Jennifer Lake's Blog

March 20, 2017

Atomic Oswald Two

The “bulletin board” saga  continues from the original post, for ease of reading, now after two years of filling in the holes. Atomic Agent Oswald leaves off in the detailing of the 1959 defection of Robert E. Webster, employee of the Rand Development Corporation of Cleveland Ohio, described as a CIA front.

*Catch up with the original post here:

Robert Edward Webster* defected to the USSR on Saturday October 17, 1959, allegedly at a meeting in the American embassy of Moscow accompanied by his “employers” H. James Rand and George H. Bookbinder –however– according to E.J. Epstein’s chapter notes in Legend, Webster defected under duress from a Soviet police station by handing over a written statement.

Webster’s so-called defection came one day after Lee Oswald’s arrival in Moscow on the 16th. There was commotion at the embassy that day, the 16th, when “Russell A. Langelle, the chief security officer in the Moscow embassy, was charged with espionage, declared persona non grata.. [after being]‘kidnapped by five unidentified Russians’ who had then threatened him and his family and tried to blackmail and bribe him into becoming a Soviet espionage agent.” p277, Mole, by William Hood,1982. –the Langelle story appeared in the New York Times Oct. 18. “…Langelle returned to the United States on 25 October…” p280, ibid. Six days later on Saturday 31 October, exactly two weeks after Webster, Lee Harvey Oswald entered the embassy to announce his defection. No record yet  indicates the presence of additional people from Rand Development or the Commerce Department during Oswald’s defection.
The window on Webster’s world reveals a fascinating subset of intelligence activity with direct bearing on the heart of this thesis, perhaps the most speculative aspect of the posts regarding a counter-proliferation role for Oswald. Internal memos from the CIA requested by the HSCA investigation note that Rand and Bookbinder had traveled previously in 1958 to the USSR with “Brigadier General” W. Randolph Lovelace, an eminent physician with Atomic Energy Commission contracts who co-founded the Lovelace Clinic in Albuquerque New Mexico. One memo reads: “For your information, only Rand, Bookbinder, and Lovelace have had frequent contact with Soviet officials both in the United States and the USSR, including Mikhail Ilich Bruk, formerly with the Soviet Ministry of Health, who was identified by AEDONER [Yuri Nosenko] as an agent of the KGB. You will note that Rand was the employer of Robert E. Webster who defected…”
Dr. ‘Randy’ Lovelace*  appointed in 1958 to become NASA’s chairman of its Life Sciences. Later in April of 1964, LBJ invested Lovelace as NASA Director of Space Medicine, a post he held for barely 8 months until dying in a small plane crash with his wife and pilot.
   The Lovelace Foundation, research arm of the clinic, housed and tested U-2 pilots and astronauts for the government looking for The Right Stuff. The foundation was created in 1947 when, after losing two sons to polio, Lovelace left his job as Chief of Surgery for the Mayo Clinic and moved back to New Mexico. He hired Dr. Clayton S. (Sam) White to run the foundation on the “Mayo model”.  Dr. White pioneered the AEC contracts, which included nuclear blast effects on humans and the creation of the Fission Products Inhalation Project. The Lovelace Foundation gained extra space for its sophisticated atomic experiments and simulations at Kirtland Air Force Base, home to the Sandia Corporation.
“Sandia is the direct descendent of Los Alamos’s Manhattan Project ordnance engineering division that turned the Little Boy and Fat Man bombs into deployable weapons… known as Los Alamos ‘Z’ Division, established at what is now Kirtland Air Base… Sandia became a separate lab in 1949..[and] is the most diverse of the three nuuclear weapons labs… Sandia is also the “foreman” of the..nuclear weapons complex, acting as its liason to the Pentagon… Sandia’s secondary mission is studying nuclear weapons ‘effects’, which are not the horrific effects of nuclear weapons on humans and the environment..[but] the effects of nuclear weapons on nuclear weapons, to make sure they are radiation hardened..[to] operate in..a nuclear war.”
The other effects, i.e. on humans, were contracted to Lovelace. This is the era of “nuclear battlefields” where soldiers were expected to take ground contaminated by radioactive fallout. Here’s a sample report of blast and radiation effects produced as a collaboration of the AEC, Lovelace Foundation and Sandia Corp.
                                                                                  *Lovelace Foundation Clinic*
  Dr. Sam White’s adoring younger brother Byron was at that time making his mark in the world of football and law, and in 1960, Byron R. White became the Colorado manager of the JFK for President campaign. JFK rewarded Byron White by appointing him Deputy Attorney General of the United States, under brother Bobby Kennedy.  The friendship between them dated back to their college days when White met the Kennedy family in London while he was preparing to enter Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar. During WWII as an ONI officer, White wrote up the report on JFK’s PT109 incident.
*   *Byron R. White with Kennedys
Here possibly was an inside track for the Kennedys to get information about nuclear testing, fallout, and a potential back- channel to the Soviets.
“A choice of cancer or polio”**:
   Medical technology was listed as the principal commodity of the Atoms For Peace program when the government distributed its manuals in 1956, a broadly defined field already in advanced development. To this day, the standard history of polio omits a causal relationship with radiation. A famed collaboration to produce a global polio vaccine was well underway with the Soviets by 1958.
The Russian scientists, led by Deputy Minister of Health Dr. Viktor Zhdanov and leading polio expert, Dr. Mikhail Chumakov of Moscow’s Institute for the Study of Polio, actually refined Sabin’s vaccine and developed it into a useful form that could be taken orally. Russian scientists then conducted trials of the vaccine on a massive scale. In all, well over 70 million people in the Soviet Union received the Sabin vaccine. Its successful use in the Soviet Union established the vaccine internationally, and the Sabin vaccine was subsequently widely used in the United States and became the worldwide standard vaccine for the prevention of polio.”
In February of 1962, and again in August, the Sabin polio vaccines were shipped into Cuba for mass inoculations. For the record, it was the CIA chief John McCone, most recently chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, who stood his ground in August of 1962 that nuclear missiles were being deployed to Castro’s Cuba:
“On August 21, Robert Kennedy asked McCone if the CIA caould stage a phony attack on the American military base at Guantanamo Bay as a pretext for an American invasion of Cuba. McCone demurred. He told John Kennedy in private the next day that an invasion could be a fatal mistake. He warned the president for the first time that he thought the Soviets might be installing medium-range ballistic missiles in Cuba. If so, an American sneak attack might set off a nuclear war. [p222] He advocated raising a public alarm about the likelihood of a Soviet missile base. The president instantly rejected that idea, but he wondered aloud whether the CIA’s guerillas or American troops would be needed to destroy the missile sites –if they existed. At that point, no one but McCone was convinced that they did.
…Thirty-eight Soviet ships had docked in Cuba in the past seven weeks, McCone told the president.[p223] Their cargo “might contain missile parts. We do not know.”
…A U-2 flight passed over Cuba on August 29. Its film was processed overnight. On August 30, a CIA analyst bent over his light table and shouted: I’ve got a SAM site! It was a surface-to-air missile, an SA-2, the same Soviet weapon that had brought the U-2 down over Russia.”[p224, Legacy of Ashes, by Tim Weiner, 2007]
They tell us this is what the photoanalyst saw on August 30, 1962*
–a characteristic defensive Russian surface-to-air missile(SAM) site*
**Song lyrics, The Salt of the Earth: “…Raise your glass to the hard working people… Who need leading but get gamblers instead… And a parade of the gray suited grafters, A choice of cancer or polio” –Rolling Stones, Beggars Banquet 1968
* Albert Sabin and Victor Zhdanov in 1958 * Governments have concealed the spread of polio (brain infection) occurring with nuclear industry, including x-ray use and electronic RF. Not surprisingly, Oswald’s concealed New Orleans milieu was rooted in activities of cancer and polio. “Webster’s window” in the USSR may have been similar, whether or not Webster himself was any more than a diversionary defector, a “double dangle.”  It is inherent in the study of radiation injuries to encounter cancer and polio.
   “In the first five months of 1959, ten million children in the Soviet Union received the Sabin oral vaccine.”
“In addition to his accomplishments in the field of public health, Zhdanov chaired the [USSR] Interagency Science and Technology Council on Molecular Biology and Genetics, which among its many functions directed the Soviet biological weapons program.”
According to sources, Robert Webster began planning his defection in May of 1959 as a professional visitor in Russia with Rand Development Corp.  Anthony Summers called Rand Development Corp “one of the first American companies to negotiate with the Soviet Union for the purchase of technical products and information… A Congressional Expense Inquiry shows that Rand Development held several CIA contracts. The president of Rand Development, Henry Rand,  has been identified as a senior veteran of the Office of Strategic Services –or OSS– the forerunner of the CIA. So too was another top official of the company, George Bookbinder. Rand Development’s onetime Washington representative, Christopher Bird, was a CIA agent.” p148, Conspiracy, by Anthony Summers, 1980
   The source on Rand Development’s product sharing with the Soviets appears to come from the Mankind Research Unlimited Inc.’s bio-sketch on Christopher Bird. MRU and its fundraising foundation MRF were not incorporated until 1973, but Bird’s professional relationship with Rand dates from his years “after military service”, about the same time that he became the assistant of Cleveland industrial-financier Cyrus S. Eaton for the purpose of organizing the international nuclear disarmament conferences known as ‘Pugwash’, held first in July of 1957. Eaton sponsored and hosted not less than three Pugwash conferences between 1957 and 1959. The extent of Christopher Bird’s involvement with Eaton and Pugwash is not yet known. Cyrus Eaton, who got his start in working life during school summer vacations on the estate of John D. Rockefeller, made many trips to the USSR including a reception to receive the Lenin Peace Prize in 1960.
–see pages 34-35
Pugwash 1957 conferees* Pugwash, Nova Scotia, hosted by Cyrus S. Eaton. The Fifth Pugwash conference held August 24-29, 1959 in Nova Scotia was the last hosted by Eaton. It was also the first to engage the threat of chemical and biological warfare (CBW): “most of what Pugwash does, whether on CBW or anything else, takes place under ground rules that forbid disclosure [without consent]… Pugwash came into existence because it was able able to build [on] two attributes –access to policy levels of government and trans-national peer-grouping– into something for which a..need existed: an enduring open framework for East-West dialogue on security-related issues at a time sus[icions and propaganda were clogging the more conventional channels of communication… [T]he fact that Pugwash did not seek to operate in the public eye..enabled governments to tolerate it…”
*** “Eaton spent his summer vacations working at Rockefeller’s estate and returned to Cleveland upon graduation… Rockefeller offered him full-time employment. An early assignment was to placate property owners whose lawns were being torn up by the East Ohio Gas Company… [D]uring the 1920s ‘he was into everything, buying, selling, swapping, maneuvering, manipulating. His touch was the purest gold,’ wrote E.J.Kahn Jr. in..New Yorker magazine in 1977. His innumerable holding companies owned utilities, steel mills, a major portion of Goodyear Tire, [mines] and..other businesses… As early as the 1920s he was Herbert Hoover’s guest at the White House…”

