Jennifer Lake's Blog

May 16, 2020

Global Revolution: Going Forward

The 1997 words of journalist William Greider in ‘One World, Ready or Not’:

“Revolutions, by their nature, do not operate with the consent of the governed. A revolution… is always the work of a radical few who seize power and impose new values and social arrangements on the many. While the process is inescapably anti-democratic…[that] is beside the point. Human history does, on occasion, advance by such decisive breaks from the past—epic transformations that destroy the comfortable old identities and compel people, for better or worse, to adopt new understandings of themselves….

   “If the question was put now to everyone, everywhere—do you wish to become a citizen of the world…?—it is safe to assume that most…would answer no, they wish to remain who they are…

    “The deepest social meaning of the global…revolution is that people no longer have free choice in this matter of identity. Ready or not, they are already of the world… [and] bound to distant others through the complex strands of commerce and finance reorganizing the globe as a unified marketplace… That is the essential new fact of everyone’s social existence and it is indeed revolutionary: unless one intends to withdraw from modern… life, there is no place to hide from the others… [P]atterns of global interconnectedness are already the dominant reality… The wrenching economic changes will be understood in time as a great new opening in history –an invitation to social invention and human advancement—but only when people learn how to think expansively again about their own ideals.” –pp333-335.

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Global economic forces –a lesson from William Greider

“In military terms, the free-running market has mounted a pincer movement against the modern welfare state and is advancing to disable it. One flank of the attack is formed by debt, the accumulating indebtedness of the wealthiest governments as they are unable to keep up with costs of long-established social commitments. The other flank is capital exit—the flight of firms and investors to other locations when nations fail to shrink the overhead costs that the welfare state imposes on enterprise and labor markets. As these two flanks tighten, each makes the situation worse for the societies under attack, swelling the ranks of dependent citizens and the cost of resistance.

“ Then the market reformers launch their frontal assault: a principled ideological argument that government is itself harmful…[and] that it is the welfare state, not global economic forces, that has degraded their prosperity and social order. Government protections…have robbed many citizens of their productive spirit and interfered with the private economy’s natural abilities to generate wealth. By shrinking government’s role, by hacking back its social guarantees and protective laws, society can free the market to create a better world for all. [p360]

“This…has become the preeminent political issue for the nations of advanced capitalism… Labor and the left are in retreat almost everywhere: commerce and finance predominate in politics and have adapted centralized government to their own uses… [p361] The global market’s imperatives are, in effect, pushing…powerful nations to engineer greater income inequality among their citizens…but nothing like the widening gulf in the United States. American political elites…have embraced the market reformers’ goals with renewed vigor and assume that if the debris of the welfare state can be cleared away, the American economy will flourish again. A terrible potential lurks in these developments, not widely appreciated because it seems so remote: fascism. The collision between society and the free market has the potential to stir a great social disturbance… The leading industrial democracies are confronted now with…the same collision. [p363]. If it is allowed to deepen and harden into political deadlock, the ground is prepared again for…fascism –a popular movement that promises to resolve the stress and conflict by dictatorial fiat, destroying personal freedom and democratic process in exchange for restoring stability and an orderly prosperity.

…”During the tumultuous economic changes on the 1920s, fragmentary fascist movements appeared in every industrial nation, including the United States, mainly among the dispossessed working class or bewildered middle-class traditionalists. When economic collapse enveloped the 1930s, the crisis allowed some of those parties to flourish and seize power, imposing their own deadly bargain on society… ‘Fascism,’ [Karl] Polanyi observed, ‘was a revolutionary tendency directed as much against conservatism as against the competing revolutionary force of socialism’.  When enough people feel cornered –confused and powerless, deprived of security and ignored by authorities—some will be drawn into extreme and violent forms of political expression… If Americans are disturbed by the rise of neofascists in Europe, they should understand that most of the Nazi literature ciculating in [Europe]…is mailed from the United States. [p364]

“In [modern] Germany, class resentment was on the rise again, though not always according to the usual stereotypes. The resentments I heard expressed came from people of advanced education and prestigious circumstances. What they resented was the comfortable lifestyle of the German working class. ‘Germans are very spoiled…and we are so lazy and spoiled today, used to a high standard where you get more and more… [Workers] spend a lot of time organizing their holidays… They know what they want and become very individualistic. Most employees feel they are equal to their bosses…  Simple work has become too expensive…’   In Frankfurt, the center of German finance, the bankers…put the class problem more explicitly. Germany’s economic problem, they explained, was excessive equality. ‘The price of maintaining equality is too high –we have to allow for more inequality… [The] need is to get the cleaning workers’ wages down and to widen the spread between them. If we do that, we get more employment, less tax burden [from]…financing the unemployed and, therefore, greater growth… How often does a U.S. janitor go for vacation abroad? Not very often, [we] think… Here, everybody goes abroad.’ [p365]

