Jennifer Lake's Blog

December 22, 2011

JFK Conspiracy Con II

Part One of the JFK Conspiracy Con opens with a reference to the book Dr. Mary’s Monkey (DMM) by Ed Haslam as a starting point in my research on the JFK assassination. Haslam’s book, by his own account, is not about the assassination of JFK which he says is “incidental” to his theme –a theme I  call The Disease Continuum (the ‘DC’), inserted in the blog between JFK parts One and Two. I can’t say yet how many serial parts are needed to write out the JFK Conspiracy Con to a satisfying conclusion, but with certainty the DC belongs at the beginning. Ed and I both seem to have noticed that parallel activity in public medicine spirals around the JFK  story like the second spine of a DNA helix –not so “incidental” after all– but structurally essential in the telling.
    It’s the polio connection to Dr. Mary Sherman, and simultaneously to Ed’s own father in 1963 New Orleans, that brings a greater intrigue to author Haslam’s purposes. Several co-conspirators in the JFK assassination/coverup are firmly tied to the creation of the Salk Institute, a monumental reward to its namesake for the vaccine.
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   Part One reintroduces two familiar characters in the plot to murder JFK; Nelson Rockefeller and Meyer Lansky, and mentions some less publicly known names; Lewis L. Strauss, Abe Feinberg, and Dewey D. Stone. Feinberg and Stone are known for getting the Jewish Vote to swing for Kennedy during his campaigns of 1952 (for the Senate) and the Presidency. 1952 is a very important year in this story– a true turning point in world history. The U.S. went “thermonuclear” with successful tests ( ultra-low temperature hydrogen fusion bombs with fission triggers), polio “peaked” with the highest case numbers on record, Israel started a secret bomb project, etc. etc., and the question that begs at these relationships over the next decade is asking if the composite assassination and disease picture is about nuclear trafficking to the benefit of Israel and Jewish world power. 
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PART TWO, for you who endure the soap opera, is going to highlight the chronological elements that move things along in self-evident style.  I apologize to regular readers for the slow delivery, the daily paragraph or two, and the bloggy way I’m going about this business.
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Uranium for the Manhattan Project
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  Lewis Strauss wrote that “the origin of our supply of the potent element begins..and revolves about the granitic figure of an engineer and industrialist, Sir Edgar Sengier…[who] controlled a mine in the Congo which was the world’s richest producer of uranium ore…[where] the concentration..was uniquely high. Despite all the prospecting that has occurred within the past twenty years, no other deposit has ever rivaled the Shinkolobwe mine for richness.
…”We had both [Sengier and Strauss] been connected with Hoover’s Commission for Relief of Belgium in World War I, and our friendship dated from those days…In the field of atomic energy, a special relationship thus existed between the United States and Belgium, and the two governments have closely co-operated ever since.” [p317, Men and Decisions, by Lewis L. Strauss, 1962] “Belgium was our mainstay in the beginning. Canada and South Africa later became important suppliers.” [p318]
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Edgar Sengier “arrived at the beginning of the European mining of Africa and over the next forty years he was to oversee Belgium’s large share in the world markets trading copper, cobalt, tin, diamonds and uranium. He came to manipulate and maneuver an enormous industrial empire of such complexity that very few ever came to know, let alone understand, how a deep uranium mine –called Shinkolobwe– in the heart of Africa could be the source of radium, a miracle cancer cure, and then become the piece of earth most wanted by the military for the nuclear armaments of World War II…  Sengier moved easily within the international business worlds of Brussels, Paris, London and New York and knew as soon as did the scientists around the world of the momentous scientific breakthrough… It was he who sent the uranium ore to a Staten Island warehouse. It was nearly two years before the Manhattan Project managers knew about that uranium ore and realised they needed it. M.Sengier spent the war years in New York City –and Saratoga Springs… He set up a branch of Union Miniere on Broad Street in Lower Manhattan –named African Minerals, to funnel uranium ore from the Belgian Congo through New York Harbor to Middlesex New Jersey and Port Hope Ontario on its way to a more pure existence in the bombs of America… The office of the United States Army Corps of Engineers, Manhattan District was in Madison Square..about half way between Pregel’s office in the Rockefeller Center and Sengier’s near Wall Street –the three of them almost in a straight line… Sengier was the most critical supplier of all.” http://www3.amherst.edu/~mrhunt/uranium/scene2.htm
   The account of how one thousand or so tons of “yellowcake” (uranium oxide) sat on a warehouse dock in New York Harbor, packed in drums for two years, and nobody noticed, should be a good story when more of it comes to light. What we know so far is that in 1939 “Sengier was visited by [French scientists] Joliot-Curie, [Francis] Perrin and Halban..who suggested to him that the Union Miniere should join with them in making an experimental bomb in the Sahara. Sengier accepted this idea in principle and agreed to furnish..material and to bear part of the cost, but in September 1939 the outbreak of war ended the project.” [p316, Men and Decisions]
   So here we have an atomic bomb project underway in 1939 by French communists before the war. Strauss had to be making a special point when he published this is in 1962.
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Boris Pregel, radium/uranium dealer mentioned above in the non-Strauss quote (not italicized), left a few words about the French:  “..The centralization was at the Institute Curie… It was also a kind of scientific monopoly. They did the whole thing…  they were the most important… In fact, the Institute of the Curies had tremendous quantities of radium all along… That’s why later also, when Joliot-Curie and Halban and Kowarski wanted to discuss the..application of atomic energy, they were received very well… [A] lot of the most important work was done in France, because of the establishment of the Institute… The point is, it was only for medical purposes.”  http://www.aip.org/history/ohilist/4833.html  The Curies Institute of Radium in Paris was established in 1919 while the city played host to the Peace Accords at Versailles and Lewis L. Strauss was invited by Mortimer Schiff (son of Jacob Schiff) to join the firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. in New York. Schiff was in Paris “on a mission for the American Red Cross” and Strauss was there as a delegate with Herbert Hoover.