“There are no Communists in America to speak of except in the minds of those on the payroll of the F.B.I.,” he said in the spring of 1958. It delights him to be able to bring persons he unquestioningly identifies as Communists into his familiar capitalistic orbit…”  (Oct.1977 New Yorker article by E.J.Kahn Jr.)

Eaton made his first well-publicized ‘peaceful trade’ business trip to the USSR in August of 1958.
Goodyear Tire and Rubber is another prime example of corporate adventurism into nuclear industry:
“In April 1952, the [U.S.] Atomic Energy Commission announced a proposed new expansion of the nation’s atomic energy program…[which would include] a new gaseous diffusion plant to increase the production of fissionable materials… [T]he commission [chose]..a site in Pike County Ohio for the new plant…   A new name would be brought into atomic energy plant operations when Goodyear Atomic Corporation was selected as the operating contractor in September 1952.”
 The Secret Life of Plants* *coauthors Christopher Bird*and OSS veteran Peter Tompkins* l**
Peter Tompkins’ WWII/OSS partisan resistance fighter networks in Italy, Corsica, Sicily, and North Africa were largely assumed by James J. Angleton who became the OSS/CIA station chief in Rome.
*Rand at 1957 press conference holding electron microscope image of viruses. Did “Dr. Henry Rand” participate in the “vaccine diplomacy” of the Sabin/USSR polio campaign? Is this the genesis of Rand’s future cancer vaccine? Ultimately, the vaccine question is if the polio/cancer combination was a nuclear battlefield prophylactic to radiation-harden humans. The same protocols, if successful, had applications for nuclear-powered aircraft,  bomber pilots, and deep space travelers.


The CBW Pugwash conference of 1959, hosted by Eaton and assisted by Bird, was organized by Dr. Martin M. Kaplan, a Philadelphia veterinarian who became the chief of medical research for the World Health Organization. In 1955, Dr. Kaplan and his colleague from the Wistar Institute, the controversial Hilary Koprowski, spent time in Kenya teaching the locals how to make ‘primitive’ laboratory vaccines. Koprowski was also competing at the time to make a universal polio vaccine and later became embroiled in his own defense over charges that his African lab work was the origin of AIDS.