“Class implications aside, these comments were all directed at the economic crisis facing the social market economy…that was modern Germany’s proudest accomplishment. For nearly fifty years German prosperity has been widely shared through a complex system of public and private understandings… Now…under assault –[as] too expensive, too rigid, too centralized—for the relentless arithmetic of price-cost competition in the global marketplace. [p366]  As an economic scheme, the social market system had worked wondrously well in a self-contained market…[until] the social bargain was rendered vulnerable once liberalized finance and globalizing production were free of national boundaries. Indeed, the very political mechanisms Germany had created to foster compromise and concensus were now seen as barriers to executing rapid changes… In general, what the [German] reformers wanted was frequently described as the ‘American solution’ to globalization—a much smaller welfare system, deregulation across many fronts but especially in labor laws, a weakening of [unions]…and uniform wage[s], more freedom for employers to hire part-time workers and to modernize business practices.[p369]. The greater flexibility…enabled more job creation… lower unemployment and thus, reduced welfare costs. In particular, the U.S. system of weaker labor-market laws allowed the steady shrinkage of unions, declining real wages, more ‘temp’ jobs without rights or benefits and a much greater spread in incomes between highly educated and less skilled citizens. [But] in America, people were beginning to grasp that these conditions contributed to the social deterioration. In Germany, they were the reform goals. The social market ‘has to be substantially corrected… The state has to have a sound safety net, but it must lower standards, much lower than today and only for those who are unable to care for themselves. It’s not a managerial reform –it’s a conceptual reform…’ [p370]

 

“Americans, on the whole, [are] ill equipped to think about such matters or to understand how such basic forces as the labor market…and incomes created circumstances beyond an individual’s control. America’s contemporary liberals and conservatives were more alike in this than they recognized… [p380] Conservative reformers hacking away at the government’s various social programs were convinced that the marketplace itself was the best teacher and government got in the way. Liberals believed in remedial intervention –programs that in various ways would clean up the losers and equip them to get back on the ladder… Across the last twenty years [1970s-1990s]…the broad American middle-class was shrinking or else breaking… Home ownership…began declining in 1981… wage erosion and job losses have crept steadily up the ladder –from working poor to…white-collar ranks. These were people who…had done the ‘right things’ expected of them… Yet their prosperity was shrinking…[and] they were perhaps unsure why or who to blame. The future looked explosive. If global economic forces kept advancing as I have described them, another debilitating wave of deindustrialization was in store for America…” [p381]

One World Ready or Not, by William Greider, 1997

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May 12, 2020

COVID: DNA Dragnet

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COVID DNA Dragnet: A brink-of-reality scenario based on what’s already happening, such as contact-tracing, “rogue DNA databases,” and ideas in circulation posing as alternatives to vaccines and chip implants –at least temporarily. DNA dragnets already occur in policing. It doesn’t take a pandemic for this to realize, but the advantage of  timing and cooperation is obvious. You would take a test, wouldn’t you—to be cleared for work or travel? As I see it right now, our collective loss of liberties puts us one step away from national COVID dragnets to get everyone in the DNA database networks in the name of Public Health. It can happen with or without your knowledge and consent through the surreptitious collection and storage of DNA as it is widely practiced by law enforcement in the U.S.  Police methods regarding DNA have been upheld and re-sanctioned by the Supreme Court. [Maryland, 2012, Chief Justice John G. Roberts issued an order allowing police to continue collecting DNA samples]. Collection methods vary from trash-picking to free dinners, to coerced ‘voluntary’ clearing-of-suspicion and mandatory swabbing on arrest. Methods vary as much as the departments that deploy them. Preface this with facts of “Fabricating DNA Evidence” from digital bioinformatics systems [posted here Aug.2009] and the direst possibilities just start popping –but I won’t imagine those now. Just the facts.  On-the-spot COVID tests are coming –police already have spot tests for DNA—useable at building entrances or any convenient or  especially inconvenient location. The race is on for getting new, fast, portable and cheap CoV tests to market, such as a CoV ‘breath-alyzer’ from the UK.   So– a race for ‘better’ tests? …for the purpose of X@#B&5???? Is the dragnet ON?

  •               Checkpoint COVID*

Police methods: ”Rogue DNA databases” are a subject of special scrutiny by law professor Erin E. Murphy in her 2015 book “Inside the Cell, The Dark Side of Forensic DNA” which reviews issues of disrepute in DNA collection in post 9/11 America. The ‘rogues’ operate outside the law, however they are legal and actually contribute information to larger and better governed databases. The collected DNA, overall and everywhere, is subject to the “doctrine of abandonment”, the same criterion used in medical research. Collection-keeping for police uses are, in theory and practice, almost identical to medical uses, and therefore ‘one step away’ which is the ‘legal authority’ that comes with a national emergency waiver.

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Telephone-based contact tracing: “The CDC defines a close contact as someone within 6 feet of an infected person for at least 15 minutes”…but “Once you see a big escalation in cases, contact tracing absolutely cannot work,” Osterholm said. “You will be having contacts by the thousands and thousands and thousands. It’s just not going to work.” https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/health/2020/05/13/coronavirus-states-scramble-hire-covid-19-contact-tracers/3088014001/

“Contact tracing apps may complement human contact tracing and add efficiency, but they don’t replace all the things you can do training armies of contact tracers”  …“If there is a three-day lag between the test and results, depending on where that person goes, hundreds of people could be exposed — versus if a person is tested and gets the results 15 minutes later, they can begin taking precautions immediately,”…   https://health4everyday.com/2020/05/lost-your-job-consider-becoming-a-contact-tracer-cbs-news/

New contact tracers in the U.S., for now, are entry level data processors, building a database for Public Health. Tracers may also soon adopt police search methods, being done elsewhere, from identities drawn from all possible surveillance sources; security cams, cell phones, credit and debit cards, etc.This goes sideways in all directions really fast.