   Pregel says, “The whole thing has to begin at the beginning… [T]he discoveries..made by the Curies, at the end of the last century…[led to] some small industrial productions of radium, most of them laboratory type and not really industrial type. There were in France, sponsored by Rothschild, something which was extracted from the Madagascar ores… Most of [the ore] was in Czechoslovakia, of course… But the real development..came only when the Union Miniere stepped in.”
…”The Union Miniere understood very well that the development of their business depended largely on research and on therapeutic use of radium. At that time therapy was the main use… We [dealers] helped the creation of centers, medical centers throughout the world –hunting cancer centers– in which there was sometimes very large amounts of radium… [I]t’s still, in my opinion, the best of the radioactive substances that can be used for therapeutic purposes… it was a stepping stone to many other things..because it let the people see the isotopes of the different metals.”
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    [wikipedia] “During World War II, Pregel was the agent for the Canadian Eldorado Mining & Refining Co. which supplied the Manhattan Project with nearly all the uranium mined in the North America.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Pregel
In 1942, the Canadian government authorized purchase of Eldorado [Mining and Refining Ltd] shares. “Shortly after nationalization, the Minister [of Munitions and Supplies] became aware of serious management problems at Eldorado. [An] inquiry took two years [from 1945-1947] and led to fraud charges against Marcel Pochon and Boris Pregel, in charge of sales abroad. The case was settled out of court…
…”Intensified prospecting efforts by Eldorado led to the discovery in 1946 of new pitchblende deposits near Athabasca… Beaverlodge mine, started in 1952, led to the birth of Uranium City… Government control…relaxed somewhat…
   “In 1949, Eldorado became the only agent in Canada authorized to buy uranium ore and uranium concentrate… In 1959 uranium was the principal mineral export of Canada, and fourth in line among natural resource exports… The period of prosperity ended in 1959, when the US government announced that it would not renew uranium purchase contracts beyond 1962. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/public_mikan/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayItem&lang=eng&rec_nbr=393&rec_nbr_list=393
“The world’s first colbalt-60 cancer-therapy machine was built by Eldorado Mining and Refining Ltd… Canada is now home to the world’s largest medical isotope industry.” http://www.cna.ca/curriculum/cna_can_nuc_hist/nrx_reactor-eng.asp?bc=NRXReactor&pid=NRXReactor
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                                                        Beaverlodge mine outflow
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Union Miniere du Haut Katanga  (UMHK)  “was created on October 28, 1906 as a result of a merger [between] a company created by Leopold II and Tanganyika Concessions Ltd. (a British company…) to exploit the mineral wealth of Katanga. It was jointly owned by the Societe Generale de Belgique, Belgium’s largest holding company..and Tanganyika Concessions Ltd…  In 1922, the UMHK built its first refinery for uranium ore, and by 1926 had a virtual monopoly of the world uranium market” http://www.aadet.com/article/Union_Mini%C3%A8re_du_Haut_Katanga
>>>Leopold II was the first cousin of both Queen Victoria and Prince Albert (a marriage of first cousins of the Saxe-Coburg line) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_I_of_Belgium
   The UMHK was not included in an article I wrote about early atomic development –at the time I didn’t know about the French project in the Sahara, which is a vital piece of information. Nonetheless, the guiding influences (“fathers of the bomb”) and key people (e.g. Herbert Hoover and Lewis Strauss) are here: http://jenniferlake.wordpress.com/2010/11/08/atomic-power-no-contest/
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                                                               Saratoga Springs, NY
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…”where America’s high society and the underworld mingled amidst the glamour of the racetrack and illegal casinos, like Piping Rock.. owned by mobsters Frank Costello, Joe Adonis and Meyer Lansky, who fronted for some of America’s socially privileged”…
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Lansky owned at least two casinos in Saratoga Springs; The Piping Rock Inn (pictured below), burned in a 1954 arson fire, and the Arrowhead Inn, burned in 1969.
photo source http://www.timesunion.com/saratoga/slideshow/Historic-Saratoga-Around-town-16124.php#photo-1121940
“Sidney Robinson of Copacabana says there was no gambling on Saratoga premises, does not know Costello,..disclaims acquaintance with Adonis, Lansky…” http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10F13F73454107B93C0A81782D85F408485F9
In 1934 “Costello..was to accept Louisiana governor Huey Long’s proposal to put slot machines throughout Louisiana for 10% of the take. Frank Costello placed Kastel as the overseer of the Louisiana slot operation. Kastel had the assistance of..Carlos ‘Little Man’ Marcello [birth surname Minacore]…” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_Frank_Costello
“By the end of 1947, Marcello had taken control of Louisiana’s gambling network… Marcello was also assigned a cut of the money skimmed from Las Vegas casinos in exchange for providing muscle in Florida real estate deals. By this time Marcello had been crowned as the Godfather of the Mafia in New Orleans… He was to hold this position for the next 30 years. On March 24, 1959, Marcello appeared before the Senate Committee investigating organized crime. Serving as chief counsel to the committee was Robert F. Kennedy; his brother, Senator John F. Kennedy, was a member of the committee..” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Orleans_crime_family