Researcher Gary Hill:
“It occurred to me it is not appearance but personality that links these two individuals [Webster and Oswald]. Therefore since…both men appear to have been manipulated in their behavior, then perhaps they were chosen because of their similarities. If so, then the same forces controlled both men…
   “That this company [Rand Development] is a CIA front is not news…however, its interest in hypnosis and mind-control as an intelligence tool may be… Could Bird be the key to Webster’s odyssey? According to [author Dick] Russell, Bird would later become ‘Biocommunications Editor/Russian Translator’ for Mankind Research Unlimited Inc…[with a] company capabilities list included [as] ‘brain and mind-control… acquiring on a daily basis a large amount of unique bio-cybernetics data from Eastern Europe. MKUltra gave the CIA an alternative to false defectors…Programmable defectors..willingly believing [in] false information… It is interesting that at this point the numbers of defectors took a sharp increase… Oswald had been hospitalized and incarcerated for periods adequate to allow the process to occur.” Fourth Decade, July and September 1995 issues
Christopher Bird may at least be a key to Rand Development and the activities of H. James Rand.
   A deeper association of some kind between Rand and Lovelace Foundation is confirmed in the sanitized “papers” collection of Floyd B. Odlum, chairman of the Lovelace Foundation and owner of Atlas Corporation who oversaw a uranium mining empire.
see personal correspondence item section #9 on page 13 of 105: “James Rand”–this could be either father or son, but coincident with the Lovelace Foundation’s collaborations with the Atomic Energy Commission and National Institutes of Health in the 1951-1953 time period. Also of note in this immediate subsection of Odlum’s papers are “scientific psychic studies” which recurs with specificity from this point onward.
  *** Odlum specialized in the financial investor-funded acquisition, reorganization and merging of companies in the great wave of mega-corporations that arose in the first decades of the 20th century. He owned Consolidated Vultee Aircraft –Convair– when it won the contract to build the first nuclear-powered aircraft.
   Additionally, “In 1951, the Air Material Command..awarded Convair Project MX-1593 a contract to intercontinental ballistic missile. Convair engineer Karl Bossart named the project “Atlas” and Convair began to develop America’s first ICBM… In 1952, Convair received a contract to develop a supersonic bomber to succeed the Boeing B-47…”
Consolidated Aircraft’s history up to the merge with General Dynamics in 1954:
General Dynamics gained the Convair plants in San Diego CA, Pomona CA, and Fort Worth TX. It “could now bid on U.S. aerospace contracts…  The Convair Division would operate over the next half century primarily as an independent company under the General Dynamics corporate umbrella.”
“In 1955 a gift of 320 acres of land from the city of San Diego helped [John Jay] Hopkins to establish the General Atomics Division. In collusion with the City Council, Hopkins was instrumental in persuading the Regents of the University of California [contract operators of Los Alamos weapons lab] to establish a ‘scientific and technical’ branch at La Jolla.”  The University of California San Diego was born. Further offspring soon joined the complex as the Scripps Institute of Oceanography and Salk Institute of Biological Studies.
A web of personal associations between H.James Rand and Odlum could be present in the following facts:
Rand’s wife, Martha Osborne Rand,was employed by Bonwit Teller, a women’s quality apparel store in New York, bought by the Odlums/AtlasCorp in 1934 and personally managed by (ex-) Mrs. Odlum for the next fifteen years. Other questions raised above have suggestive answers in the environment of Cleveland, the Cleveland Clinic, Case Western Reserve University, the Case Institute of Technology, and the Pugwash collaborations of Bird and Cyrus Eaton.
   Case Western Medical hired Frederick C. Robbins in 1952 who shared the 1954 Nobel Prize in Medicine for groundbreaking work on the isolation and growing of polioviruses, making the Salk and Sabin vaccines possible. Rand had a working relationship with Case Medical personnel, in at least one instance resulting in a successful product in 1947– a heart defibrillator co-developed with Dr. Claude S. Beck who was also hired in 1952 by the University. Dr. Robbins, incidentally, after retiring as the medical dean in 1980, worked on special tasks for the U.S. government which included becoming chairman of NASA Life Sciences Strategic Planning Study Committee during Reagan/Bush. To say that Robbins was well-connected in the nuclear establishment is an understatement. His father, William Jacob Robbins, was a renown plant physiologist, Director of the New York Botanical Gardens and laboratory, and longtime operative of the Rockefeller Foundation. The elder Robbins’ annual fishing buddies counted among them Karl T. Compton of MIT (native to the Cleveland area) and Jerome C. Hunsaker, a titan of aviation and director of NACA, NASA’s predecessor. All had worked for special projects of the Atomic Energy Commission. Frederick Robbins brother, Daniel Harvey Robbins, was a vice-president of Itek Corporation and optics engineer contributing to classified camera work for the CIA, used in the U-2, Corona, and subsequent spy satellites.
   Case Technology employed T. Keith Glennan, who became an AEC Commissioner in 1950, returned to Case after his term and became the first chief of NASA in 1958. Glennan was the head of NASA when H.J.Rand and Bookbinder were escorting NASA’s top medical man around the USSR. Floyd Odlum and his second wife, aviator Jacqueline Cochran, were also traveling in Russia in this time period, extending over the defections of Webster and Oswald.
The operating founders of the Cleveland Clinic, the Drs.Crile, father and son, lived next-door to Rand.
  James H. Rand III bought this ‘sanitarium’ and hotel in 1934 (his approx. age 22) and renamed it Ohio Institute of Oxygen Therapy, used for research and closed down two years later. The hyperbaric steel sphere was later dismantled for scrap in the war effort. “Oxygen therapy” was precisely the shared interest of Dr. Randy Lovelace and Dr. Sam White which brought them together as colleagues and friends.***
Taking the suggestion from Gary Hill that Webster and Oswald were controlled by the same Forces, namely Rand Development Corp. providing oversight of both defectors, a relevant timeline [to be posted] emerges full of possibility. Added to the timeline activity is an even greater resource from the legacy documents of Cyrus S. Eaton: the Eaton Papers at the Western Reserve Historical Society. Cursory perusal of the collection presents nearly every contextual element supporting the Atomic Agent Oswald framework described here.
   While the lists make only guesswork of the contents, the evidence of longstanding personal contact with Eaton includes James H. Rand, Christopher Bird, David Rockefeller, Edward Teller, Lewis Strauss, Clint Murchison Sr. and family, the Mellon family, Rockefeller family members and Rockefeller Foundation, John J. McCloy, John McCone, George Kennan, Roger Revelle (of Scripps Institute of Oceanography), Linus Pauling, Leo Szilard, Allen Dulles, Dean Rusk, Alfred P. Sloan, Leo Cherne, Earl Warren, Harry Byrd, Henry Kissinger and many more recognizable people. Business contacts range over the alphabet from Alcoa, Anglo-American (South Africa), Atlas Corporation, Dresser Industries, Dupont, Kerr-McGee, Itek, Loeb Rhodes & Co, Pfizer, Seagram & Sons, Sears Roebuck, Shell Oil, Standard Oil, RCA, Rio Tinto Zinc, TRW, Texas Gulf Sulphur, Textron (owner of Bell Helicopter), U.S. Rubber, Vanadium Corp. and various mining companies in taconite (iron), uranium, coal, gas, oil, gold, diamonds, copper, platinum, etc. Interwoven are the special project folders like the American National Exhibit in Moscow 1959, Atoms For Peace Awards, Atomic Industrial Forum, American Security Council, March of Dimes, Planned Parenthood, “Gary Francis Powers”, Radio Free Europe, Rotary Clubs Int’l, etc., etc, etc
….Eaton, Bird, Odlum, Rand and Bookbinder…  all possibly Webster’s defection ‘managers’. Were they Oswald’s managers, too?
“Twice in the span of his Moscow [exhibition] assignment Webster returned home, presumably in line with his work. He was also trying to make up his mind about other things, Rand believes. Apparently there were attempts even then to dissuade him from defecting. When they failed, Rand flew to Moscow and got in touch with Anastas Mikoyan (Mikoyan visited Cyrus Eaton once and is or was second in command of all the Russians). This was in late fall, 1959…” –ref. The Cleveland Plain Dealer, May 19, 1962;
“Mikoyan is still warmly remembered by many Americans for his surprise high-level visit to the United States in 1959 where he opened the Soviet exhibition in New York [N.Y.Coliseum opening night June29, 1959, which may be in error regarding Mikoyan. Mikoyan paid the U.S. an earlier unofficial visit Jan-Feb.] and met with businessmen like Averell Harriman and John J. McCloy… In Washington, he met President Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. In Cleveland he visited.. Cyrus Eaton… That same year, Mikoyan also paid a very important visit to Cuba and fell in love with the island.”
Anastas Mikoyan, Deputy Premier of the USSR, with J.F.Dulles (Dulles died May 24 1959)*
One can generate narrative from the Eaton Papers folder listing alone, regardless of the content of those folders. The plethora of related “groupings” cannot be coincidence. Below is a brief example of one grouping which can be expanded from the same folder list and journalist sources.
Box 279, folder: Richardson Foundation, 1956
The context of the Richardson Foundation from p77, George Bush, the Unauthorized Biography :  “…Prescott Bush was essentially a covert operative in Washington. On June 10, 1954, Bush received a letter from Connecticut resident H. Smith Richardson, owner of Vick Chemical Company (cough drops, Vapo-Rub)…[which read], ”I want to get your advice and counsel on…what should be done with the income from a foundation which my brother and I set up, and which will begin its operation in 1956…” This letter presages the establishment of the H. Smith Richardson Foundation, a Bush family-dictated private slush fund which was to be utilized by the Central Intelligence Agency… The Bush family knew Richardson through their mutual friendship with Sears Roebuck chairman, Gen. Robert E. Wood… General Wood’s daughter Mary had married the son of Standard Oil president William Stamps Farish… In The late 1950s, the H. Smith Richardson Foundation took part in the ‘psychological warfare’ of the CIA…carried out mainly against unwitting U.S. citizens.”
Box 279, folder: Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, 1960-1973
Context from Family of Secrets, pp70-75: “While Dimitri von Mohrenschildt clearly enjoyed the high-society glamour [of elite life in the U.S.], in reality his life was heading underground. Dimitri’s lengthy covert resume would include serving in the [OSS] wartime spy agency and later cofounding Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty…  When the Hooker marriage unraveled, Dimitri began seeing Betty Hooker… Betty’s son, Edward Gordon Hooker, entered prep school..[and] shared a small cottage with George H.W. ‘Poppy’ Bush… The relationship between Bush and Hooker lasted…until 1967, when Hooker died of an apparent heart attack. He was just forty-three… In 1937, Betty Hooker and Dimitri von Mohrenschildt married. By then, Dimitri had been hired by Henry Luce as a stringer for Time magazine… Meanwhile, Dimitri’s younger brother George…finished highschool and then joined a military academy… [George de Mohrenschildt came to the U.S. in 1938, moved in with Dimitri and Betty, and eventually] “In 1950, together with Poppy Bush’s old friend and former roommate Eddie Hooker, [George] launched a modest oil investment firm, Hooker and deMohrenschildt with ‘offices’ in New York, Denver, and Abilene…”
Box 120, folder: Dresser Industries, 1944-1959
Context from Family of Secrets, Ch.3: “After graduating from Yale in 1948, Poppy [GHWB] headed out to visit ‘Uncle Neil’ at Dresser Industries, which were then in Cleveland. Mallon dispatched [GHW, Barbara, and baby George] to Odessa [Texas]… Poppy’s initial jobs included sweeping out warehouses…but he was soon asked to handle more…[escorting foreign clients and dignitaries]… [T]here is the not-surprising fact that Dresser was well-known in the right circles as providing handy cover to CIA operatives… Continuing his whirlwind ‘training’, Dresser transferred Bush to California…to work the assembly line at Dresser’s Pacific Pump Works…[which was], like Dresser, an important cog in the war machine. The firm…even provided crucial parts for the top-secret process that produced the [first] atomic bombs… In 1950, Dresser was completing a corporate relocation to Dallas, which besides being an oil capital was rapidly becoming a center of the defense industry and its military-industrial-energy elite… Neil Mallon quickly set about bringing the conservative titans of Dallas society together in a new local chapter of the non-profit Council on World Affairs, in whose Cleveland branch he had been active. Started in 1918, the World Affairs Councils of America were a localized equivalent of the Rockefeller-backed Council on Foreign Relations, the presidency of which Allen Dulles had just resigned to take his post at the CIA.”
The vignettes above are but a subgroup that can be drawn from a larger group including Box 352, folder: U.S. Rubber Company, 1928-1965. The U.S. Rubber Co. was purchased by W.A. Harriman and Co. in 1928 which promptly installed Prescott Bush as its international sales executive. U.S. Rubber sponsored an array of intelligence activity within its extensive reach. This grouping can also include Box 294, folder: Slick Airways Inc 1956-1972., owned by Texas oilman, adventurer, and CIA operative Tom Slick who also sponsored MK-Ultra programming. Perhaps it suffices to demonstrate that Eaton’s business, and the legacy of his document collection, was an extension of the Anglo-American intelligence establishment.