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When pandemic COVID policing and law enforcement merge, Public Health has a vast and instant connectivity for contact tracing:

“Across the country, police departments employ sneak DNA sampling methods without judicial intervention of any kind, and obtain biological material… As the head of one government lab said, ‘When you’ve licked a stamp on your tax return you’ve sent the government a DNA sample.’  …The true scope and extent of sneak sampling practices is not known… [but] in many cases police simply keep surreptitiously gathered samples, adding those DNA profiles to offline or rogue databases that can be searched without restriction. Thus both the data and the databases are shrouded in secrecy…  Oddly enough, the law essentially encourages police to act in the sneakiest ways possible, by according the least oversight and protection to DNA samples collected on the sly… [C]urrent law places no limits on the use of the sample. Police can keep those samples indefinitely, test them as they see fit, and store them in their local database for use in future cases—and all without ever notifying any person that DNA has been sampled. The courts that have addressed sneak sampling have almost universally endorsed it as acceptable under the Fourth Amendment…  [A comment made after a failed case argument challenging the sneak techniques] reflects, the attitude of courts toward surreptitious sampling appears to be that the precepts of ‘abandonment’ and ‘misplaced trust’ ought to apply down to the molecular level… [pp170-172]  …

“[If a person] voluntarily gave over his sample, the police were entitled to use it in any way they saw fit…  Rogue databases…have sprung up around the country…[which] can be as simple as Excel spreadsheets or as sophisticated as networked terminals that mimic the national database, CODIS… The New York City database came under fire in 2005 when…litigation revealed that the city maintained a ‘Linkage Database’ that included samples not just from arrestees and suspects, but from crime scene bystanders and Good Samaritan contributors. The lab admitted it had ‘no policy’, procedure or rules for purging profiles from the database, and that there were no restrictions on the database’s permissible use.[p183] Rogue databases also offer the opportunity to store genetic information beyond that contained in the customary national DNA profile… New Mexico maintains a rogue DNA database…shown to be effective at predicting surnames, particularly rare surnames. [p184] The attractiveness of a database that operates outside the law has led genetic entrepreneurs to start offering software that links them all together, creating a…shadowbase…of the federal database. [p185] The goal was to circumvent CODIS, which precluded uploading of samples from persons not charged with crimes or who gave DNA for elimination purposes only. [p186]…To be sure, solving crime is good. But creating a nation of suspects is not.” [p172]

Inside The Cell, by Erin E. Murphy, 2015.

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May 10, 2020

Accelerating Biology

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Taking control of your body: Lessons from a cell biologist

“While the Human Genome Project was making headlines, a group of scientists were inaugurating a new, revolutionary field in biology called epigenetics. The science of epigenetics, which literally means ‘control above genetics,’ profoundly changes our understanding of how life is controlled… Genes are not destiny! Environmental influences, including nutrition, stress and emotions, can modify those genes without changing their basic blueprint. And those modifications, epigeneticists have discovered, can be passed on to future generations as surely as DNA blueprints are passed on via the Double Helix.” –p67, Biology of Belief, by Bruce H. Lipton, PhD, 2005

“You may consider yourself an individual, but as a cell biologist I can tell you that you are in truth a cooperative community of approximately 50 trillion single-cell citizens. Almost all of the cells that make up your body are amoeba-like, individual organisms that have evolved a cooperative strategy for their mutual survival. [p27]… I also [make] it clear to my students that each cell is an intelligent being that can survive on its own, as scientists demonstrate when they remove cells from the body and grow them in a culture. [p37] I knew intuitively when I was a child, these smart cells are imbued with intent and purpose; they actively seek environments that support their survival while simultaneously avoiding toxic or hostile ones. Like humans, single cells analyze thousands of stimuli from the microenvironment they inhabit… [and] select appropriate behavioral responses to ensure their survival. Single cells are also capable of learning through these environmental experiences and are able to create cellular memories which they pass on to their offspring.” [p38]

The evolutionary push for ever-bigger communities is simply a reflection of the biological imperative to survive. The more awareness an organism has of its environment, the better its chances for survival. When cells band together [i.e. into higher organisms] they increase their awareness exponentially… A process of cytological specialization enables the cells to form the specific tissues and organs of the body. Over time, this pattern of differentiation, i.e. the distribution of the workload among the members of the community, became embedded in the genes of every cell… significantly increasing the organism’s efficiency and its ability to survive… The efficiency it offered enabled more cells to live on less… The amount of energy conserved…contributes to both an increased survival advantage and a better quality of life. [p40]

