds and Empire] https://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2011/01/05/immortal-cancer/
*
   So all is not peace and harmony in the Disease Continuum. But we should remember the words of H.R. Shepherd, 1993 founding chairman of the Sabin Vaccine Institute:  “Vaccines are the most powerful tool available to equalize the health of human beings in every corner of the world. Enlightened leaders understand the power of vaccines to help bring peace and opportunity to the most troubled places…” http://polioforever.wordpress.com/sabin-vaccine-institute/
   No story of great or worldly achievement in the 20th century seems complete or soluble without a reconciliation to public medicine. It electrifies the most compelling events of our time like the JFK assassination. https://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2011/11/06/the-jfk-conspiracy-con/
   Edward Mandell House, the intimate alter-ego and adviser to Woodrow Wilson, was reputed to have said (prior to WWI), “Very soon, every American will be required to register their biological property in a national system designed to keep track of the people… They will be our chattel… stripped of their rights and given a commercial value…”
   Without this knowledge can we know anything about the new designs of peace and opportunity planned for the 21st?
 As is my recent posting custom, this article is going to grow long and thick expositioning currents of power and change in the methods of modern disease.
*
For a blog review that covers a lot of disease-continuum content, read here https://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2011/03/31/apocalypse/
                                                ____________________________________
* 
“Throughout history, infectious diseases have killed more soldiers than have weapons… It has always been very hazardous to be a soldier.. but in recent decades the greatest risk seems to be carried by civilians… In 1993, the World Bank provided one of the first attempts to combine both death and suffering into a single number to represent the burden of disease (Disability Adjusted Life Years, or DALYs)… They found in 1990 a total of 1.4 billion DALYs lost in the world. Twenty-four different conditions each accounted for more than one percent of that total. Five of these 24 conditions involved violence: automobile injuries, falls, homicide, suicide, and war… The five violence conditions were second only to respiratory diseases..” –pages 4-5, War and Public Health, 1997, editors Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel
So, there’s your commercial value –the unit measure of productivity representing your (everyone’s) worth.
*
INFLUENZA, notoriously lethal as the 1918 Spanish Flu, became a very interesting disease in the pandemic of 1889-1893, known as the Russian Flu: “The pandemic spread rapidly, taking only 4 months to circumnavigate the planet, peaking in the United States 70 days after the original peak in St. Petersburg.” http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20421481
An 18 page document describing the collective experiences of doctors with 6,000 Philadelphia patients notes that “The most important symptoms were undoubtedly those connected with the nervous system, and it is a serious question whether all the symptoms were not due primarily to derangement of that system.” http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2526633/?page=2
…”The duration varied from one week to three months of more…The sputum..was frequently noticed to be quite black from minute particles resembling soot or coal dust… Insane ideas were acknowledged by many…Fear of going crazy was excessively frequent… Vertigo was common… Violent headache..often continued for months… Cases which were left with local or general paralysis were subject as a premonitory symptom to exceptionally violent headache… Sight was often temporarily lost… We noted numbness of the limbs… A sudden loss of power in the limbs was sometimes an initial symptom… In many cases power was lost for long periods– ten months or a year, and sometimes it seems, permanently… For months after apparent recovery, fatigue or exposure would bring on exhaustion… Sustained thought was often utterly impossible… in effort there was a sudden slowing down of the heart… Heart-failure caused most of the deaths in the earlier part of the first year’s epidemic… The influenza type seemed to be stamped upon all diseases, modified them, and caused confusion in diagnosis… In what light are we to regard the persistent occurrance of innumerable paralyses of involuntary muscles? The list is too full to be accidental –bronchial, vesicular, ocular, intercostal, cardiac, gastric, biliary, hepatic, vascular, intestinal and rectal. These occur at once to the mind, and do they not indicate some disorder, some disarrangement, some alteration or possession of the nerve-centres and nerve-trunks concerned in the vital processes of the economy?” http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2526633/?page=17