Economic Warfare

An Economic Defense Advisory Committee (EDAC) policy paper issued by the U.S. Dept. of State in January 1959 notes that “..Only the Department of Commerce [ headed by Sec. Adm. Lewis L. Strauss] has made recommendations for changing current policy…[to] the reversal of the present attitude toward ‘peaceful trade’ and the substitution of the economic warfare approach… which would deny US exports of strategic or nonstrategic goods to the USSR unless such exports are individually determined to be to the advantage of the US.”, 
   The CIA weighed-in with this addition: (item report #d335) “The Soviets probably genuinely desire an increase in US-USSR trade. The possibilities for expanding this trade are severely restricted, however, by the limited range of Soviet goods likely to be marketable in the US…  We believe it reasonable.. to modify certain administrative restrictions, especially export licensing, [so that]US export to the USSR might expand over the next few years…  the USSR [can balance trade].. by selling more gold to the Free World…  [T]his special estimate, submitted by the CIA, was prepared by CIA, INR, and the intelligence organizations of the Departments of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Joint Staff. All members of the U.S. Intelligence Board concurred in this estimate on October 7 [1958] with the exception of the representatives of the Atomic Energy Commission and the Federal Bureau of Investigation who abstained on the grounds that the topic was outside their jurisdiction.”
Perhaps it is emblematic of the FBI and AEC to secretly share their joint responsibility for global nuclear security intelligence –withheld even from the U.S. intelligence community at large . Readers of Atomic Agent Oswald are familiar with the collaboration of the FBI/AEC “dual agent” program (1949-1964), mediated by the FBI’s Charles Bates between the principals, J.Edgar Hoover and Lewis Strauss, and among the erstwhile agents. No remnant of the publicly available declassified file covers the period from 1954 to 1964 (file closed Sep30, 1964)  as the world witnessed new international trade in atomic technology.
***Here’s an example of that trade in hindsight: “[I]n 1957, as part of the Atoms For Peace program, Washington had the components for a TRIGA Mark I reactor delivered to [the Belgian] Congo. This compact facility was made by..General Atomic and installed by on-site Belgian technicians. It went operational in 1959 ..[and was] a symbol of progress in Africa…[even as] the young nation quickly descended into civil war and chaos… Twenty years later, one of the fuel rods suddenly turned up in Italy. Smugglers offered the uranium, which was at least 20-percent enriched, to what they thought were buyers from the Middle East– in reality agents of the Italian police’s Central Investigating Service… [A]uthorities apprehended twelve people, all of them members of the mafia…” pp154-155, A Short History of Nuclear Folly, by Rudolph Herzog, 2012.
……So, what was jurisdictional to the FBI and AEC regarding economic warfare policy in commercial trade?
   “As the investigative arm of the Department of Justice, the FBI is responsible, among its other duties, for catching spies… Contrary to popular belief however, the FBI does have some agents overseas. They are assigned to American embassies, usually under the cover of ‘legal attaches.” [p.203, The Invisible Government, 1964]
   “Because of the law which set it up and its close relationship to the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy in the Congress, the AEC is one of the most independent branches of the Invisible Government. One of Eisenhower’s parting admonitions to Kennedy was: ‘You may be able to run lots of things around here. But one of them you can’t run is the AEC.’ [p201, The Invisible Government, by David Wise and Thomas B. Ross, 1964]
*  AEC chairman John A. McCone (center) 1958* *“McCone gained a reputation as an uncompromising supporter of John Foster Dulles’ doctrine of massive retaliation, the Air Force’s atomic warfare theories, and the hard-line strategy against the Soviet Union.” p196, The Invisible Government
                                                                                                     Roswell Garst (left foreground) offered hybrid corn to the USSR in January 1959, and again for the cameras on Krushchev’s goodwill tour of the U.S., September 15-27, 1959. The Russians wanted industrial chemicals and steel.
   As far as U.S.-USSR atomic relations were concerned, 1959 was an historic breakthrough year under the sway of a nuclear test moratorium. On September 15, after the closure of Moscow’s American National Exhibit, Nikita Krushchev and entourage flew to Washington for a 12-day visit. The first order of business on that day was a Krushchev meeting with Eisenhower and a separate meeting of the Soviet atomic energy chief, Vasily S. Emelyanov, with the AEC’s John McCone.
*Ambassador Lodge managed Eisenhower’s presidential campaign*
On September 17, Krushchev and his party boarded a train for New York City, accompanied by an American escort, Ambassador and US representative to the U.N. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.  Lodge wrote in his personal notes of the “conversation with Krushchev on the train…[that] he used it as occasion to bring up the subject of nuclear tests… On the negotiations on the cessation of nuclear tests he said that we wanted to get intelligence operators into the Soviet Union….”×1/11soviet5.html
 The same day in New Orleans, from the premises of the Int’l Trade Mart,  Lee Oswald was booked on a freighter to Europe.
In the name of peace and progress, an immediate schedule of travel was arranged for select officials and scientists: “The exchange of delegations took place at a time –October 1959– when the Soviets were America’s only nuclear rival… The American delegation consisted of top AEC brass…”
Another Soviet delegation arrived in the U.S. in November: [newspaper clip] “This visit by the Russian scientists is in implementation of the information exchange arrangements agreed to during Prof. Emelyanov’s visit to the United States in September, and is similar to the recent tour of Soviet atomic energy installations by Chairman McCone of the USAEC with a group of U.S. nuclear scientists.” 
[newspaper clip] “The Brookhaven National Laboratory..received a visit from the party of top Soviet[s]..which has been touring various atomic energy installations in the [U.S.] since November 5… [F]inal meetings [are] in Washington…”
“[AEC] Chairman John A. McCone and his Soviet counterpart, Professor Vasily S. Emelyanov, signed a Memorandum on Cooperation on November 24, 1959, covering exchanges of visits and information on several unclassified areas of peaceful nuclear application.”
    Undersecretary of Commerce Frederick H. Mueller with McCone*
The American atomic contingent, led by AEC chairman McCone, took the initiative of visiting the USSR shortly after Krushchev’s 12-day tour. The exact itinerary, arrival and departure, of McCone’s party is not known to this researcher –only this item  from the New York Times: “McCone Flies to Leningrad”…”Leaves Moscow for Leningrad”, NYT p23, dated October 11, 1959
This newspaper notice follows by one day Oswald’s arrival in Helsinki, Finland:
“The State Department was later concerned that Oswald had received his [USSR] visa in Helsinki in a shorter period of time than usual, which would indicate that there might have been some preparation for his defection. The Warren Commission’s analysts.. assumed that Oswald received his visa on October 14 after arriving in Helsinki on the tenth [a Saturday], though he may have applied for it as late as the twelfth [Monday], leading to the conclusion that ‘Oswald probably received his visa four days after he applied for it, but he may have received it only two days later.’  They [WC] recognized that the speed with which Oswald received his visa could lend credence to the CIA theory they quoted as suggesting that ‘Soviet authorities had advance warning of Oswald’s arrival and had been ready and waiting to handle him rapidly once he arrived.’ ” p288, Legend, the Secret World of Lee Harvey Oswald, 1978, by Edward Jay Epstein
As of October 1959, the whereabouts of Robert Webster were unknown to Americans:
“Webster…disappeared on September 10, 1959. Upon returning to the United States, Dr. Rand, Webster’s employer, reported his disappearance to the State Department, and the U.S. Embassy in Moscow wrote a note to the Soviet Foreign Ministry requesting information on Webster. When he had received no reply regarding his former employee by October 14, Rand returned to Moscow. On October 17 [Rand] and Richard L. Snyder of the American Embassy obtained an interview with Webster who had been brought to Moscow from an undisclosed address in Leningrad, then handed Snyder a signed statement renouncing his United States citizenship… He told Snyder that he would send him his American passport as soon as he returned to Leningrad. (According to the CIA defector list, Webster handed Snyder his passport on October 19, 1959.)” p291 (Notes) Legend, ibid.
If the Legend notes are accurate and Webster surrendered his American citizenship at a police station and then left the city –for a month-long vacation with his girlfriend, as it stands– avoidance of the U.S. Embassy may have preserved his anonymity with embassy staffers. If the embassy needed to write “a note to the Soviet Foreign Ministry requesting information on Webster”, what didn’t they know? Is it possible that Robert Webster assumed the identity of Lee Oswald at this time to make a record of Oswald’s pre-defection activity in England, Sweden and Finland?
   According to Mark North in Act of Treason: “On 6/3/60 Hoover sent a memo to the State Department entitled ‘Lee Harvey Oswald, Internal Security’ in which he stated ‘Since there is a possibility that an imposter is using Oswald’s birth certificate, any current information the Department of State may have concerning subject will be appreciated.’ The [birth] certificate had disappeared in New Orleans around the time of Oswald’s defection to the Soviet Union.” p57, Act of Treason, by Mark North, 1991.
   Oswald’s means and timing of travel from the U.K. is still unknown and in dispute: He told the U.K. customs office, on or about October 9, that he planned to spend a week in England. Late the next day, “According to Finnish hotel records, he checked in midnight on Friday at the Torni Hotel in downtown Helsinki, then moved on Saturday to the less expensive Klaus Kurki Hotel where he remained registered for five days. Swedish intelligence has found evidence that Oswald traveled to Stockholm during this period…” pp93-94, Legend
   In addition to later statements from Marina that her husband worked for the American exhibition, there is a more direct reference in Legend that suggests Webster was using Oswald’s name: “The close coincidence between the movements of Oswald and Webster, as well as their not dissimilar physical appearance, possibly accounts for a number of mistaken identifications. Fritz Dieter Jaeger of the German Merchant Marine told the FBI in 1963 that he had met Oswald in Leningrad in 1961 and gone to the movies with him. It turned out that he had met Webster.” p.292, ibid.
   AEC chief McCone’s official atomic exchange visit with the Soviets in October of 1959 presents a remarkable intrigue for coinciding with the Webster/Oswald defections.Had they revived the FBI/AEC Dual Agent program? Is this a display of coordinating the “same forces” controlling both men? The background of this timing plays out amidst thousands of professional ‘exchange’ visitors and tens of thousands of tourists crossing the Atlantic between the U.S. and USSR, not to mention visitors and defectors from other countries. The Lacy-Zaroubin Agreement signed in January of 1958 formalized a negotiated minimum of professional visitors; from scientists to ballet dancers to film crews and students. Ruth Paine is associated with a 1958 exchange student effort from the anti-nuclear Society of Friends in Philadelphia. Mind-control theme research from the guests and hosts of relate that George DeMohrenschildt co-operated the Russian Student Fund with CIA- affiliated anthropologist R. Gordon Wasson.
   The relevance of questions concerning McCone’s oversight of Oswald is substantiated in the immediate aftermath of the assassination: McCone “rushed to Hickory Hill…to be with Bobby” and was present for the phone call confirming JFK’s death. “A few minutes later, he and Robert left the house and walked around the lawn, speaking privately…” These were the moments in which RFK asked McCone ‘if they had killed my brother’ according to RFK aide Walter Sheridan.   “McCone returned to [CIA] headquarters at around 1530, summoned the CIA Executive Committee… [I]ssued orders for all stations and bases… [and] directed that a special cable channel be established so that all [communication] traffic related to Lee Harvey Oswald..went to a central repository, and he sent a [blank] to Parkland coordinate activities with the Secret Service and the FBI. After the Secret Service obtained a graphic film of the assassination taken by.. Zapruder, McCone had the National Photographic Interpretation Center (NPIC) officers.. prepare briefing boards…”. In the months ahead, as the Warren Commission set upon its duties, “…DCCI Marshall Carter recalled that McCone said he would ‘handle the whole [commission] business myself, directly’…”
   In this 2015 ‘report’ by David Robarge, published by the CIA’s own Studies on Intelligence, is noted that “Mr. McCone withheld evidence the CIA secretly monitored Oswald’s mail after he attempted to defect… [and] it suggests the White House may have directed him to hide the information.” It just doesn’t say which White House.
……..posting in progress……..