But today’s understanding of cooperation in nature goes much deeper than the easily observable ones. ‘Biologists are becoming increasingly aware that animals have coevolved, and continue to coexist with diverse assemblages of microorganisms that are required for normal health and development,’ according to..an article in Science [Ruby, et.al. 2004] The study of these relationships is now a rapidly growing field called ‘Systems Biology.’ …Living organisms, it turns out, actually integrate their cellular communities by sharing their genes… Now scientists realize that genes are shared not only among the individual members of a species, but also among members of different species. The sharing of genetic information via gene transfer speeds up evolution since organisms can acquire ‘learned’ experience from other organisms. [p44] This sharing of information is…nature’s method of enhancing the survival of the biosphere… [and] Now that we are aware of this inter-and-intra-species gene transfer mechanism, the dangers of genetic engineering become apparent. [p45]

“ In reality, the idea that genes control biology is a supposition, which has never been proven and in fact has been undermined by the latest scientific research. Genetic control…has become a metaphor in our society. We want to believe that genetic engineers are the new medical magicians who can cure diseases and while they’re at it create more Einsteins and Mozarts as well. But metaphor does not equate with scientific truth. [H.F.] Nijhout (1992) summarizes the truth: ‘When a gene product is needed, a signal from its environment, not an emergent property of the gene itself, activates expression of that gene.’ In other words, when it comes to genetic control, ‘It’s the environment…’ [p52]…[and] it is the changing of the proteins’ electromagnetic charges that is responsible for their behavior-generating movement, not DNA. [p60]. Geneticists experienced a… shock when, contrary to their expectations of [finding] over 120,000 [human] genes, they found that the entire human genome consists of approximately 25,000 genes. More than eighty percent of the presumed and required DNA does not exist!… The one-gene, one-protein concept was a fundamental tenet of genetic determinism… No longer is it possible to believe that genetic engineers can with relative ease fix all our biological dilemnas. There are simply not enough genes to account for the complexity of human life or human disease. [p63]

“In the chromosome, the DNA forms the core and the [regulatory] proteins cover the DNA like a sleeve. When the genes are covered, their information cannot be ‘read.’  …How do you get that sleeve off? You need an environmental signal to spur the ‘sleeve’ protein to change shape, i.e. detach from the DNA’s double helix, allowing the gene to be read [and copied by the cell]… As a result, the activity of the gene is ‘controlled’ by the presence or absence of the ensleeving proteins which are in turn controlled by environmental signals. [p68] The story of epigenetic control is the story of how environmental signals control the activity of genes… The revised scheme of information flow…in biology starts with an environmental signal, then goes to a regulatory protein and only then goes to DNA, RNA, and the end result, a protein. The science of epigenetics has also made clear that there are two mechanisms by which organisms pass on hereditary information… Studies of protein synthesis reveal that epigenetic [tuning]‘dials’ can create 2,000 or more variations of proteins from the same gene blueprint. [p69]

“We now know that the environmentally influenced fine-tuning…can be passed from generation to generation. A landmark Duke University study published in the August 2003 issue of Molecular and Cellular Biology found that an enriched environment can even override genetic mutations in mice. In the study, scientists looked at the effect of dietary supplements on pregnant mice with the abnormal ‘agouti’ gene. Agouti mice have yellow coats and are extremely obese, which predisposes them to cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. In the experiment, one group of yellow, obese, agouti mothers received methyl-group rich supplements available in health food stores: folic acid, vitamin B12, betaine and choline. Methyl-rich supplements were chosen because a number of studies have shown that the methyl chemical group is involved with epigenetic modifications. When methyl groups attach to a gene’s DNA, it changes the binding characteristics of regulatory chromosomal proteins. If the proteins bind too tightly to the gene, the protein cannot be removed and the gene cannot be read. Methylating DNA can silence or modify gene activity… The mothers who got the methyl group supplements produced standard, lean, brown mice, even though their offspring had the same agouti gene as their mothers. The agouti mothers who didn’t get the supplements produced yellow pups…which ate much more [and] wound up weighing almost twice as much as their… counterparts… [and were] diabetic while its genetically identical counterpart is healthy. [p72]

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“Living organisms are distinguished from non-living entities by the fact that they move: they are animated. The energy driving their movements is harnessed to do the ‘work’…such as respiration, digestion, and muscle contraction. To understand the nature of life one must first understand how protein ‘machines’ are empowered to move. The final shape, or conformation (the technical term used by biologists), of a protein molecule reflects a balanced state among its electromagnetic charges. However, if the proteins positive and negative charges are altered, the protein backbone will dynamically twist and adjust itself to accommodate the new distribution of charges. [Like charges, as in two negative terminals, will twist apart]. The distribution of electromagnetic charge within a protein can be selectively altered by a number of processes including: the binding of other molecules or chemical groups such as hormones; the enzymatic removal or addition of charged ions; or interference from electromagnetic fields such as those emanating from cell phones. [p56] [It] is the changing of the proteins’ electromagnetic charges that is responsible for their behavior-generating movement, not DNA. [p60]