   Spanish Flu was another complex of neurological, hemorrhagic, and mixed illnesses confounded in wartime with lingering and permanent disabilities in survivors. I wrote of it here https://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2009/07/18/tracking-the-spanish-flu/ as an additional consequence of nitrate toxicosis, opening material for this blog as the H1N1 was advancing. My look back in history then, at influenza, was also looking like polio and AIDS moreso than any respiratory disease. Spanish Flu was a special case, rather a complicated set of conditions, and could not be a beginning for the “DC” but its extension. The pandemic of 1889, however, distinguishes itself with consistency as a conumdrum of “confusion in diagnosis”. The Philadelphians wrote, “The initial nasal cartarrh so associated with the name of influenza as to be popularly synonymous with it, often failed to appear early and was manifested later amid other affectations… vertigo and unsteady gait [was how] some cases began their attacks (in the first year) and in relapses these symptoms were often forerunners of renewed attack… The influenzal poison, whatever its nature, exhibits in protracted cases a likeness to malarial poisoning in symptoms and length of duration… The most severe and protracted cases were generally in the educated classes… Influenza cannot be a filth disease, as its initial outbreak was among the wealthy rather than the poor.
   Suggestive of something malaria-like, the Pennsylvania doctors concluded uncertainly that they were dealing with a bloodborne agent vectored similarly (by mosquitos) in a fashion of today’s West Nile Virus. Interest in the Russian Flu has revived since 2009 “reinforced by..the work of French epidemiologist Alain-Jacques Valleron from the Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale in Paris.” http://www.elementshealthspace.com/2010/06/03/the-russian-pandemic-of-1889-and-the-h1n1-pandemic-of-200910/  Valleron’s research is visualized in a short (and silent) video clip displaying a progressive ground-zero approach to the spread of 1889 Russian Flu: http://212.193.9.230/import/2010_50_Id_en/file049.pdf
   What is most interesting to me about the flu pandemic is that it followed so closely on the heels of the world’s first major polio epidemics in Sweden, which occurred in Stockholm shortly after modern vaccination practices came into being. Vaccination’s foremost advocate, Pasteur, found an institutional home in Paris during 1887-1888 with an international cast of fellows and more interesting still, the first credited scientist to isolate virus with disease-transmitting filtrate, Dimitri Ivanovsky, joined the University of St. Petersburg in 1887. By 1892, botanist Ivanovsky had proved his transmissable”virus” theory with the Tobacco Mosaic Virus, marking the birth of virology in history.
   The next year, 1893, with the Russian Flu still circulating, the United States had its first recorded outbreaks of epidemic polio.
*
POLIO (poliomyelitis) was a bugaboo of unknown causes when it emerged in the 19th century, called infantile paralysis for its most recognizable signs as a children’s disease. In this “golden age” of medicine (referring to the next link), a sparse timeline which appears dedicated to polio demonstrates the importance attached to it, retrospectively.
   “Confusion in diagnosis”, however, is polio’s outstanding historical feature. Even as late as the public distribution of Salk’s polio vaccine (the IPV) in 1955, polio was often diagnosed as grippe –the French-language equivalent of influenza– with significant intestinal involvement. Albert Sabin proved in 1947 that (enough) polioviruses caused grippe. For the longest time what could not be proven was that polioviruses caused polio.