January 28, 2016

JFK File: The Fallout Babies


December 7, 2011

The Disease Continuum

Of all the subject matter in this blog, the collective weight gathers on the topic of the Disease Continuum, so named as a manmade phenomenon of modern times. I’m challenging myself here to grasp its scope, locate its origins, describe its momentum and filter out a sensible narrative.

Like an exhausted competitor in an old-time Depression-era Dance Marathon, I’m leaning hard on my ‘partners’, relying on refreshment and support until the music stops. When it stops (if it stops), the grand prize will be survival –merely that– in a fiction of celebration designed for the desperate by the cruel. Thus, simply, stands my take on the practical medical ‘establishment’ paradigm.

In general terms, the mater materia of the Disease Continuum compares to the elements of the ancients [fire, water, earth, air]; four fundamental essences from which it’ s composed. By disease names they are influenza, polio, cancer and AIDS and together, they forge a Ring of Power in the kingdom of Public Health.

…”One Ring to rule them all and in the darkness bind them”

   Common to the four elements of the Continuum is the eugenical substrate on which they emerge in history; they are timely, political, and as inevitable as the science and industry that sustains them. It should interest us that they are characterized as viral and not the foreign biological intruders we suppose.
   “We have travelled a long way from the mysterious filtrable infective particle of..years ago… [W]e have even the evidence that..portions of certain..viruses can be dissociated and later recombined to form a reconstituted infective particle… Clearly discoveries of this sort are providing the basis for an understanding of the host-virus relationship… For virus multiplication is after all a special case of protein biosynthesis… We seem thus to have reached a point at which biochemical and biophysical studies of viruses have really come into their own and offer the greatest prospects of advance.”
–Sir Charles Harington, March 1956,
Ciba Foundation Symposium at the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Mill Hill London [ref. The Nature of Viruses, 1956, Little Brown & Co.]
From the same publication, Sweden’s polio researcher Sven Gard wrote, “The question of the kinetics of chemical virus inactivation has become a problem of more than academic interest after the occurrance in the USA of inoculation poliomyelitis in children vaccinated with formalin-treated virus… Salk (1956) has repeatedly stated that inactivation of polio virus by formaldehyde (F) runs the course of a first order reaction.  At the Third International Poliomyelitis Conference in Rome in 1954 I pointed out that the Swedish observations did not conform with this statement (Gard, 1955). On the contrary, we had found a systematic and consistently reproducible deviation...”
   Work on polioviruses helped to prove that intestinal “Enteroviruses can infect all tissues of the human body. The tropism of each virus for certain tissues is not well understood…”. Reconstituting pathogens in the form of gut bacteria and viruses was learned early. Simon Flexner designed experiments in 1897 to alter the properties of harvested human colon bacilli and turn them virulent several years before he became the director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. Flexner’s cadavers in 1890s Baltimore, taken to the labs of the newly medicalized Johns Hopkins University, were mostly victims of pneumonia and influenza, a ready surfeit of bodies that littered the northern port cities of industrial America.
Dr. Nancy Banks writes in AIDS, Opium, Diamonds and Empire on cancer and AIDS, ..”new research suggests that ..[what] may be the primary cause of malignant growth..[is] the reduced efficiency of mitochondrial energy conversion as the result of oxidative/nitrosative stress… What is becoming imminently more difficult to suppress is the evidence that impaired mitochondrial metabolism, and specifically the Krebs cycle activity, may promote malignant growth… People diagnosed with AIDS are in a hypercatabolic low oxygen state where the body becomes exhausted in attempting to repair itself.” As she explains, “no virus need apply”. [p58]
… “There is no scientific data validating the contention that what is currently referred to as HIV is, in fact, a virus! …The goal was perception management… [and] the proteins claimed to be specific for HIV are universally present in everyone.” [pp306-308]
… Dr. Banks treats readers to a quote from Peter Duesberg: “Even very few oncogenic retroviruses –those endowed with cancer genes– hardly play a role as carcinogens for two reasons. First, viral cancer genes accidentally acquired are never kept by retroviruses after they are generated because they are entirely useless to the virus… Second, even if a rare oncogenic retrovirus infects an immunocompetent animal, a small tumor will appear within days after the infection, only to disappear again as the animal develops antiviral immunity. Antiviral immunity kills both the virus and all virus-infected cells.” [p54, AIDS, Opium, Diamonds and Empire]
   So all is not peace and harmony in the Disease Continuum. But we should remember the words of H.R. Shepherd, 1993 founding chairman of the Sabin Vaccine Institute:  “Vaccines are the most powerful tool available to equalize the health of human beings in every corner of the world. Enlightened leaders understand the power of vaccines to help bring peace and opportunity to the most troubled places…”
   No story of great or worldly achievement in the 20th century seems complete or soluble without a reconciliation to public medicine. It electrifies the most compelling events of our time like the JFK assassination.
   Edward Mandell House, the intimate alter-ego and adviser to Woodrow Wilson, was reputed to have said (prior to WWI), “Very soon, every American will be required to register their biological property in a national system designed to keep track of the people… They will be our chattel… stripped of their rights and given a commercial value…”
   Without this knowledge can we know anything about the new designs of peace and opportunity planned for the 21st?
 As is my recent posting custom, this article is going to grow long and thick expositioning currents of power and change in the methods of modern disease.
For a blog review that covers a lot of disease-continuum content, read here
“Throughout history, infectious diseases have killed more soldiers than have weapons… It has always been very hazardous to be a soldier.. but in recent decades the greatest risk seems to be carried by civilians… In 1993, the World Bank provided one of the first attempts to combine both death and suffering into a single number to represent the burden of disease (Disability Adjusted Life Years, or DALYs)… They found in 1990 a total of 1.4 billion DALYs lost in the world. Twenty-four different conditions each accounted for more than one percent of that total. Five of these 24 conditions involved violence: automobile injuries, falls, homicide, suicide, and war… The five violence conditions were second only to respiratory diseases..” –pages 4-5, War and Public Health, 1997, editors Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel
So, there’s your commercial value –the unit measure of productivity representing your (everyone’s) worth.
INFLUENZA, notoriously lethal as the 1918 Spanish Flu, became a very interesting disease in the pandemic of 1889-1893, known as the Russian Flu: “The pandemic spread rapidly, taking only 4 months to circumnavigate the planet, peaking in the United States 70 days after the original peak in St. Petersburg.”
An 18 page document describing the collective experiences of doctors with 6,000 Philadelphia patients notes that “The most important symptoms were undoubtedly those connected with the nervous system, and it is a serious question whether all the symptoms were not due primarily to derangement of that system.”