“[My] nominee for the true brain that controls cellular life [is] the membrane… I refer to it in my lectures as the magical mem-Brain… The true secret of life lies in understanding the elegantly simple biological mechanisms of the magical membrane –the mechanisms by which your body translates environmental signals into behavior… Cell biologists gained insight into the amazing abilities of the cell membrane by studying the most primitive organisms on this planet, the prokaryotes… which include bacteria and other microbes [that] consist only of a cell membrane that envelops a droplet of soupy cytoplasm… A bacterium carries out the basic physiologic processes of life like more complicated cells… They can sense where there is food… they can recognize toxins and predators and purposely employ escape maneuvers to save their lives. In other words, prokaryotes display intelligence! [p76]

“It is important for the cell to allow molecules to break through the [membrane] barrier..[for] life-sustaining food…[and] information… [The] membrane becomes a vital and ingenious mechanism enabling selected nutrients to penetrate the interior of the cell… Phospholipids, one of the two major chemical components of the membrane…are composed of both polar and non-polar molecules…. All the molecules in our universe can be divided into non-polar and polar categories based on the type of chemical bonds that hold their atoms together. The bonds among [electrically charged] polar molecules…behave like magnets, attracting or repelling other charged molecules. Polar molecules include water and things that dissolve in water [hydrophiles]. Non-polar molecules include oil and substances that dissolve in oil [hydrophobes]… The phosphate portion of the molecule is motivated to seek water, while its lipid portion…seeks stability by dissolving in oil. [p80]…Because the [oil] portion of the membrane is non-polar, it does not let positively or negatively charged atoms or molecules pass through it. In effect, this lipid core is an electrical insulator…[but..]Most of the cell’s nutrients consist of charged polar molecules that would not be able to get past the formidable non-polar lipid barrier. Neither could the cell excrete its polarized waste products.  [Embedded membrane proteins, called]Integral Membrane Proteins (IMPs),…are composed of a linear backbone assembled from linked amino acids…[where] some are water-loving polar molecules and some are hydrophobic, non-polar molecules…that weaves itself in and out of the [membrane layer]. There are lots of IMPs with lots of different names, but they can be subdivided into two functional classes: receptor proteins and effector proteins… Receptors function as molecular ‘nano-antennas’ tuned to respond to specific environmental signals. Some receptors extend inward…to monitor the internal milieu of the cell. Other[s]…monitor external signals… Receptor ‘antennas’ can also read vibrational energy fields such as light, sound, and radio frequencies. The antennas on these ‘energy’ receptors vibrate like tuning forks. If an energy vibration in the environment resonates with a receptor’s antenna, it will alter the protein’s charge, causing the receptor to change shape.[p83]. [And] because receptors can read energy fields, the notion that only physical molecules can impact cell physiology is outmoded. Biological behavior can be controlled by invisible forces, including thought, as well as it can be controlled by physical molecules like penicillin, a fact that provides the scientific underpinning for pharmaceutical-free energy medicine. [p84]

“When you destroy its membrane, the cell dies just as you would if your brain were removed. Even if you leave the membrane intact, destroying only its receptor proteins, which can easily be done with digestive enzymes in the lab, the cell becomes ‘brain-dead.’ It is comatose because it no longer receives the environmental signals necessary for the operation of the cell. The cell also becomes comatose when the receptor proteins are left intact and its effector proteins are immobilized. To exhibit ‘intelligent’ behavior, cells need a functioning membrane with both receptor (awareness) and effector (action) proteins. These protein complexes are the fundamental units of cellular intelligence. Technically they may be referred to as units of ‘perception.’ …At the cellular level, the story of evolution is largely the story of maximizing the number of basic units of ‘intelligence,’ the membrane’s receptor/effector  proteins. Cells  become smarter by utilizing their outer membrane surface more efficiently and by expanding the surface area..so that more IMPs could be packed in… the eukaryote is thousands of times bigger than the prokaryote resulting in a tremendous increase in membrane surface area… The end result is more awareness, which translates to greater survivability. [p88]

“In 1985…I was reviewing the mechanics of the membrane trying to get a grasp of how it worked as an information processing system. That is when I experienced a moment of insight…[starting] first with the lollipop-like phospholipid molecules…arranged in the membrane like regimented soldiers on parade in perfect alignment. By definition, a structure whose molecules are arranged in regular, repeated pattern is defined as a crystal. There are two fundamental types of crystals. The crystals that most people are familiar with are hard and resilient minerals… The second kind of crystal has a more fluid structure…Familiar examples of liquid crystals include digital watch faces and laptop computer screens. To better understand the nature of a liquid crystal, let’s go back to those soldiers on parade. When the marching soldiers turn a corner, they maintain their regimented structure… They’re behaving like a flowing liquid, yet they do not lose their crystalline organization. The phospholipid molecules of the membrane behave in a similar fashion. Their fluid crystalline organization allows the membrane to dynamically alter its shape while maintaining its integrity…So in defining this character of the membrane I wrote: ‘The membrane is a liquid crystal.’ Then I started thinking about…a membrane with just phospholipids…[being] a non-conductor. However, when you add IMPs [integral membrane proteins], you realize that the membrane conducts some things across while keeping others out. So I [wrote]…’The membrane is a semiconductor.’  Lastly, I wanted to include…the two most common kinds of IMPs. These are the receptors and a class of effectors called channels because they [change shape and] provide the all-important means for the cell to let in nutrients and let out waste matter. I was about to write..’recptors and channels’ when I realized that a synonym for receptor is the word gate. So instead I completed my description by writing: ‘The membrane contains gates and channels.’ [p90] What hit me right away was… my new computer [with] a copy of a bright red book called ‘Understanding Your Microprocessor’… I grabbed the book and found..a definition of a computer chip that read: ‘A chip is a crystal semiconductor with gates and channels.’…I spent several more intense seconds comparing… biomembranes with silicon semiconductors… when I realized that the identical nature of their definitions… Twelve years later an Australian research consortium…published an article in Nature, which confirmed my hypothesis that the cell membrane is a homologue of a computer chip. [B.A.Cornell, et al. 1997] Cornell and associates successfully turned a biological cell membrane into a digital-readout computer chip. [p91] …The fact that the cell membrane and a computer chip are homologues means that it is both appropriate and instructive to better fathom the workings of a cell by comparing it to a personal computer. The first big-deal insight that comes from such an exercise is that computers and cells are programmable…[and] the programmer lies outside the computer/cell…[It was with a jolt that I realized that the gene-coding nucleus does not program the cell. [p92]

