Jennifer Lake's Blog

Timeline 1921–1940

(under construction)
–“The Inquiry” (of E.M. House) becomes the Council on Foreign Relations, 108 original members
–New York City hosts the 2cd Eugenics Conference
–A. Einstein and C. Weizmann visit the US to raise money for Hebrew University in Jerusalem
–Hermann J. Muller states that bacteriophage may be a “free-living gene”
–Alexander Flemming discovers ‘lysozyme’ and publishes “On a Remarkable Bacteriolytic Element Found in Tissues and Secretions”
–Albert Einstein meets a young physicist in Prague who tells him that he has a machine that can demonstrate explosive nuclear power (was it Leo Szilard speaking of fission?), actually an extra release of atomic energy –see Ronald W. Clark, “Einstein, the Life and Times”
–the first vaccine for tuberculosis, ‘BCG’, is used in France
–Russia undergoes a massive famine (1921-1922) that claims 8-10 million lives
–Niels Bohr wins the Nobel Prize for the atomic structure of hydrogen
–Union Miniere du Haut Katanga (est.1906, Belgian Congo) builds its first refinery for uranium ore
–Bernard Flexner founds/chairs the Palestine Economic Corp.
–Theodor von Karman organizes the first conference on ‘applied’ aerodynamics at Innsbruck
–Oct.22, Benito Mussolini leads a march on Rome
–Nov, discovery in Egypt of King Tut’s tomb
–British Empire controls one quarter of the world’s land mass and population
Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
–E.L. Bernays writes “Crystallizing Public Opinion”
–Spanish monarchy ousted by military dictatorship
–passage of US Immigration Act of 1924, defines quotas of “national origins”
–last recorded Bubonic plague in 20th century US, Los Angeles
–MGM Merger: Metro Pictures merged with Goldwyn and Mayer (also producer/distributors) to form Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the production and distribution arm of the Loews theatres.
–physicist Louis de Broglie describes ‘particle wave mechanics’
–psychiatrist Hans Berger records the first human brainwaves and names the proceedure (EEG)
–Music Corporation of America (MCA)talent agency is founded by Julius Caesar Stein; on the rise with radio and Big Bands, by the 1950s, MCA “the Octopus” dominates Hollywood and television
–Iodine added to public drinking water
–‘soft X-rays’ that penetrate 2mm are used for skin disorders
–report published on the medical plight of the Radium Girls, luminous dial painters in New Jersey, who were forced to litigate
–Jabotinsky founds the Zionist “Revisionist Party”
–AT&T establishes the Bell Laboratories
–Dr. James Ewing makes a statement at Lake Mohonk conference, “cancer will be the eliminator of the unfit…”
–discovery of “Newcastle Disease” virus, or “avian paramyxovirus”, tested as biowar agent
–Hermann J. Muller proves radiation cause of inheritable mutations
–Jan 7, first system of transatlantic radio-telephone service inaugurated
–H. J. Muller publishes “Artificial Transmutation of the Gene”, Science 66: 84-87
–May 20, Charles Lindbergh flies across the Atlantic; New York to Paris in 33 hours; wins $25,000 Orteig prize
–Standard Oil and I.G.Farben formalize partnership, Farben perfects “hydrogenated oil”
–“The Jazz Singer” is the first widely seen sound-added ‘talkie’ motion picture
–Buck v. Bell, victory for forced sterilization, upheld by the US Supreme Court
–Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics is founded on the “American model”
–the first Volta Congress of sciences is held in Italy; subject on nuclear physics
–the Great Mississippi Flood
–Robert Goddard, Charles Lindbergh, and Daniel Guggenheim set up a rocket test station in Roswell, New Mexico
–H. Florey and E. Chain ‘breed’ penicillin using X-rays
–women are given ‘therapeutic’ eugenic abortions with X-rays
–fate of the “radium dial painters” is studied by Dr. Robley D. Evans
–Amelia Earhart and 2 men fly across the Atlantic; in 1931 she marries publisher George Putnam (Skull and Bones family)
–Geiger and Muller perfect the ‘scintillometer’ and register cosmic radiation
–Ernest O. Lawrence, “the Atom Smasher”, comes to UCBerkeley
–Oct.11, the Graf Zeppelin airship carries its first transatlantic commercial passengers
–Herbert Hoover wins the US Presidency
–Stalin consolidates his power in the USSR, initiates first ‘5 Year Plan’
–Frederick Griffith discovers ‘transformation’, genetic uptake in streptococcus pneumoniae
–PCBs developed by Swann Chemical Co., later to merge with Monsanto
–artificial life is created (?)