…”The duration varied from one week to three months of more…The sputum..was frequently noticed to be quite black from minute particles resembling soot or coal dust… Insane ideas were acknowledged by many…Fear of going crazy was excessively frequent… Vertigo was common… Violent headache..often continued for months… Cases which were left with local or general paralysis were subject as a premonitory symptom to exceptionally violent headache… Sight was often temporarily lost… We noted numbness of the limbs… A sudden loss of power in the limbs was sometimes an initial symptom… In many cases power was lost for long periods– ten months or a year, and sometimes it seems, permanently… For months after apparent recovery, fatigue or exposure would bring on exhaustion… Sustained thought was often utterly impossible… in effort there was a sudden slowing down of the heart… Heart-failure caused most of the deaths in the earlier part of the first year’s epidemic… The influenza type seemed to be stamped upon all diseases, modified them, and caused confusion in diagnosis… In what light are we to regard the persistent occurrance of innumerable paralyses of involuntary muscles? The list is too full to be accidental –bronchial, vesicular, ocular, intercostal, cardiac, gastric, biliary, hepatic, vascular, intestinal and rectal. These occur at once to the mind, and do they not indicate some disorder, some disarrangement, some alteration or possession of the nerve-centres and nerve-trunks concerned in the vital processes of the economy?”
   Spanish Flu was another complex of neurological, hemorrhagic, and mixed illnesses confounded in wartime with lingering and permanent disabilities in survivors. I wrote of it here as an additional consequence of nitrate toxicosis, opening material for this blog as the H1N1 was advancing. My look back in history then, at influenza, was also looking like polio and AIDS moreso than any respiratory disease. Spanish Flu was a special case, rather a complicated set of conditions, and could not be a beginning for the “DC” but its extension. The pandemic of 1889, however, distinguishes itself with consistency as a conumdrum of “confusion in diagnosis”. The Philadelphians wrote, “The initial nasal cartarrh so associated with the name of influenza as to be popularly synonymous with it, often failed to appear early and was manifested later amid other affectations… vertigo and unsteady gait [was how] some cases began their attacks (in the first year) and in relapses these symptoms were often forerunners of renewed attack… The influenzal poison, whatever its nature, exhibits in protracted cases a likeness to malarial poisoning in symptoms and length of duration… The most severe and protracted cases were generally in the educated classes… Influenza cannot be a filth disease, as its initial outbreak was among the wealthy rather than the poor.
   Suggestive of something malaria-like, the Pennsylvania doctors concluded uncertainly that they were dealing with a bloodborne agent vectored similarly (by mosquitos) in a fashion of today’s West Nile Virus. Interest in the Russian Flu has revived since 2009 “reinforced by..the work of French epidemiologist Alain-Jacques Valleron from the Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale in Paris.”  Valleron’s research is visualized in a short (and silent) video clip displaying a progressive ground-zero approach to the spread of 1889 Russian Flu:
   What is most interesting to me about the flu pandemic is that it followed so closely on the heels of the world’s first major polio epidemics in Sweden, which occurred in Stockholm shortly after modern vaccination practices came into being. Vaccination’s foremost advocate, Pasteur, found an institutional home in Paris during 1887-1888 with an international cast of fellows and more interesting still, the first credited scientist to isolate virus with disease-transmitting filtrate, Dimitri Ivanovsky, joined the University of St. Petersburg in 1887. By 1892, botanist Ivanovsky had proved his transmissable”virus” theory with the Tobacco Mosaic Virus, marking the birth of virology in history.
   The next year, 1893, with the Russian Flu still circulating, the United States had its first recorded outbreaks of epidemic polio.
POLIO (poliomyelitis) was a bugaboo of unknown causes when it emerged in the 19th century, called infantile paralysis for its most recognizable signs as a children’s disease. In this “golden age” of medicine (referring to the next link), a sparse timeline which appears dedicated to polio demonstrates the importance attached to it, retrospectively.
   “Confusion in diagnosis”, however, is polio’s outstanding historical feature. Even as late as the public distribution of Salk’s polio vaccine (the IPV) in 1955, polio was often diagnosed as grippe –the French-language equivalent of influenza– with significant intestinal involvement. Albert Sabin proved in 1947 that (enough) polioviruses caused grippe. For the longest time what could not be proven was that polioviruses caused polio.
   Researcher/author Jim West writes, “Mainstream science admits that most viruses are harmless, yet the word “virus ” adds to a biased and highly promoted language of fear regarding natureearly virus studies considered virus filtrates to be a poison… My site has several articles by the Nobel Laureate Alexis Carrel regarding injections of highly dilute poisons, similar to formaldehyde in Salk vaccine, which was 1:4000 concentration. Carrel injected carcinogens at 1:5000 to 1:250000 and caused reliably, cancer in chickens… Central nervous system diseases other than polio continue in the U.S. and throughout the world: acute flaccid paralysis, chronic fatigue syndrome, encephalitis, meningitis, muscular sclerosis… The unique correlations between CNS disease and CNS toxins present a variety of research opportunities not only in medical science, but political science, philosophy, media studies, psychology, and sociology.
   Mr. West’s well made and far-reaching point, unfortunately, is just not far-reaching enough. Janine Roberts, too, followed the West path, augmenting the polio resources and writing, “I had begun my research by looking at the many contaminants in the vaccine, but finally was forced to conclude: 1) that polio..was not primarily caused by the nominated ‘poliovirus’ –but primarily by human environmental pollution, particularly..insecticides… 2) that the disease was not stopped by the vaccine, but many cases were deliberately hidden by relabelling it –this led to the vaccine being attributed with a fictitious victory…[and]… 3) that polio might well be curable –if it is treated as a toxin-caused disease.”  Broadly speaking, all diseases not classed as genetic in origin are toxin-caused. The statements above are a benign way of not being wrong but they’re also a clever way of not being forthright. Perhaps for some researchers it’s a beginning –not my beginning– that ‘settles’ prematurely.
The first recorded U.S. outbreak was in 1841 in West Feliciana, Louisiana (10 cases, no deaths). There was a half-century gap until the next cluster, in 1893 in Boston (26 cases, no deaths). Then, in 1894, came what is widely regarded as the first major epidemic, in Rutland and Proctor, Vermont (132 cases, 18 deaths). Thirty more outbreaks – from such seemingly disparate locations as Oceana County, Michigan, and California’s Napa Valley — were reported in the United States through 1909. The worst by far was New York in 1907, with 2,500 cases and a five percent mortality rate, a harbinger of the 1916 epidemic… Setting aside for now the 1841 Louisiana outbreak, reported retrospectively, something seems to have happened around 1890 to launch The Age of Polio in the United States. And something else must have changed around the end of World War II to create the large modern epidemics seared into the minds of older Americans, thousands of whom are poliomyelitis survivors and almost all of whom know someone who was afflicted.”
  The authors and editors of ‘age of autism’, Dan Olmstead and Mark Blaxill, cite West and Roberts in an exemplary description of early pesticide-caused polio (from 1893 onwards, incriminating the poisons arsenic, lead, mercury and DDT) and then appear to lose track of the subject –polio– and follow pesticides, venturing conclusions that neither West nor Roberts suggest: “To summarize our theory: Polio is a virus, contagious like all viruses… When it is introduced into the human body, it has the capacity to enter the nervous system when nerves are damaged. Damage can occur many ways: mechanically through needle puncture or surgery, or, we propose, biochemically via pesticidal or other toxic exposure. Once the virus enters the nervous system, it becomes dangerous..[and] spreads through the nervous system via “retrograde axonal transport… lead[ing] to paralysis or death.”
   The failures and limitations of polio researchers presented so far unanimously neglect to actually follow the occurrence of the disease –if they did, they would fall over a body of evidence that associates polio with influenza and the most potent of co-factors that is a cause on its own, radiation. This was my beginning, and it immediately opened not just a door on disease, but a dimension. Welcome to the continuum…
THE POLIO TIMELINE is an expanding resource that initially listed polio incidence but is growing to accommodate the confluence of factors in the DC:

“We have the capacity to ignore the obvious, to become fatalistic about what we do not understand, and to accept because of familiarity what should not be acceptable” –p3, War and Public Health

(post in progress– I’ve been temporarily diverted by Manipulative Extraterrestrials
but I will return…)

August 8, 2011

Vaccine Diplomacy

Filed under: Eugenics,Human Experimentation,vaccines — jenniferlake @ 2:20 am
Tags: , ,
  Jonas Salk, c.1955
Polio Diplomacy describes the complex activities of building a modern global medical infrastructure in the twentieth century; activities that intensified in the 1930s as radiation-assisted genetic science expanded and then virtually exploded alongside the Atomic Bomb. The spread of polio is a means of tracking nuclear proliferation and as we shall see, especially during the Cold War, nuclear intentions.  The ‘year 2000′ redoubled effort to eradicate polio by vaccination has become a tyranny of the first order. More than any other aspect of the Polio Story, polio diplomacy reveals the depth of covert globalization and humanity’s present “genetic crisis”.
Polio vaccinations should have been stopped. They were going to be in 2000. Most of world’s circulating disease-associated polioviruses are acknowleged to be vaccine-derived, but there never was a really “wild type” of natural poliovirus. The artifice begun in the first decade of the 20th century is now the artifice of the 21st. Polio, cancer, AIDS, vaccines, transgenics and ”equalized” populations have ended the domain of the once free-living species known as ourselves.
“Vaccines as Instruments of Foreign Policy” — Peter J. Hotez, Sabin Vaccine Institute: “the notion that vaccines may function as agents of conflict resolution is one that has deep historical roots… The modern era of American vaccine diplomacy followed on the heels of the Marshall Plan… In the 1950s, when polio epidemics occurred every summer in North America, Europe, and the USSR, Albert Sabin began to work closely with Soviet virologists… It is not widely known that the attenuated polio strains developed in Sabin’s laboratory at the University of Cincinnati were transformed into a clinically useful oral vaccine with the help of Soviet virologists… What followed was a remarkable example of Cold War diplomacy, in which Soviet children were among the first to receive test doses of the oral polio vaccine… Like polio, the control..of smallpox was the product of Cold War vaccine diplomacy.”
 “Vaccines are the most powerful tool available to equalize the health of human beings in every corner of the world,”  said H.R. Shepherd, first chair of the Sabin Vaccine Institute. “Enlightened leaders understand the power of vaccines to help bring peace and opportunity to the most troubled places in our world. Vaccines are the microchip that will revolutionize healthcare”
  Albert Sabin
                                                         Get the story…
…”Since 1880, immunity against bacterial diseases has been systematically studied. In that year, Pasteur discovered by accident that Bacillus anthracis, cultivated at a temperature of 42 to 43 [degrees]C (108-110 degreesF), lost its virulence after a few generations. Later it was found that animals inoculated with these enfeebled bacteria showed resistance to the virulent bacilli. From this beginning dates the prevention, modification, and treatment of disease by immunization… The notion of a weak form of a disease causing immunity to the virulent version was not new; this had been known for a long time for smallpox… The difference with chicken cholera and anthrax was that the weakened form of the disease organism had been generated artificially, and so a naturally weak form of the disease organism did not need to be found.  This discovery revolutionized work in infectious diseases, and Pasteur gave these artificially weakened diseases the generic name of vaccines, to honor Jenner’s discovery.”
The legal power of forced vaccination was decided in the United States in 1905