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“[B]ecause of their Newtonian, materialistic bias, conventional researchers have completely ignored the role that energy plays in health and disease. [p102] Biomedical scientists have been particularly confounded because they do not recognize the massive complexity of the intercommunication among the physical parts and the energy fields that make up the whole… Cellular contsituents are woven into a complex web of crosstalk, feeback and feedforward communication loops. A biological dysfunction may arise from a miscommunication along any of the routes of information flow… Once I realized the nature of the complex interactions between matter and energy, I knew that a reductionist, linear (A>B>C>D>E) approach could not even come close to giving us accurate understanding of disease. [p103] When you change the parameters of a protein at one point in such a complex pathway, you inevitably alter the parameters of other proteins at innumerable points within the entangled networks. [p104] When a drug is introduced into the body to treat a malfunction in one protein, that drug inevitably interacts with at least one and possibly many other proteins… [There is] the fact that biological systems are redundant. The same signals or protein molecules [p105] may be simultaneously used in different organs and tissues where they provide for completely different behavioral functions. For example, when a drug is prescribed to correct a dysfunction in a signaling pathway of the heart, that drug is delivered by the blood to the entire body. This ‘cardiac’ medicine can unintentionally disturb the function of the nervous system if the brain also uses components of the targeted signaling pathway…. Multicellular organisms survive with far fewer genes than scientists once thought because the same gene products (protein) are used for a variety of functions. [p106]

“ Hundreds upon hundreds of scientific studies over the last fifty years have consistently revealed that ‘invisible forces’ of the electromagnetic spectrum profoundly impact every facet of biological regulation… [E]nergetic signaling mechanisms such as electromagnetic frequencies are a hundred times more efficient in relaying environmental information than physical signals such as hormones, neurotransmitters, growth factors, etc.[p111] We know that living organisms must receive and interpret environmental signals in order to stay alive. In fact, survival is directly related to the speed and efficiency of signal transfer. The speed of electromagnetic energy signals is 186,000 miles per second, while the speed of a diffusible chemical is considerably less than 1 centimeter per second. Energy signals are 100 times more efficient and infinitely faster than physical chemical signaling. What kind of signaling would your trillion-celled community prefer? Do the math!

…”all organisms, including humans, communicate and read their environment by evaluating energy fields. [p120] The research I discussed…found that energy is a more efficient means of effecting matter than chemicals. [p125] Candace Pert was studying the human brain… In Molecules of Emotion,  Pert revealed how her study of information-processing receptors on nerve cell membranes led her to discover that the same ‘neural’ receptors were present on most, if not all, of the body’s cells. Her elegant experiments established that the ‘mind’ was not focused in the head, but was distributed via signal molecules to the whole body. [p132]

“Humans and a number of other higher mammals have evolved a specialized region of the brain associated with thinking, planning, and decision-making called the prefrontal cortex. This portion of the fore-brain is apparently the seat of the ‘self-conscious’ mind processing…it is a newly evolved ‘sense organ’ that observes our own behavior and emotions. [It] also has access to most of the data stored in our long-term memory bank [including cells]… Endowed with the ability to be self-reflective, the self-conscious mind is extremely powerful… We can actively choose how to respond to most envorinmental signals and whether we even want to respond at all. The conscious mind’s capacity to override the sunconscious mind’s preprogrammed behaviors is the foundation of free will. [p134]

“I was excited by my experiments because I believed that they revealed on the single-cell level a truth for multicellular organisms—that the mind (i.e. acting via the central nervous system’s adrenaline) overrides the body (acting via the local histamine signal). I wanted to spell out the implications…in my research paper, but my colleagues almost died from apoplexy at the notion of [a] body-mind connection into a paper about cell biology… because the mind is not an acceptable biological concept. Bioscientists are conventional Newtonians –if it isn’t matter…it doesn’t count. The ‘mind’ is a non-localized energy and therefore is not relevant to materialistic biology. [p137] The placebo effect should be the subject of major, funded research efforts. If medical researchers could figure out how to leverage the placebo effect, they would hand doctors an efficient, energy-based, side effect-free tool to treat disease… The fact that most doctors are not trained to consider the impact of the placebo effect is ironic because some historians make a strong case that the history of medicine is largely the history of the placebo effect… [p138] [including] ‘fake’ surgery. [p139]