A look at the interior of Piping Rock Lake House, one of the many places people would go for illegal gambling back in the 1930s and 40s. (Courtesy of Saratoga Springs Historical Museum, George S. Bolster collection) / AL

AFTER PEARL HARBOR
“Meyer’s activities, sanctioned by the government as part of ‘Operation Underworld’ included a..mobilization of Jewish American mobsters against Nazi sympathizers…when the cruise ship Normandie caught fire and capsized at Pier 88 in Manhattan in early February 1942. The Normandie, the largest luxury liner in the world, [had been] seized by the U.S. after France fell to the Nazis. It was being retrofitted..when it was destroyed… The Navy understood that the mafia controlled the waterfront…” http://spectator.org/archives/2011/09/14/operation-underworld/print/
…”U.S. Naval Intelligence approached Joe ‘Socks’ Lanza..who in turn deferred to Lucky Luciano… U.S. Attorney Frank Hogan approached Lansky as a go-between…”
“A meeting was arranged between Commander Charles Radcliffe Haffenden of the Third Naval District and Meyer Lansky at Longchamps restraurant… Domestic sabotage was a non-issue for the remainder of the war.”  http://spectator.org/archives/2011/09/14/operation-underworld/print/
…”Meyer was intensely proud of his service in World War II”…[He said] “I knew it was very necessary to watch the docks.” http://www.americanmafia.com/Feature_Articles_331.html  “After World War II, Lansky set up real-estate firms and invested in Florida and Caribbean real estate…”  http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1989-09-24/features/8903040939_1_al-capone-palm-island-miami-beach/2
 “In 1947 and 1948, [Lansky] pressured Jewish and Italian mobsters to raise money for Israel. Lansky also used his contacts on the New York waterfront to expedite forbidden arms shipments to Israel…” http://www.jewishaz.com/jewishnews/990305/lansky.shtml
…”between 1947 to 1951 a campaign eventually led by..Senator Estes Kefauver, exposed more than two decades of illegalities… Lansky and his associates..found a hospitable climate in Batista’s Cuba and even more opportunity in the..legalized..gambling in Las Vegas… by 1952 all major investment in gambling enterprises had been transferred to other localities.” http://www.hollywoodpolice.org/your_police/history.htm
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Lansky and his compatriots Bugsy Siegel, Frank Costello, and Joe Adonis, were nutured by Arnold Rothstein during Prohibition: “The Reinfeld Syndicate -named after the Newark, New Jersey bootlegger and accused murderer Joseph Reinfeld -functioned as the middleman between the British liquor distilleries and the “Rum Rows” of Boston and New York. Its controlling shareholders were the four Bronfman brothers, Allan, Sam, Edgar, and Charles. The U.S. leg was handled by Reinfeld and Abner “Longie” Zwillman, later the boss of Atlantic City, and Rothstein’s gangs in New York…Under the auspices of Lansky and Torrio, Lucky Luciano succeeded in wiping out all recalcitrant godfathers…A special assassination bureau was set up by Meyer Lansky and Benjamin “Bugs” Siegel. The “Bugs and Meyer Gang” had been distinguished by the fact that they owed allegiance to no one (except maybe Arnold Rothstein); they had originally been used to protect Bronfman liquor shipments across the border against ‘freelance’ hijackers.” …”Arnold Rothstein, Yasha Katzenberg’s employer, was a product of the Rothschild ‘dry goods’ empire that included the Seligman, Wannamaker, and Gimbel families. During Prohibition, according to the Bronfman’s own testimony, Rothstein, Meyer Lansky and Lucky Luciano were the Bronfman’s main distributors…”  [ref. pp274-275 and 278, Dope Inc.]

“After World War II, Mr. Sam [Bronfman] established the National Conference of Israeli and Jewish Rehabilitation, using his considerable smuggling skills to run guns to the Haganah.”  [p281, Dope Inc]  http://lyndonlarouche.org/dope9.pdf

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A point of interest about the Bronfman’s smuggling operations with Al Capone takes place in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, the “little Chicago” of Prohibition. The most well known health lobbyist of all time, Florence Mahoney, got her start in Moose Jaw. Mahoney teamed up with Mary Lasker of the American Cancer Society to become the most formidable duo in D.C. health politics. Mary Lasker, in turn, was the wife of Albert D. Lasker who was introduced to her husband-to-be by Lewis Strauss and friends, Bill (Wild Bill) Donovan of the OSS and Max Epstein. Here’s a link about Moose Jaw, Mr. Sam and Al Capone http://www.lonepinepublishing.com/cat/1-894864-11-5/gallery/excerpt