   Researcher/author Jim West writes, “Mainstream science admits that most viruses are harmless, yet the word “virus ” adds to a biased and highly promoted language of fear regarding natureearly virus studies considered virus filtrates to be a poison… My site has several articles by the Nobel Laureate Alexis Carrel regarding injections of highly dilute poisons, similar to formaldehyde in Salk vaccine, which was 1:4000 concentration. Carrel injected carcinogens at 1:5000 to 1:250000 and caused reliably, cancer in chickens… Central nervous system diseases other than polio continue in the U.S. and throughout the world: acute flaccid paralysis, chronic fatigue syndrome, encephalitis, meningitis, muscular sclerosis… The unique correlations between CNS disease and CNS toxins present a variety of research opportunities not only in medical science, but political science, philosophy, media studies, psychology, and sociology.http://www.whale.to/a/west_h.html
   Mr. West’s well made and far-reaching point, unfortunately, is just not far-reaching enough. Janine Roberts, too, followed the West path, augmenting the polio resources and writing, “I had begun my research by looking at the many contaminants in the vaccine, but finally was forced to conclude: 1) that polio..was not primarily caused by the nominated ‘poliovirus’ –but primarily by human environmental pollution, particularly..insecticides… 2) that the disease was not stopped by the vaccine, but many cases were deliberately hidden by relabelling it –this led to the vaccine being attributed with a fictitious victory…[and]… 3) that polio might well be curable –if it is treated as a toxin-caused disease.” http://www.sparks-of-light.org/poliomyth.html  Broadly speaking, all diseases not classed as genetic in origin are toxin-caused. The statements above are a benign way of not being wrong but they’re also a clever way of not being forthright. Perhaps for some researchers it’s a beginning –not my beginning– that ‘settles’ prematurely.
*
The first recorded U.S. outbreak was in 1841 in West Feliciana, Louisiana (10 cases, no deaths). There was a half-century gap until the next cluster, in 1893 in Boston (26 cases, no deaths). Then, in 1894, came what is widely regarded as the first major epidemic, in Rutland and Proctor, Vermont (132 cases, 18 deaths). Thirty more outbreaks – from such seemingly disparate locations as Oceana County, Michigan, and California’s Napa Valley — were reported in the United States through 1909. The worst by far was New York in 1907, with 2,500 cases and a five percent mortality rate, a harbinger of the 1916 epidemic… Setting aside for now the 1841 Louisiana outbreak, reported retrospectively, something seems to have happened around 1890 to launch The Age of Polio in the United States. And something else must have changed around the end of World War II to create the large modern epidemics seared into the minds of older Americans, thousands of whom are poliomyelitis survivors and almost all of whom know someone who was afflicted.” http://www.ageofautism.com/2011/09/the-age-of-polio-how-an-old-virus-and-new-toxins-triggered-a-man-made-epidemic-1.html
  The authors and editors of ‘age of autism’, Dan Olmstead and Mark Blaxill, cite West and Roberts in an exemplary description of early pesticide-caused polio (from 1893 onwards, incriminating the poisons arsenic, lead, mercury and DDT) and then appear to lose track of the subject –polio– and follow pesticides, venturing conclusions that neither West nor Roberts suggest: “To summarize our theory: Polio is a virus, contagious like all viruses… When it is introduced into the human body, it has the capacity to enter the nervous system when nerves are damaged. Damage can occur many ways: mechanically through needle puncture or surgery, or, we propose, biochemically via pesticidal or other toxic exposure. Once the virus enters the nervous system, it becomes dangerous..[and] spreads through the nervous system via “retrograde axonal transport… lead[ing] to paralysis or death.”
   The failures and limitations of polio researchers presented so far unanimously neglect to actually follow the occurrence of the disease –if they did, they would fall over a body of evidence that associates polio with influenza and the most potent of co-factors that is a cause on its own, radiation. This was my beginning, and it immediately opened not just a door on disease, but a dimension. Welcome to the continuum…
*
THE POLIO TIMELINE is an expanding resource that initially listed polio incidence but is growing to accommodate the confluence of factors in the DC: http://polioforever.wordpress.com/polio-timeline/
*