–Stockmarket Crash, begins worldwide Depression: After the 1929 Crash, U.S.”national income dropped from $81 billion in 1929 to $68 billion in 1930, to $53 billion in 1931, and to $41 billion in 1932… during the first three years of the Depression, eighty-five thousand businesses failed, five thousand banks closed, and 9 million savings accounts were wiped out… Radio was the only diversion to prosper during the Great Depression”
–Robert Goddard sends the first scientific payload rocket into space
–US National Institutes of Health created by the Ransdell Act
–Public Health Service engages major hospital-buildng expansion, under US Treasury jurisdiction (Sec.of Treasury Andrew Mellon)
–the Kettering Laboratory is founded at Univ. of Cincinnati; specializes in fluoride
–the jet engine is invented
–founding of the Bank for International Settlements, the central bank for Europe’s central banks
–WORLD POPULATION at 2,070,000,000
–activation of the Irgun (1931-1948)
–F.Macfarlane Burnet isolates human influenza virus
–Hickory No. Carolina has the worst recorded single polio outbreak
–Bell Lab engineer K.G. Jansky builds first radio antennae (100ft. diameter dipole array) for astronomy
–Niels Bohr lecture “Light and Life” suggests complementary processes within biology, chemistry, and physics
–Japanese invade northern China for agricultural expansion, set up puppet-state in Manchuria (Siberian border)
–“fluoride” toxicity becomes widely known in the U.S.
–Canada becomes a major radium producer-exporter, mined from uranium, vanadium, or ‘carnotite’
— “Between 1931 and 1933 the Four  Horsemen ruthlessly cut the price for East Texas crude from $.98/barrel to  $.10/barrel. Many Texas wildcatters were run out of business.”
–the US midwest undergoes the Dust Bowl
–the Ukrainian famine-genocide called the Holodomor begins (1932-33); as many as 8 million ethnic Ukrainians perish from starvation
–vast Texas oilfields discovered (begun in 1901 with Spindletop)
–Homogenization of milk begins, a cause of heart disease
–radiotelescope invented
–Aldous Huxley publishes Brave New World [text>>]
–US national upward spike in polio outbreaks (1931-1932)
–FDR elected US President
–worst year of the global Great Depression
–Jan, Hitler gains the German Chancellory after death of Wilhelm Cuno
–Feb.15, attempted assassination of FDR in Miami, Fla. by Giuseppe Zangara
–Feb.27, burning of the Reichstag, Berlin
–Mar. “Judea Declares War on Germany”
–the “rescue of Jewish scholars” begins
–United States recognizes the USSR
–the USA is declared bankrupt; FDR reorganization; Apr., US citizens are required to trade real gold for gold certificates
–major crime wave of gangsters sweeps the US
–Ernst Ruska develops a workable electron microscope, perfected in 1938
–the third Volta Congress expositions immunology
–passage of the Milk Control Act of 1933, Supreme Court decides Nebbia v. New York
–“The Wilderness Society” is founded by Bob Marshall, son of Louis B. Marshall
–H.G. Wells publishes “The Shape of Things to Come”
–Aug., Bell radio engineer K.G. Jansky discovers signals from the Milky Way
–discovery of Type II diabetes
–Oct., the tandem rotor helicopter designed by Nicolas Florine makes a record flight of 10 minutes near Brussels
–Dec.05, repeal of Prohibition (Volstead Act)
–US, national testing of water fluoridation, seeking “safe” levels
–Enrico Fermi produces transuranic fission
–Leo Szilard patents a nuclear reactor with the British Admiralty
–Weizmann Institute of Science founded, named for Daniel Sieff
–Philo Farnsworth gives the world’s first public demonstration of an all-electronic television system, using a live camera, at the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia on August 25, 1934, and for ten days afterwards
–Los Angeles County Hospital staff sue for damages from polio ‘contagion’, settlement in exchange for silence
–FDR creates the Securities and Exchange Commission, appoints Joseph Kennedy chief
–Oct.9, assassination of Alexander, King of Yugoslavia (Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes)
–Tesla announces the invention of a death ray that can destroy planes from 250 miles away
–Wendall Stanley successfully “powders” infective virus (tobacco mosaic virus)
–March 22, Berlin broadcasts the first made-for-tv television programs
–the fifth Volta Congress in Rome expositions aeronautics and supersonic flight
–Mussolini invades Ethiopia, bordering Italian Somaliland
–chemical contraception ‘birth control’ is practiced with experimental vaccines
–Dr. Percy Brown writes a book about X-ray deaths, martyrs to science, dies himself of same
–Simon Flexner retires as RIMR director and JEM editor