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Arthur Schlesinger Jr. wrote:
“In March of 1948 Robert Kennedy received his A.B. degree [from Harvard]… The next step..was a trip abroad… Robert set forth on the Queen Mary on March 5 accompanied by a college friend”. He met with his father’s friend, Lord Beaverbrook, aboard for dinner at Joe Kennedy’s request. “Robert remarked that he was going to the Middle East. Beaverbrook said that the United States was a ‘subjugated nation to a Jewish minority’. As for Britain, it had become a ‘satellite to the United States’… After [the first] few days in London, Robert and his companion went on to Cairo…
   “He met a young Jew from Tel Aviv who gave him letters to leaders of Haganah, the Jewish defense organization… The RKO Radio Pictures representative in Cairo, to whom Joseph Kennedy had entrusted the boys, told them they should not go to so agitated a land… On March 26, Good Friday, they flew to Lydda airport and traveled to Tel Aviv by armored car, with Haganah escort… Remembering [he was on] assignment for the Boston Post, Robert talked to everyone he could find –to Haganah soldiers who held the British responsible for everything… He talked to members of the Irgun..that had recently dynamited a British train and the King David Hotel… He visited a kibbutz through the kindness of a Jew who, forty years before, had made speeches in Boston for [RFK's grandfather] Honey Fitz… he talked to a former major in the Russian army who believed that the Russian[s]..’as a whole are more anti-Semitic than the Germans’… He summed up Jerusalem: ‘Firing is going on at all times… More and more horrible stories pouring in… Correspondents all very jumpy…’  [The two] went on to Lebanon…
   “[Kennedy] was considerably impressed by the Jews. ‘They are different from any Jews I have ever known or seen..’  The Boston Post ran four articles from its ‘Special Writer’ in the Middle East on June 3-6. The first bore a headline guaranteed to sell papers in Boston: BRITISH HATED BY BOTH SIDES… His second piece revealed his own commitment. The Jews in Palestine, he wrote, ‘have become an immensely proud and determined people. It is already a truly great modern example of the birth of a nation with the primary ingredients of dignity and self-respect’… [He] praised the Jews in Palestine as ‘hardy and tough’, their ‘spirit and determination’ created not only by their desire for a homeland but by ‘the remembrance of the brutal inhuman treatment received..in the countries in Europe.’ He gave a lyrical account of his kibbutz visit… The Jews, he said, had ‘an undying spirit’ the Arabs could never have. ‘They will fight and they will fight with unparalleled courage.’
   “The third piece was sharply critical of British policy for its ‘bitterness towards the Jews’. As for the United States… We failed because we had been taken in by the British… The final piece dismissed the notion, then prevalent, that a Jewish state might go Communist. ‘That Communism could exist in Palestine,’ Robert Kennedy said, ‘is fantastically absurd. Communism thrives on static discontent… With the type of issues and people involved, that state of affairs is nonexistent. I am as certain of that as of my name.’ …If a Jewish state were formed, it might be the ‘only stabilizing factor’ in the Middle East. ‘The United States and Great Britain before too long a time might well be looking to a Jewish state to preserve a toehold in that part of the world… The United States, through the United Nations, must take the lead in bringing about peace in the Holy Land.’
   …”He did not evidently share his father’s view that the United States should stop minding other peoples’ business.” [pages 73-81, Robert Kennedy and His Times, by Arthur Schlesinger Jr., 1978]
   RFK moved on to law school at Charlottesville (Virginia): “He graduated in June 1951, fifty-sixth in a class of 124.” [p87]… “Congressman John F. Kennedy invited him and their sister Patricia to come along on a trip from Israel to Japan in early October. In Israel an old friend, Congressman Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr., received all the attention..” [p91] Schlesinger wrote that “Seven weeks of arduous travel made them closer than ever before.”
   “At the end of 1951, Robert Kennedy began work for the Department of Justice. The Internal Security Division was engaged in investigations of Soviet agents…[In] a short time Kennedy transferred to the Criminal Division… The work absorbed him –so much so that when his older brother decided to run for the Senate in Massachusetts, Robert, Kenneth O’Donnell later said, was really ‘out of touch with Jack and unaware of Jack’s problems’… The campaign, O’Donnell thought, was headed toward ‘absolute catastrophic disaster’. [O'Donnell] pleaded with Robert Kennedy in New York to come up and take over…
   “Franklin D. Rossevelt Jr. campaigned [for JFK] in Jewish areas where John Kennedy, because of his father’s reputation, was supposed to be weak… Kennedy won by 70,000 [votes]. It was a triumph for Robert as well… Their intimacy grew in the senatorial campaign… ‘All this business about Jack and Bobby being blood brothers has been exaggerated,’ their sister Eunice said. ‘They had different tastes… They didn’t really become close until 1952, and it was politics that brought them together.’ ” [pages 90-96, Robert Kennedy and His Times]
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“John Kennedy was the only Democrat running statewide in Massachusetts to have survived the Eisenhower sweep” –p99, Robert Kennedy and His Times
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Joe McCarthy’s early political career pegged him as “a man of marked personality without known political principles”, according to Schlesinger, whose “crusade against Communists..[was] inadvertantly launched at Wheeling, West Virginia in February 1950.” [ref. p100, Robert Kennedy and His Times] This was literally days after Truman committed the U.S. to thermonuclear weapons, and then “The Korean War began four months after Wheeling.” Lewis Strauss, incidentally, was born near Wheeling, W.V. and though moving his base to Virginia, maintained a powerful ‘toehold’ himself over greater Virginia politics. After the election victories of 1952,  Joe Kennedy appealed to the up-and-coming McCarthy to hire Bobby.  McCarthy had been set up as the chairman of the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Senate’s Government Operations Committee. Lawyer Roy Cohn, “notable for anti-Communist zeal“, had already taken the top post. McCarthy “named young Kennedy an assistant counsel…[where he] undertook a more prosaic inquiry into the trade carried on by American allies with Communist China… Kennedy..pored over the Lloyds of London shipping index… In a couple of months they were able to demonstrate that, since the outbreak of the Korean War, 75 percent of all ships carrying goods to mainland China had sailed under western flags… The British role in the China trade appeared particularly reprehensible… Kennedy’s statistics also showed a large Greek role in the China trade.”
    …Robert’s job on McCarthy’s staff, published by the Boston Post, was “to work on ways to shut off strategic materials of war to countries in the Russian zone, including North Korea. He’ll continue to do so.”[pp101-103, Schlesinger]