“We have the capacity to ignore the obvious, to become fatalistic about what we do not understand, and to accept because of familiarity what should not be acceptable” –p3, War and Public Health

(post in progress– I’ve been temporarily diverted by Manipulative Extraterrestrials https://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2012/04/23/those-manipulative-extraterrestrials/
but I will return…)
Advertisements

September 12, 2009

Global Emerging Infections System

The Global Emerging Infections System (GEIS) was originally created in 1995 by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), supervised by the Pentagon‘s “top doc”, the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs) or as the documents refer to the job, the ASD(HA), when new mandates expanded the military’s Defense Medical Surveillance System beyond its role of managing the Dept. of Defense Serum Repository (DoDSR), itself established to archive the physical specimens of military personnel in the wake of HIV/AIDS. The focus of GEIS is to maintain a worldwide state-of-the-art laboratory network with its partners –the W.H.O., the CDC, and the host nations’ research infrastructure. Part of the story is available from the federally-funded RAND study of 2008, http://www.scrbd.com/doc/15240085/usrandpandemicflustudy2008
Influenza surveillance programs sponsored by GEIS are primariliy laboratory based [with a] focus on collection and characterization of viral isolates sampled from military and civilian populations from approximately 273 participating sites in 56 countries in FY06 [Fiscal Year 2006], with an additional 38 sites in 9 countries that were added in FY07. Permanent overseas medical research laboratories are located in Egypt [the largest], Indonesia, Kenya, Peru and Thailand, and serve as collaborative centers with host nation research entities, the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. These research centers host the GEIS surveillance functions for DoD.”

In this website, http://www.afhsc.mil/About_GEIS.asp, money to support this global network records that, “In FY06 GEIS received congressional supplemental funding for pandemic and avian influenza which represented a fivefold increase in the annual GEIS budget…” Supplemental?!! ..Meanwhile…the domestic public health laboratories were on a down-spiral of cutbacks as the APHL webpage illustrates (see Pandemic Unfolding, http://www.aphl.org/AboutAPHL/publications/Pages/LMFeatSummer2009.aspx) so much so that by Mar/Apr and the arrival of the long-awaited pandemic, the public lab system scurried to enlist the resources of other U.S. programs, “Medicare and Medicaid Services, for example, [which] delayed its routine regulatory surveys and suspended influenza proficiency testing in state labs during the crisis.”…”Fiscal downsizing cost the the Washington D.C. and 50 state labs about 185 staff positions in the first quarter of this year, on top of significant losses last year.” Back in 2006, while GEIS was quintupling its annual budget…”FY06..the federal government disseminated $225 million to states for pandemic influenza preparedness through the Public Health Emergency Preparedness Grant, although public health laboratories received few of these dollars. No funds were allocated in FY08.”…”The emergency supplemental appropriations bill signed June 24 [2009] includes 260 million of immediately available funding for state and local..activities…Unfortunately, only a portion of $65 million will be spent on laboratories…public health laboratories were substantially left out of the federal stimulus package enacted in February..[The National Institutes of Health, by comparison, rec’d $10 billion in stimulus funding].”

ABC news reported on April 29 “To fight the epidemic, the Obama administration is asking Congress for 1.5 billion…to enhance our nation’s capability to respond to the potential threat of this outbreak. The government’s request underscores how seriously US officials are treating the threat.” http://abcnews.go.com/Health/SwineFlu/story?id=7456439&page=1. Yes, it does indeed. Americans are accustomed to measuring ‘seriousness’ in dollars.

In the http://www.afhsc.mil/About_GEIS.asp page, the reason for the existence of the GEIS program is summed up by its director, CAPT Kevin Russell, MD : “The victory over infectious disease that we thought we had from the antibiotic era showed our understanding of infectious disease was arrogant, and it was incomplete.” He doesn’t mention exactly when he thinks the antibiotic era ended, or how the global system is going to resolve the incompleteness, but as the 2008 RAND study highlights, the DoD is demonstrating its preparedness by the quality of the surveillance: laboratory-based surveillance.