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“In multicellular organisms, growth/protection behaviors are controlled by the nervous system. It is the nervous system’s job to monitor environmental signals, interpret them, and organize appropriate behavioral responses… the nervous system acts like the government in organizing the activities of its cellular citizens… The body is actually endowed with two separate protection systems, each vital to the maintenance of life. The first…mobilizes protection against external threats. It is called the HPA axis which stands for the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis. [p147] When there are no threats, the HPA axis is inactive and growth [cell renewal, respiration, digestion, etc.] flourishes… Once the adrenal alarm is sounded… [the] visceral organs stop doing their life-sustaining work of digestion, absorption, excretion and…production of the body’s energy reserves. Hence the stress response inhibits growth processes and further compromises the body’s survival by interfering with the generation of vital energy reserves. [p148]

“ The body’s second protection system is the immune system which protects us from threats originating under the skin such as those caused by bacteria and viruses… it can consume much of the body’s energy supply. [p149] The HPA system is a brilliant mechanism for handling acute stresses. However…not designed to be continuously activated.[p151] The HPA axis’ effect on the cellular community mirrors the effect of stress on a human population. [p153] [It shifts] the members of the community from a state of growth to a state of protection. [p154] …[S]tress hormones are so effective at curtailing immune system function that doctors provide them to recipients of transplants so that their immune systems wouldn’t reject the foreign tissues…. Activating the HPA axis also interferes with our ability to think clearly… Adrenal stress hormones constrict the blood vessels in the forebrain…[and] repress activity in the…prefrontal cortex…the center of conscious volitional activity… and reasoning. [p150]

“Inhibiting growth processes [which includes natural immunity] is also debilitating in that growth…is required to produce energy. Consequently, a sustained protection response inhibits the creation of life-sustaining energy. The longer you stay in protection, the more you compromise your growth…To fully thrive, we must not only eliminate the stressors but also actively seek joyful, loving, fulfilling lives that stimulate growth processes.” [p147] Biology of Belief, by Bruce H. Lipton, PhD

………………………………give you some love…………………………..

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October 28, 2013

School Days

Filed under: education,Eugenics,Rockefeller Science — jenniferlake @ 12:38 am
Tags: ,

“From the beginning, there was purpose behind forced schooling…forged out of what a highly centralized corporate economy and system of finance bent on internationalizing itself was thought to need… School was looked upon..as a branch of industry and a tool of governance…  By 1917, the major administrative jobs in American schooling were under control of a group referred to in the press of that day as ‘the Education Trust.’ The first meeting of this trust included representatives of Rockefeller, Carnegie, Harvard, Stanford, the University of Chicago, and the National Education Association. The chief end, wrote the British evolutionist Benjamin Kidd in 1918, was to ‘impose on the young the ideal of subordination.’

…”Arthur Calhoun’s 1919 Social History of the Family notified the nation’s academics what was happening. Calhoun declared that the fondest wish of utopian writers was coming true: The child was passing from its family ‘into the custody of community experts.’ He offered a significant forecast, that in time we could expect to see public education ‘designed to check the mating of the unfit.’

…”The 1920s were a boom period for forced schooling… William Kirkpatrick boasted in Education and the Social Crisis that the whole tradition of rearing the young was being made over by experts.”

   “Meanwhile, at the project offices of an important employer of experts, the Rockefeller Foundation, friends were hearing from president Max Mason that a comprehensive national program was underway to allow, in Mason’s words, ‘the control of human behavior.’ This dazzling ambition was announced on April 11, 1933. Schooling figured prominently in the design.

   “Rockefeller had been inspired by the work of Eastern European scientist Hermann Muller to invest heavily in genetics. Muller had used X-rays to override genetic law, inducing mutations in fruit flies. This seemed to open the door to the scientific control of life itself. Muller preached that planned breeding would bring mankind to paradise faster than God… Muller would win the Nobel Prize, reduce his proposal to a 1,500-word Geneticists’ Manifesto, and watch with satisfaction as 22 distinguished American and British biologists of the day signed it. The State must prepare to consciously guide human sexual selection, said Muller. School would have to separate worthwhile breeders from those slated for termination…”

   “Thirty-odd years later, between 1967 and 1974, teacher training in the US was covertly revamped through coordinated..key state education departments..which in time, impacted every school in America… The Behavioral Science Teacher Education Project identified the future as one ‘in which a small elite’ will control all important matters, one where participatory democracy will largely disappear. Children are made to see through school experiences that their classmates are so cruel and irresponsible, so inadequate..and so ignorant that they need to be controlled and regulated for society’s good. Under such a logical regime, school terror can only be regarded as good advertising…”

–John Taylor Gatto, “Some Lessons From The Underground History of American Education” [pp274-287, Everything You Know Is Wrong, 2002]