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   Korea was the ostensible incentive to re-activate the WWII Nevada Proving Grounds (renamed the Nevada Test Site, NTS) and bring atomic tests home to the desert on the premise that Pacific islands were precariously subject to hostile takeover. In a short time, the NTS proved out its strategic value as a ‘nuclear battlefield’ for imaginative tests of all kinds staged by all branches of the armed forces. The NTS initiated its first series in January of 1951: “All five [weapons] were fired in just eight days.” http://www.atomicarchive.com/Photos/LANL/Ranger.shtml  They were the first of nine-hundred-eighty-something (or more) detonations in Nevada during the “atmospheric” period (1951-1963). The radioactive fallout value of these tests has been recently estimated to be worth 40,000 Hiroshima bombs –but fallout was still a distant commodity in 1951.
   It was McCarthy’s epic Red Scare over the course of 1953 and 1954 that grabbed attention and set the stage for the legendary brotherly teamwork of Jack and Bobby Kennedy.
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Meanwhile…
   The health sector was hastily addressing its fallout problem. In the immediate aftermath of the first Nevada blasts, radioactive snow was scooped up and measured from Ann Arbor to Schenectady. Jonas Salk had been set-to-task at the University of Pittsburgh since 1948, but he wasn’t ready. A colleague in the vaccine effort who came to Pitt to participate in the larger project suggested that the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP, the March of Dimes) throw its financial weight behind a trial of gamma globulin, the antibody-containing blood factors that confer passive immunity.  The March of Dimes was about to sponsor an historical first in human medicine.
   Dr. William McDowell Hammon, who suggested the trial, had been a medical missionary in the Congo before normalizing his career and gaining renown as the dean of medicine at the Univ. of California Berkeley (overseer of Los Alamos). Gamma globulin (‘GG’) had already shown promise against polio as much as two decades earlier. Hammon moved his small contingent of helpers out to Provo Utah and staged the first-ever “double-blind” trial on people (children) during the next Nevada series (Operation Buster-Jangle), smack in the fallout tracks of the previous test. Provo’s trial was “inconclusive”, they said.  Buster-Jangle’s many swaths cut paths over northern Iowa and southern Texas– the ‘GG’ trials moved along to Sioux City IA and Houston the next year.
   The odd epidemiological turn-of-events in Hammon’s GG trials was the way the vaccinators followed after the exposure. The requirements of the double-blind protocols meant that half of the inoculated kids were receiving placebo –saline, as noted. Blood was regularly drawn from everybody for the term of the trial. Curiously, the Nevada Test Site operations between ’51 and ’53 involved slightly less than half the number of total GG vaccinees.  They were Army troops and support staff, near 25,000 men, made to stand ready on the desert floor to witness and experience the A-bombs close up. There are no available records mentioning the Army as giving GG to soldiers at the NTS but by the end of 1953 the GG trials were over anyway. It was expensive and was never intended to be a viable polio vaccine for the public. The NFIP told the press it was organizational “practice”.
    Jonas Salk finally told the NFIP that he was ready, and during 1954, while Salk’s IPV (inactivated poliovirus) was launched on a massive scale, vaccinating 1.8 million schoolchildren in a double-blind trial, the NTS went quiet. There were no atomic blasts in Nevada. Washington, on the other hand, was exploding all over the place. 20 million witnesses watched for thirty-five days as the Red Scare melted down on national television with Robert Kennedy’s help.
   Six months after RFK was hired by McCarthy in ’53, he resigned: “he completed the only solid report ever issued by the committee [and] got out…. ‘With the filing in the Senate of the Subcommittee report on Trade With the Soviet Bloc,’ Kennedy wrote McCarthy formally, ‘the task to which I have devoted my time since coming with the Subcommittee has been completed. I am submitting my resignation’…” [pp106-107, Schlesinger]. For a while, Robert joined the Hoover Commission as his father’s assistant until “the mid-term elections in 1954 produced a Democratic majority in the Senate. John McClellan became chairman of the Investigations Subcommittee, and Robert Kennedy [came back as] chief counsel…[p115]…His brother, though now a member of the Government Operations Committee, was not on the Investigations Subcommittee. [p120] …’Bobby Kennedy’s job was to write out pertinent questions for the Democratic senators to ask at the hearing…He fed his questions to Senator ['Scoop'] Jackson, who used them to fire a barrage of ridicule..’ [Roy Cohn's account, p113]  …Later [Kennedy] commented,’Cohn and Schine took [McCarthy] up the mountain and showed him all those wonderful things. He destroyed himself for that –for publicity..’ [p105]…[RFK] said that he thought the Investigations Subcommittee would gradually return to its old function –looking into waste, fraud, corruption and mismanagement in government.” [p116]  And so it did. As 1955 progressed “The committee dropped out of the headlines… These were good years for the young Kennedys. [pp117-118, Robert Kennedy and His Times, by Arthur Schlesinger Jr.]
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PART III,  still to come…Texas oil, “Peak Oil” declared in 1956 to the benefit of nuclear proliferation, Lewis Strauss in the nexus of JFK assassination events, comparison of ‘legacy papers’ in the creation of books, Oswald in New Orleans, the Rosenwalds, Freeport Sulfur (Freeport McMoRan) and more.
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Additional events:
1951 – Ludwik Gross discovers the polyoma  ‘tumor’ virus, related to SV40 monkey virus; the HeLa cancer cells are taken from patient Henrietta Lacks in February 1951 after the Nevada Test Site’s Operation Ranger and become the culture medium of polioviruses grown for the Salk and Sabin vaccines http://polioforever.wordpress.com/sv40-monkey-virus/
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1952-1953
Earl Warren’s appointment by Eisenhower as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court during Warren’s third term as Governor of California
Christian A. Herter becomes the Governor of Massachusetts (later to become Undersecretary and Secretary of State, offering the ‘transition’ advice to Kennedy to press Israel for nuclear inspections)
–Death of 48-yr-old Senator Brien McMahon of Connecticut, Chairman of the Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy and his replacement by Prescott Bush, October-Nov 1952.” Prescott Bush was a most elusive, secretive Senator…http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/bush/bush4.htm  A little-known fact about Bush that unauthorized biographies don’t mention is his less-than-one-year assumption of McMahon’s seat on the Joint Congressional Atomic Energy committee (the JCAE), a committee so powerful and unbeholden that it was later ruled unconstitutional.
The Great Canadian Uranium Rush was on by 1952. The first commercial strike in 1930 in the Great Bear Lake region of the NWT (Saskatchewan) which launched the Canadian radium industry, turned an unprecendented tide of prospecting into the world’s biggest and best uranium finds. Gilbert LaBine, “Mr. Uranium”, discovered the Gunnar mine in July 1952, but “the best example..is the Algoma (Lake Elliot) discoveries in 1953… By the end of August more than eight thousand claims had been staked..[with] repercussions clear around the globe… giving Canada..the raw material of atomic energy.” http://db.world-nuclear.org/reference/grand.html
1953 — President Eisenhower publicly articulated his plans to promote ATOMS FOR PEACE
                                                        