What follows are highlights from 33 pages of a meeting address given by Col. Loren Erickson to a professional military-associated audience on May 23, 2007 describing the scope and activities of GEIS (pages 14-47)
http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2601521/THE-DEPARTMENT-OF–DEFENSE-TASK-FORCE-ON-THE-FUTURE-OF-MILITARY

—[presenting a photo slide show]…”this is our new home..just outside the beltway [in Wash.DC] within site of the Mormon Temple…This in fact will be probably the first home of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, a new entity which is expected to take shape in the coming months. This will not be an operations center, but rather a communications center which will handle the flow of information for outbreak investigations…
…just to let you know, we are working at an interagency level on a weekly basis, working a lot of very strategic issues…

We have a collaboration going on with NASA at the present time where they use a variety of modalities of satellite imagery and modeling..

…and we’re looking again at respiratory disease…In Afghanistan..we might have pertussis…Adenovirus as you’ve been previously briefed by Kevin Russell, continues to be a problem at our basic training posts…hepatitis E is a concern of ours in deployed forces…these are just some of the ticklers…

[page 20] Let me talk about some of the relationships that GEIS is forming…
..with France [tropical medicine institute in Marseilles, part of Pasteur]…Places like French Guiana in the northern part of South America is actually considered part of the country of France. It’s called a Departement. It’s not a colony…
…[Africa] last year, 20,000 cases of meningococcal disease in the Ivory Coast, and this included 1,600 deaths…

…work that GEIS is doing also with the State Health Department in Bavaria…the Germans’ work is nearly always with the U.N. They have some very interesting lab capabilities with the Microbiology Institute in Munich. The director is Colonel Dr. Finke…[who] prior to reunification of Germany was actually head of the BW Program for East Germany so he has tremendous background in plague…

Let me move on and talk in particular about flu very quickly…documents that many of you are aware of from the White House, the National Strategy. Stemming from that was the National Implementation Plan which had a total of 323 tasks that were given to the cabinet-level secretaries. Of those 323 tasks, 114 of those came to the Dept. of Defense [DoD]…six of those relate to the work of GEIS.

[page 25] We do 3 types of lab-based surveillance for flu, and I am going to go through each of these very quickly. We are collecting isolates from 56 countries [9 more countries were added in 2007] and I can tell you that I think that’s more than any other entity on the face of the planet right now…
…We also do special population-based surveillance at the basic training sites…In addition we now are putting PCR machines aboard some of the ships that are part of these three different fleets…we need to know what’s going on, and we need good answers.

..Central Europe [EUCOM] is now participating in laboratory base surveillance. They do ILI surveillance [InfluenzaLike Illness]…isolates are sent to the Primary Reference Lab which is now at Landstuhl.

A couple of things that were different in terms of seasonal flu epidemiology this year, the predominant strain of flu in the States was an H1 whereas in Europe it was an H3…

…internationally..I’ll just talk about flu…[there’s] work that’s going on regionally in Nepal and Thailand…a new effort going on in Cebu City in the Philippines…
There’s a big question as to why have we not seen bird flu yet in the Philippines…everything is there…Maybe we haven’t been looking hard enough…we’re building up a BSL-3 lab there for their use as well.

In Indonesia..exactly a year ago..[in] the northern part of Sumatra, not so far as Banda Aceh where the tsunami was, but a part of the same island..this family..died of H5N1…
…obviously of international concern because we went to look, and this was a team effort with W.H.O., C.D.C. and members of the Navy lab, at the chickens and the pigs, they were not able to isolate H5N1…this may be a lead for future research, that there may be certain genetic elements to who gets sick and how severe their illness is…

There’s a lot of work that we’re doing in South America. We went to Buenos Aires…in the Andean Ridge countries, helping them to build their own capacity…but in addition to collecting isolates. Beyond that, new effort is in fact working with Billy Koresh with the Wildlife Conservancy doing bird surveillance…but in addition looking for other new novel influenza viruses.