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   Using falling literacy statistics dating from 1840 and 1940, J.T. Gatto makes his point about the success of educational failure:   “…abundant data exist from states like Connecticut and Massachusetts to show that by 1840 the incidence of complex literacy in the United States was between 93 and 100 percent… According to the Connecticut census of 1840, only one citizen out of every 579 was illiterate… By 1940, the literacy figure for all states stood at 96 percent for whites [and] 80 percent for blacks… Six decades later..the National Adult Literacy Survey..say[s] 40 percent of blacks and 17 percent of whites can’t read at all. Put another way [since 1940], black illiteracy doubled and white illiteracy quadrupled… think of this: We spend three to four times as much real money on schooling as we did 60 years ago, but 60 years ago virtually everyone..could read…
   “If you have a hard time believing this…meet William Torrey Harris, US Commissioner of Education from 1889 to 1906… Harris standardized our schools and Germanized them… Listen as he speaks in 1906: “Ninety-nine [students] out of a hundred are automata, careful to walk in prescribed paths, careful to follow the prescribed custom. This is not an accident but the result of substantial education, which, scientifically defined, is the subsumption of the individual… The great purpose of school can be realized better in dark, airless, ugly places… It is to master the physical self, to transcend the beauty of nature. School should develop the power to withdraw from the external world.’
…”Since Aristotle, thinkers have understood that work is the vital theater of self-knowledge. Schooling in concert with a controlled workplaceis the most effective way ever devised to foreclose the development of imagination… Hegel was sold to America in large measure by William Torrey Harris who made Hegelianism [the provoking of crises] his lifelong project, and forced schooling its principal instrument in its role as a peerless agent provocateur.
   “Harris was inspired by the notion that correctly managed mass schooling would result in a population so dependent on leaders that schism and revolution would be things of the past… The psychological tool was [is] alienation. The trick was to alienate children from themselves so they couldn’t turn inside for strength, to alienate them from their families, religions, cultures, etc. so no countervailing force could intervene…
   “Alexander Inglis, author of Principles of Secondary Education..wrote that the new schools were being expressly created to serve a command economy and command society, one in which the controlling coalition would be drawn from important institutional stakeholders in the future. According to Inglis, the first function of schooling is adjustive, establishing fixed habits of reaction to authority. This prepares the young to accept whatever management dictates when they are grown. Second is the diagnostic function. School determines each student’s ‘proper’ social role…to justify the next function, sorting. Individuals are to be trained only so far as their likely destination in the social machine, not one step beyond.

   “Conformity is the fourth function. Kids are to be made alike…so future behavior will be predictable, in service to market and political research. Next is the hygenic function…the health of the ‘race’… and last is the propaedutic function, a fancy word meaning that a small fraction of kids will slowly be trained to take over management of the system…
    “And there you have the formula: adjustment, diagnosis, sorting, conformity, racial hygiene, and continuity…”
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Gatto,JTGattoProgram(youtube)
“The Ultimate History Lesson”, 2011 interview
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                                                                                                          HermannMuller(wiki)
Hermann Joseph Muller (or H. J. Muller) (December 21, 1890 – April 5, 1967) was an American geneticist, educator, and Nobel laureate best known for his work on the physiological and genetic effects of radiation (X-ray mutagenesis) as well as his outspoken political beliefs… In 1914, Julian Huxley offered Muller a position at the recently founded William Marsh Rice Institute, now Rice University; he hurried to complete his Ph.D. degree and moved to Houston for the beginning of the 1915-1916 academic year…
…1926 marked the beginning of a series of major breakthroughs. Beginning in November, Muller carried out two experiments with varied doses of X-rays, the second of which used the crossing over suppressor stock (“ClB”) he had found in 1919. A clear, quantitative connection between radiation and lethal mutations quickly emerged. Muller’s discovery created a media sensation after he delivered a paper entitled “The Problem of Genetic Modification” at the Fifth International Congress of Genetics in Berlin; it would make him one of the better known public intellectuals of the early 20th century. By 1928, others had replicated his dramatic results, expanding them to other model organisms such as wasps and maize. In the following years, he began publicizing the likely dangers of radiation exposure in humans…
In September 1932, Muller moved to Berlin to work with the Russian expatriate geneticist Nikolay Timofeeff-Ressovsky, a trip intended as a limited sabbatical stretched into an eight-year, five-country journey. In Berlin, he met two physicists who would later be significant to the biology community: Niels Bohr and Max Delbrück…  In 1933, Muller ..moved..to Leningrad…  In the USSR, Muller supervised a large and productive lab, and organized work on medical genetics. Most of his work involved further explorations of genetics and radiation. There he completed his eugenics book, Out of the Night, the main ideas of which dated to 1910… ” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_Joseph_Muller
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The ideas Muller laid out for the development of a practical eugenics program differed from those of the American Eugenics Society, particularly his emphasis on ‘positive eugenics’ and the importance of a classless society as a precursor to a eugenics program. ‘Positive eugenics’ was Muller’s theory which promoted the perpetuation of good genes rather than the removal of bad genes from society (‘negative eugenics’).” [Galtonian eugenics was of this ‘positive’ type] Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory archives http://cshlarchives.blogspot.com/2007/12/e.html

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