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2 Comments »

  1. One of the most chilling “decisions” that Lewis Strauss wrote about in Men and Decisions concerned his involvement in the private “peace” negotiations with Japan in the year and months prior to Pearl Harbor. First, here’s a brief context from the pseudonymous Albert D. Pastore, PhD.
    Excerpt from Stranger Than Fiction:
    “In September of 1939, Germany and Poland went to war over disputed territory that was taken away from Germany by the Versailles Treaty of 1918. Under the phony pretext of protecting Poland, Great Britain and France immediately declared war on Germany (conveniently ignoring the fact that Stalin’s Soviet Union had also invaded Poland). Germany pleaded with Britain and France (the Allies) to withdraw their war declarations, but to no avail. The Allies continued their massive military buildup along Germany’s frontiers… In the spring of 1940, the war in Western Europe began when Germany launched pre-emptive invasions of Norway, Holland, and Belgium [where the Allies established invasion forces], pinning the British and French forces on the beaches…
    “In the United States, the Zionist Mafia again went to work on a US president. The nanes of the players had changed but the game was still the same. [Bernard] Baruch was still pulling presidential strings along with other Zionist ‘advisors’, including Henry Morganthau [Sec. of Treasury], Eugene Myer, and Harold Ickes [Sec. of Interior]. Myer, a business associate of Baruch, bought the Washington Post during this time… For his part, Ickes, FDR’s Secretary of the Interior, banned the sale of helium to Germany in 1934. This forced the Germans to use flammable hydrogen to operate their famous airships. The Hindenburg Airship disaster of 1937 was due in large part to Harold Ickes’ vindictive helium sanctions against Germany.
    “It was ..Roosevelt’s turn to deliver the US into another European war. Patriotic Americans including famed aviator Charles Lindbergh saw this and tried to warn the American people that Zionist media influence was intending to drive us into another World War. Said Lindbergh: ‘I am not attacking the Jewish people. But I am saying that the leaders of both the Brirish and the Jewish races, for reasons which are as understandable from their viewpoint as they are inadvisable from ours, for reasons which are not American, wish to involve us in the war.’
    “Because of strong public anti-war sentiment, as well as the growing realization that World War I was a total waste, FDR and his Zionist handlers were having a difficult time dragging the US into another bloody European war. It would take a serious ‘incident’ to get the USA into World War II. Germany had wisely refused to respond to FDR’s provocations (impounding of German vessels, assisting the British in attacking German ships, etc.) so FDR began baiting Japan instead. Japan and Germany were bound to a mutual defense agreement, which meant that war with Japan would automatically mean war with Germany. This gave FDR a ‘back door’ to get into the war. He shut down the ‘neutral’ Panama Canal to Japanese shipping, ordered US battlrships to cruise through Japanese waters, and embargoed Japan’s wartime oil supply, hoping these agressive moves would force Japan’s hand. It worked.”
    [pages 20-21, Stranger Than Fiction, Albert D. Pastore]
    *
    Lewis Strauss wrote: “There were [those] who thought that war was coming, and from the East, unless affirmative steps were taken to head off the cataclysm. Diplomacy seemed in the grip of paralysis. One man in the Diplomatic Service emerges from the period with vision and great stature, Joseph C. Grew, our experienced Ambassador to Tokyo. His advice seems to have been largely unheeded.
    “Two American priests, Father James M. Drought, vicar-general of the Maryknoll Fathers, and Bishop James E. Walsh, took an initiative as concerned citizens. Bishop Walsh is today [1961] held prisoner, and incommunicado, by the Communist Chinese Gevernment, and I have not been able to consult him concerning..details of the incident I am about to relate. Father Drought is dead. During his lifetime, he was my close friend.
    “Our association began when he had asked me to review his order’s financial investments which had suffered during the depression of 1929-32. Thereafter I acted as a part-time adviser to Maryknoll. Father Drought was a young priest of good education, personal charm, humor, and a genuine dedication to his fellow men. He had been of comfort and practical assistance during the months when Father Coughlin, a demogogue of the 1930s, was spreading religious and racial hate over the radio. Father Drought had played an important role in bringing that disgraceful episode to a close.
    “Early in November 1940, Father Drought came to see me with Bishop Walsh to say that they proposed to go to Japan. The Maryknoll Mission had long been engaged in the Far East… However on this occasion they planned to visit and, if possible, to persuade highly placed persons in the Japanese Government that the course upon which they were embarked would lead to war with us, and a war in which their defeat would be inevitable. They had only a few acquaintances in Japan, but they had made a contact with Foreign Minister Matsuoka. This had given them some encouragement to believe that Japan might abandon the pact with Germany and Italy, restore the territory which had been seized from China [Manchuria] and withdraw Japanese military forces from occupied Chinese territory. The two priests asked if I would..give them letters of introduction to [my] friends in Japan.
    “Thirty-five years earlier, the banking partnership [Kuhn, Loeb & Co]..had supported Japan in the Russo-Japanese War. One of the great founding partners of the firm, the great philanthropist Jacob Schiff, had visited Japan in 1906 as the guest of the Japanese Government, and twenty years later, in 1926, I retraced his steps, as told earlier… I had continued a correspondence with most of these [Japan officials and bankers] and felt that they would be glad to receive my two friends…
    “To these men I addressed letters introducing Father Drought and Bishop Walsh. The addressees included, besides Wakatsuki, Mr. Yamagata in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs…; Tadeo Wikawa, who had been Japanese Financial High Commissioner in New York…;Juichi Tsushima of the Bank of Japan; Baron Mitsui..; Eigo Fukai of the Bank of Japan;…[e.g.]Okubo, the son-in-law of my old friend Baron Takahashi, who had been assassinated by war-party fanatics in 1936.
    “On Armistice Day [11-11-1940], Father Drought and Bishop Walsh sailed for Yokohama on a Japanese liner and arrived..November 24. They began their conversations with Japanese..immediately. Early in 1941 they returned to the United States with a result considered by both of them to be highly encouraging. They had conferred with many influential Japanese whose friendship for the United States was apparently genuine and who seemed confident that the steps necessary to restore good relations could be taken by Japan. When they telephoned upon landing, I suggested that before going to Washington they might call to see Mr. Hoover and get his advice. The former president was then living in Palo Alto, California, only a few miles from San Francisco. Mr. Hoover heard their story and suggested that it was of sufficient importance to be related to President Roosevelt at once. However, by reason of the barriers to communication which existed between him and the President, Mr. Hoover did not feel that he could provide them with an entree. Therefore, [Hoover] proposed that they should first call on the Postmaster General, Frank C. Walker, for that purpose. Mr. Walker was a Catholic and the two priests met with him promptly. Walker was likewise impressed and arranged an interview with President Roosevelt, at which the volunteer peacemakers laid before him the results of their conversations. Both the Postmaster General and Secretary of State Cordell Hull were present at this meeting in the White House.
    “At this point, perhaps, the amateurs should have been thanked for their trouble and dismissed, but apparently the President and Secretary Hull decided that the two priests should continue their personal contacts with the Japanese on an informal basis and attempt to codify just what they understood the Japanese were willing to concede. The result was that in April [1941] a paer upon which they had collaborated and..called ‘Draft Understanding’ was delivered to the Secretary of State by the Postmaster General. It seems to have been the combined work of Father Drought, Bishop Walsh, a military attache of the Japanese Embassy, Colonel Hideo Iwakuro..and Wikawa himself.