–the Boulder (Hoover) Dam is completed, built ahead of schedule by the “Six Companies” led by Bechtel; one among several large power-generation projects, the largest (in the world) of which is Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River
–Yale Medical School receives the first major research grant to study polio
–F.M. Burnet and D. Lush publish on ‘lysogeny’, genetic incorporation of phage in bacteria
–the Tripartite Agreement is signed by U.S., Britain and France to stabilize currency with the U.S. dollar
–Spanish Civil War breaks out, the ‘nationalists’ of the fascist Franco govt, in league with Germany and Italy, overcome the republicans
–Oct.31, “On Halloween day..a group of Caltech students, led by Frank Malina, conducted the first stand-up rocket engine test”, launching the Pasadena JPL and the Space Age.; JPL explosives expert Jack Parsons becomes leader of the Agape Lodge of Aleister Crowley’s O.T.O. in southern Cal.
–Westinghouse builds first “industrial atom smasher”
–US, the National Cancer Institute is founded within the NIH
–contagious pleuropneumonia-like (PPLO) organisms are discovered in lab workers
–May 6, the Hindenburg zeppelin LZ-129 explodes in fire while docking at Lakehurst New Jersey
–West Nile virus is identified, causing fatal encephalitis in Uganda
–FDR founds the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, half of victims by this time are adults, adult statistics rising
–fluoridation experiments on Native Americans leads Henry Klein, DDS, to recommend fluoridation
–Claude Shannon, grad student and “father of information theory”, presents his designs for digital circuitry at MIT, considered “The most important master’s thesis of all time
–Amelia Earhart disappears on a round-the-world flight, speculation is that she overflew secret war preparations and was forced out of the sky
–Japanese troops take Beijing; Beginning mid-December, six weeks of civilian slaughter follow in Nanjing, known as the Rape of Nanking, killing upwards of 300,000 Chinese
–Lise Meitner, (Meitner’s nephew) Otto Frisch, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann confirm the ‘chain reaction’ of uranium
–animal polio is induced by insulin injections to lower blood sugar, eliminating natural resistance, and introducing experimental poliovirus
–March, the Austrian Anschluss (annexation) by Germany
–DuPont Chemical patents nylon; rival hemp fiber becomes unlawful
–October, OIL discovered in Saudi Arabia after a five-year exploration; concession went to California Arabian Standard Oil (Aramco)
–Selman Waksman takes credit for discovering streptomycin (see Albert Schatz)
–Einstein and Leo Szilard urge FDR to make the atomic bomb; this pair was a working partnership since 1921
–French scientists Joliot-Curie, Perrin and Halban are working jointly with Union Miniere du Haut Katanga (UMHK, Belgian Congo) to build “an experimental [atomic] bomb in the Sahara”; outbreak of war stops the project
September 1, Germany invades Poland and WORLD WAR TWO officially begins
–Gerald J. Cox urges the fluoridating of milk
–President FDR created the Federal Security Agency and transferred the Public Health Service from the Department of the Treasury to the new FSA (until 1953 and the creation of HEW)
–the Medical Society of New York, funded by the New York Foundation*, creates the pre-pay Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York (*NYF est.1909 by an endowment from Louis and Alfred Heinsheimer, nephews of Solomon Loeb [Kuhn, Loeb&Co]; the first grant was given to the Nat’l Com. for Mental Hygiene)
–Nov30, Stalin’s Red Army invades Finland
–WORLD POPULATION at 2,300,000,000
–June, Alexander Sachs purchases uranium for the US Navy from dealer Edgar Sengier; the yellowcake in barrels is sitting in the open on the docks of Staten Island where it remains for two more years, unguarded, until it is bought for the Manhattan Project on orders of Gen. Groves
(under construction)


  1. 1933: HJR 193 signed, US government declared insolvent, banks take ownership of citizens bodies just like they took land ownership 70 years earlier (Ch 11 bankruptcy).

    This is the stuff the freedom movement never talks about but is the basis for what we are experiencing. NOTHING ELSE MATTERS MORE.

    Comment by Doug Plumb — November 8, 2009 @ 2:23 am | Reply

    • “The government owning our bodies” –yes, nothing else matters more. Doug, do you have a good link about what happened in ’33?

      Comment by jenniferlake — November 8, 2009 @ 9:23 pm | Reply

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