In Kenya we have..the largest influenza surveillance effort in sub-Sahara Africa…We intend in the coming months to expand to Uganda and Cameroon…in the month of June I’ll be making a trip..to confirm the preparation…We’re also looking to go to Nigeria. As many of you know, we have an extensive DoD HIV presence in many countries as far as PETFAR and DEHAP…

[page 31] A real workhorse for us is the Cairo lab in Egypt, working in many countries. They have the unique position of being the Eastern Mediterranean Regional office for W.H.O. for influenza. So when you hear about flu in Turkey or the Stans or in Egypt, any of those EMROC related countries, the Cairo lab is the one that has done the the diagnostic work, period…they are the ones..to actually do the investigation…They are the ones to detect and confirm H5N1 in poultry in Ghana…in this next year they’ll be collecting even more specimens. It’s becoming quite an industry for them.

…we have an ongoing collaboration with Global Health, with Dr. Steve Blount at the Centers for Disease Control…we talk to them on the phone on a regular basis. They have a parallel program called Global Disease Detection which looks alot like GEIS, but it’s CDC. We are collaborating with them. In fact, they have an individual who is now assigned to the Cairo lab to help the CDC start to build some of their efforts in that country and in that region…[and] other isolates and other work that is occurring along the Nile.

[Question and Answer segment]:
…they do have the ability in many of these labs to do their own virology work, higher-level diagnostics. But we work closely with the CDC to make sure that we’re matching…
…the only place that we’ve had any issues right now have been Jakarta…Of course, the international health regulations that the W.H.O. is promulgating call for the sharing of isolates…It certainly hasn’t stopped our progress, but it underscores the importance of having a full-functioning BSL-3 in a country so that if the isolates can’t leave, at least we’re able to work with the virus locally…But..that’s a burgeoning issue.

[regarding numbers of GEIS personnel, Col. Erickson replies]..At my immediate reach I’ve got about 15 people at the GEIS headquarters…you won’t see a whole lot of people, but very senior people who are managing the network. Across the network..literally thousands of individuals…there is not a set training for people to belong to GEIS. There are training programs for those who are working in the labs…

[regarding the inclusion of China]..We’ve had a number of good contacts..

[the Questioner says] I had an opportunity to look at [the new GEIS command facility] with Dr. Poland and it’s one of those gee-whiz–wow things..very state-of-the-art…at what point would you activate that COM center..in other words, the size of the outbreak?
[Col. Erickson response]..In the coming months we’re going to be practicing with the technology…we’ll be doing some notional exercises. My sense is when we reach the point where we have an outbreak, and it could be any emerging infectious disease but flu is the one for which it is funded, at that point..where we need to have situational awareness 24/7, that’s really the point…

[page 42, the Questioner says]..the other thing that’s happening now, there is a movement afoot politically and legislatively for something called One Medicine which is really the notion of veterinary medicine and human medicine [that] have been separated far too long…is there a way to standardize this?
[Col. Erickson replies]..I’ll have to slip you a $20 bill later..you giving me this plug…Three of..my immediate staff are veterinarians. I’ve mentioned Billy Koresh with the Wildlife Conservancy, one of our people brought over from USDA….In fact, this was one of our goals for 2007…it may very well be that within animal populations..would be our early warning.

[regarding the fleet capability of PCR testing, Col Erickson replies]..Just so you know, we’re talking about LightCycler machines, standard PCR methodologies. Not every ship would have them…

________________________________________________________________________________

The LightCycler PCR, made by Roche [Hoffman-LaRoche]https://www.roche-applied-science.com/lightcycler-online/

________________________________________________________________________________

In May of 2007, Col. Loren Erickson said, “We have a collaboration going on with NASA at the present time..” which has been bearing fruit for epidemic surveillance. The January 2010 issue of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene reported that the “collaboration between NASA, USAMRU-K and DoD-GEIS headquarters has developed an effective, satellite-based early warning tool…and is now working to expand its applicability to other climate-dependent epidemic diseases.” http://www.ajtmh.org/content/82/1/23.full

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.