    …”The hazard of amateurism in this negotiation was compounded shortly afterwards when the Japanese Government sent Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura to Washington as a special envoy. Nomura was an officer of highest rank and..reputation in his field, but with limited practical experience in other areas and none apparently in foreign affairs. Notwithstanding the availability of interpreters for conferences between Nomura and Hull, they seem to have seen each other, most frequently alone. This may have been due to the unfortunate fact that Admiral Nomura spoke a smattering of English..when in fact he was substantially unable to follow what had been said… Thus, the two men had a number of meetings in person, but it would appear almost no meeting of minds.
    …”Secretary Hull records that on March 14 he took Admiral Nomura to see the President. The Admiral told the President that Japan desired but three things in China: ‘Good will, economic cooperation and defense against Communism.’ And then, ‘picking up on Nomura’s reference to Communism in China, the President remarked that the people of China were constituted very differently from those of Russia and had a philosophy that stabilized and guided them along much broader lines. China, he said, was not really communistic in the same sense as Russia, and Japan had an undue fear of Communism in China.’
    …”In a meeting at Secretary Hull’s apartment..a month later, Hull handed..Nomura a document containing ‘four principles’ which were stipulations that the United States would insist upon before negotiating an agreement with Japan. These were: respect for the territorial integrity and the sovereignty of all nations; support of the principle of noninterference in the internal affairs of other countries; support of the principle of equality, including equality of commercial opportunity; and finally, the principle that the status quo in the Pacific should not be altered other than by peaceful means. Admiral Nomura did not cable these four principles to the Japanese Foreign Office for nearly a month…
    “Typical of the failure of minds to meet, the Drought-Walsh-Iwakuro-Wikawa ‘Draft Understanding’ reached Japan in a dispatch from Nomura under circumstances which led the Japanese to assume that it was a wholly [official] American composition. Its arrival overjoyed those in Japan who hoped for uninterrupted good relations with the United States, and it is said that my friend, former Premier Wakatsuki ‘wept with joy’ upon being informed ‘of the proposal received from Washington’. This misunderstanding persisted in Japanese circles until after the end of the war. There has probably been no sadder indictment of unprofessional diplomacy than the Nomura mission. It is difficult to understand how a government in a time of supreme crisis should have entrusted its relations with a powerful adversary to a man of such limited practical experience in negotiation. There is an awesome lesson in this…
    “Hull finally met the two Japanese negotiators who were assisting Bishop Walsh and Father Drought. Colonel Iwakuro made a good impression, and Hull found him ‘a fine type..’ My friend Wikawa, on the other hand, struck him as being the ‘slick politician type’. Wikawa was not in politics, had been educated as a banker, and for years had been stationed in New York as the Financial High Commissioner of the Japanese Government. His English was perfect. At the time that Wikawa and Iwakuro were negotiating with Bishop Walsh and Father Drought, [Wikawa] was a high official of the Cooperative Bank of Japan. He did not survive the war.
    “On June 21, Secretary Hull presented Ambassador Nomura with a note in which he asked for some concrete evidence that the constantly reiterated Japanese desire for peace was real. By then, the Japanese were..in the midst of a cabinet upheaval and the note went without answer while the Japanese army in Indochina continued to push forward…
    “To refresh himself, Hull went to White Sulpher Springs in July. On July 13, Nomura traveled from Washington to that resort to see the Secretary… Hull refused to see him. It was reported that some of Hull’s advisers thought it might be good to ‘put the Admiral in his place’ and not to see him at any and every time he sought an appointment. In this state of affairs, President Roosevelt issued the order on July 26 freezing all Japanese assets in the United States. The Navy regarded that action as tantamount to a trigger…
    “The door which had been opened by Father Drought and Bishop Walsh was about to be slammed. The Japanese war party took advantage of every diplomatic fumble… I was not among those who were able to predict the beginning of the war and the hemisphere in which it would start. Although the entire atmosphere was charged with the electricity of the approaching storm, its imminence was no more apparent to me than to those in the Navy Department beside whom I was working. There were indications on my desk, however, had I been able to understand them… In retrospect, it is difficult to explain the peculiar and general obtuseness during those last months before the war… Ambassador Grew had reported to Washington, ten months before the fact, that he had heard rumors of plans for a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. It is interesting to speculate how such a leak could have occurred in a nation as security-conscious as Japan. Grew also noted in his diary,’I rather guess that the boys in Pearl Harbor are not precisely asleep.’
    Admiral Nomura presented one note which proposed a sort of summit conference..between President Roosevelt and the Prime Minister, Prince Konoye…a suggestion of Father Drought. It was not rejected out of hand by Secretary Hull, but was answered with the stipulation that a solution of..differences..between the governments would have to be a precondition…
    “The volunteer intermediaries, Bishop Walsh and Father Drought, now passed completely from the picture… The belief that a war could come with catastrophic suddeness now became a conviction in the minds of a number of military leaders. Admiral Stark (..one of the first casualties after December 7) had prophetically chosen November 7 to write to Admiral Kimmel at Pearl Harbor: ‘A month may see literally almost anything…It doesn’t look good.’
    …In consequence…the December decision in Tokyo started a chain reaction of events.. significantly.. precipitated the first use of a new weapon which..otherwise never [would] have been used or even tested…” [pages 121-130]
    Strauss’s APPENDIX (page 434) reveals:”Father Drought suffered internal injuries as a result of an airplane accident..he died in 1943. In my file I have a few words of his written to me in the nature of a political testament [unrevealed until included in Men and Decisions]:
    Father Drought wrote: “Seldom in history have the opponents in a conflict been equally prepared. The agressor conceives well his purposes and methods of execution; the defendent gropes for weapons and fights an emergency defense long, often years, before he has realized the full impact of the conflict. It is folly to affirm the efficacy of a defense unless it has been organized with a clear perception of the nature and character of the attack. This is true in all fields of operation, whether military, diplomatic, economic, or cultural… So long as we can be kept, or keep ourselves, distracted by secondary and conflicting issues, defense will be impossible and we will assume progressively the character of supine victims. Greater than our need of arms, of wealth, or of anything else is the urgent and compelling necessity of realizing the nature of the threat to the world today and of communicating that realization to others.
    “Communism is the terminal and volcanic explosion of the forces of spiritual disbelief and philosophical negation that have been agitating for years as an underground. Communists are religiously determined to attain a managed utopia. They are able to persuade their people to die in the attempt to attain their utopia and for it they will corrupt the humanity in which we believe and to whose perfection we aspire. They do not believe in hope; they do not believe in free will; and they will destroy ruthlessly without a twinge of regret, the millions who insist on so believing. They are consumed with the compelling urgency of leveling all humanity and of reducing it to dimensions which they can manage.”
    *
    Strauss makes no note of the date when he received this letter from Father Drought, but the evidence here is that “communism” was on the table when Nomura met with FDR for the first time, therefore Strauss and Hoover were certainly well informed (and pre-informed) of the intentions of Father Drought, Bishop Walsh, and the Japanese negotiators prior to any White House meetings. Particular relevance to the fates of Father Drought and Bishop Walsh concerning their close association with Lewis Strauss, is a trail of deaths, suicides, and ruined careers in the wake of dealings with their “friend” Mr. Strauss (see part Five for more). Startling, that Strauss was a ‘hub’ in the failed communication that led to Pearl Harbor (which he chalks up to incompetence and diplomatic ‘fumbles’), but stunning in the suggestion that without a war with Japan, nuclear weapons would not have been ‘used’ or tested.

    Comment by jenniferlake — March 5, 2012 @ 3:22 pm | Reply

  2. The Last Mogul
    [by Dennis McDougal, 1998]

    p277-278

    “The Kennedys of Massachusetts had a long history in Hollywood. As early as 1926, father Joe Kennedy invested part of his bootlegging fortune in the Film Booking Office of America, and went on to take over Pathe-DeMille Productions and the Keith-Albee-Orpheum theater chain… Besides producing fifty low-budget, high-profit movies each year, Kennedy forged lifelong friendships with filmland denizens like William Randolph Hearst and movie morality czar Will Hays… By the time the stock market crashed in 1929…he made movie history by merging three companies to form Radio-Keith-Orpheum. He sold the company to RCA’s David Sarnoff for a cool $5 million, and RKO went on to become one of Hollywood’s biggest production mills. While Joe never dabbled in moviemaking again, the patriarch..did retain his Hollywood contacts, visited Beverly Hills often, and encouraged his children to do the same.

    [footnote 2, p277: “Mafia boss Frank Costello maintained that he and rumrunner Joe Reinfeld were Kennedy’s partners..smuggling liquor…”

    [footnote 3, p278: "Joe Kennedy never completely quit Hollywood. In 1936, when Sarnoff asked him to save RKO from bankcruptcy, Kennedy completely reorganized the corporation, slashed hundreds of jobs, and charged Sarnoff $150,000 for his advice. When Adolph Zukor asked him to do the same for Paramount Pictures, Kennedy charged only $50,000, but it cost William Randolph Hearst $10,000 a week to get Kennedy to overhaul his newspaper and newsreel empire."]

    “Thus, when John F. Kennedy was old enough, the film capital became his playground and movie stars were his playmates… By the time the future president entered Congress for the first time in 1946, JFK was already a Hollywood habitue, numbering actor Walter Huston, producer Sam Speigel, and agent-producer Charles Feldman among his West Coast pals… He..met Marilyn Monroe for the first time at one of Feldman’s parties…”

    Comment by jenniferlake — April 4, 2012 @ 10:32 pm | Reply


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