“Medicine is the keystone in the arch of socialism” –Lenin

November 3, 2010

Molecular Vision: Rockefeller Science

During the 1930s a new biology came into being that by the late 1950s was to endow scientists with unprecendented power over life. These three decades culminated in…the cognitive foundations for genetic engineering. Scientists could now[by the ’50s] manipulate genes on the most fundamental level and attempt to control the course of biological and social evolution; they laid claim to “the secret of life”. …As has been well documented, the Rockefeller Foundation served as the principal patron of molecular biology from the 1930s to the 1950s; Caltech [was] a primary site for implementing the Foundation’s project“…
>>These are the opening words in a book by Dr. Lily E. Kay called “The Molecular Vision of Life ; Caltech, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Rise of the New Biology“, published in 1993 by Oxford University Press. Lily Kay’s book, her first of only two, is scarce and expensive. A used hardcover will cost you $300. Kay passed away in 2000 at age 53 and I wonder if her book is now appreciating like a piece of art. One suspects she was a consummate insider participating in the abstraction of scientific history. She wrote that the Rockefeller-created field of molecular biology was the incarnation of redirected eugenics which was “animated by a potent conjunction of Protestant values and technocratic visions” [p10] making clear that its purpose was “to control biological destiny” [p17]. To prove her point naming giants in the field with Protestant bona fides, still with great subtlety, however, like a code running through the text, Lily Kay coaxes a truer sense of ‘values’ from her subject than she perhaps intended. Her Protestants are tainted, weak, ‘old school’ and “not religious” (a “not religious” Protestant is no Protestant at all) and these leading personalities were beholden to their advisors and collaborators. Much in the way that Kay wrote “Scientists could now manipulate genes…they laid claim to ‘the secret of life'”, it was the scientists who were Lily Kay’s heroes. They were the creators and they made it all possible by devotedly navigating their special ideas through the turbulence of rough political times. The Molecular Vision’s retrospective abruptly ends for its readers in 1955, the year that polio vaccine set a precedent in public medicine.  
You may guess that the social and biological destiny of mankind was at hand.
They intended to create a new science of life [p6]…The new biology not only reflected the particular bias of its principal architects –physicist Max Mason and mathematician Warren Weaver– but the more general bias of a technocratic elite who had dominated American culture during the 1920s…
Conceived during the late 1920s, the new agenda was articulated in terms of the contemporary technocratic discourse of human engineering… the new biology (originally named “psychobiology”) was erected on the bedrock of the physical sciences in order to rigorously explain and eventually control the fundamental mechanisms governing human behavior”[p8]
A concerted physicochemical attack on the gene was initiated at the moment in history when it became unacceptable to advocate social control based on crude eugenic principles…
Time was seldom a deterrent for the visionaries of the Rockefeller Foundation..[which] had been the main force behind the development of the social sciences in America..[p9]
Programmatic statements, reports, and memoranda from the various Rockefeller divisions attest that on social and ideological levels there was no fundamental separation of purpose between the heads of corporations and the leadership of the Foundation.” [p10]
>> The Rockefeller method of building a science establishment depended upon creating a “hegemonic bloc” in the period between 1913, when the RF received a Congressional charter, and 1933, when the program goals were “fully articulated”. Despite what Kay called “echoes of minor dissent” [p28], we are told that “these voices of dissent..did not represent the majority of academic scientists who kept knocking on the foundations’ gates… The efforts of this group came to fruition after World War I“.  I’ve posted a sketch of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (RIMR) at  . “Fruition” entailed the significant marriage of the RIMR to the U.S. military, accomplished during the Spanish Flu of 1918-1919 when the epidemiologic investigation centered in New York City. The RIMR, under the leadership of Simon Flexner,  earned its stripes as a flagship institution in the 1916 polio epidemic which spread widely across the states claiming 27,000 victims. One third of them, 9,000 cases, were reported in NYC. At that time, and for the next several decades, Simon Flexner and the RIMR were the principal researchers of polio. Polio is only superficially addressed in “The Molecular Vision”, appearing briefly as another pressing dilemna by mid-century, but in the wider context of Rockefeller science, it stands out like a red thread on a blue field. Its causes are acute radiation and chemical poisoning.
Look to the link for a list of RIMR staff presidents. See if you can find a Protestant. This was Rockefeller’s primary pool of “advisors and collaborators”. 
A cursory glance at Caltech during the 1930-1950s reveals that the Institute nutured some of the most important ‘founding fathers’ of American molecular biology [a]ll supported by the Rockefeller Foundation [p12]… Caltech, of course, was not the sole center for the new biology… A survey of the Foundation’s annual reports from 1930 to 1955 reveals that the Foundation supported molecular biology projects in scores of elite institutions but invested the largest sums in six… In accord with its long-standing policy of supporting the strong –“making the peaks higher”– the University of Chicago, Caltech, Stanford, Columbia, Harvard, and the University of Wisconsin most consistently received grants [p13]…
…the Foundation’s support of Chicago equaled that of Caltech [p14]… Chicago’s genetics [research] had a strong focus on populations..[with biology] under the leadership of Paul Weiss…[and] by the late 1920s, Caltech formed the hub of America’s scientific establishment” [p15]
“[T]he Rockefeller Foundation’s “Science of Man” agenda.. linked the particular forms of social control sought by that agenda with the specific kinds of control supplied by the new biology… Greatly influenced by Jacques Loeb’s project, which had adopted the engineering standpoint toward the control of life, the Rockefeller Foundation officers and their scientific advisors sought to develop a mechanistic biology as the central element of a new science of man whose goal was social engineering… The life sciences aimed to map the pathways in the molecular labyrinth of the human soma and psyche in order to control biological destiny.” [p17]
Not all branches of science were equally relevant to the pressing problem of social control, however. During the 1920s, under the leadership of Wickliffe Rose, the [RF] International Educational Board directed its resources to the physical sciences –grants for the rehabilitation of European research centers and travel fellowships for chemists, physicists, and mathematicians. Guided in part by Frederick Soddy’s fear of premature use of nuclear fission, [Raymond] Fosdick [future RF president] prophesied doom if the physical sciences proceeded unchecked and the savage was left unrestrained.
…Fosdick’s judgement that overinvestment in the physical sciences merely accelerated the pace of runaway technology and that underinvestment in the human sciences amplified the atavistic social response became the guiding principle in the Foundation’s singular commitment to support the human sciences durng the 1930s.” [p33]
>>Was the “fear of premature use of nuclear fission” a problem in the late1920s? Kay is suggestively framing around a hole in history. What else could be as imperative and demanding a driver for a “pressing problem of social control”? Is this a veiled way of discerning early and secretive achievements in nuclear power? It’s rarely brought to our attention that perceived boons to medicine like X-rays were also the first nuclear weapons, “biological” in application and essence.  The achievement of fission led to radiopharmaceuticals in the late 1920s, but did it also lead to controllable “chain reaction”? No new technology was required for this advance. Edward Teller wrote in his Memoirs that Enrico Fermi could have produced chain reaction in 1932, when Teller worked with him, if his theoretical equations had only been right.
 >>It was unequivocally in the name of medicine that nuclear proliferation erupted across the developing world.
Fosdick did not underestimate the opposing forces, however…He had no “illusions as to the speed or ease with which mankind can alter its way of life. There is no royal road to the millenium, no short cut to the Promised Land.” [p36]
>>Raymond Fosdick and his brother Harry Emerson Fosdick both represent what Lily Kay called the “Calvinist ethos”. These brothers were descriptive of “extreme evangelism”. Harry Fosdick was hired by John D. Rockefeller Jr. as the pastor of  the Riverside Church, founded by Rockefellers in Morningside Heights, NY, and opened in October 1930. Publicist Ivy Lee was hired to create a direct mailer promoting “The New Knowledge and the Christian Faith”. Ecumenism and Zionismwere central to the doctrine of the Rockefeller religion.
>>The conservative funding policies of the RF for New Biology were couched in terms of ‘stimulus’; money that kept programs afloat while their administrators sought ‘matching funds’ (an idea credited to Julius Rosenwald) and local business support. In the case of Caltech, Lily Kay recounts how the strategic witholding of RF funds prompted an energetic campaign among CIT leadership to creatively solicit support from a wide community of philanthropists and agribusiness. Caltech’s survival required the cooperative financial input of California agribusinesses seeking industry advantages but as Kay points out on page 214, “Caltech’s biology was never intended to play a service role to California’s agribusiness.” The PR spin was delivered in future terms as promises of medical advance for “the welfare of mankind throughout the world” [p219] and the solving of the “problems of medicine“. In the post-WWII era the problems were polio and cancer. The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis became a generous benefactor to the immunochemistry project at Caltech.
“Gone was the rhetoric of biological improvements of the race… Gone also was Caltech’s connection to the old eugenics. With the death of E.S. Gosney in 1942, the trustees of the Human Betterment Foundation (including Millikan and a few Caltech trustees) agreed that the Foundation’s interests would be best served by transferring its activities to Caltech. In October 1943 an agreement was drawn up dissolving the Human Betterment Foundation as such and turning over its assets to the Institute. The Institute, in turn, agreed to use these resources “and the proceeds thereof to establish the Gosney Research Fund, the income from which will be devoted in perpetuity to the promotion of research into the biological bases of human qualities…”. Linguistically watered down from its eugenic potency, the Gosney Fund would support postdoctoral fellowships in “those branches of biological science basic to our understanding of human welfare.” The New York Times too refurbished its prose. The announcement emphasized the medical connection: “$700,000 to Trace Polio and Cancer –Rockefeller Grant is Made for California Institute Research in Molecular Biology”. [pp238-239]
In May 1946, physicist Lee DuBridge, protege of former RF president Max Mason, took the presidency of Caltech:
 “DuBridge had built up the ‘Rad Lab’ [at M.I.T.] into the largest single-purpose scientific research plan in history, larger even than the atomic bomb project.” [p235]
 “The Berkeley cyclotron project, financed by the Rockefeller Foundation, was diverted during the war years from its putative medical applications to the production of fissionable material… However, they [the RF] would have preferred to distance themselves from the dubious honor bestowed by Ernest O. Lawrence who unwittingly boasted that “if it hadn’t been for the RF, there would have been no atomic bomb.” [p219]
The Molecular Vision of Life is an insightful book for demonstrating the modus operandi of RF funding policies; conservative, witholding, nurturing, and rewardingly lavish when pleasing, what Lily Kay describes as “mixed”. Like a sociologist interpreting the mechanisms and benefits of Tough Love, Kay points to the collective negotiating endeavors of the scientists to earn their allowances from strict and demanding parents. There was, unspokenly, no reason to expect they would not be bankrolled in the end. Her exemplary choice of Linus Pauling (a flambuoyantly grandiose, nonreligious Protestant) who was harnessed and quartered at Caltech, is emblematic of not only the Rockefeller Foundation style of grooming, but is telling on herself as a visible process of concensus shaping in the creation of history, what I’d prefer to call “distory” for its characteristic distortion and negligence. Kay, no doubt, was keen to master a facility for presentation and reap lavish rewards herself. Interesting, isn’t it, that a daughter of Polish concentration camp survivors who migrated to Israel and then to the United States would posthumously attain the iconic status of the greatest science historian of her generation with so little to show for it? Somebody at the Wikipedia made this up: 
Her statements are powerful, however; the methods sound genuine. Perhaps she was balancing on a razor’s edge. I know nothing about her or the cancer that caused her death, except that she seemed eager and pleased by the spotlight, so much like the Protestants in her book. 
According to Charles E. Carlson who is exposing the roots of Christian Zionism, the Oxford University Press created a New York office expressly for selling bibles, in particular the Scofield Bible which was issued c. 1908.
“The North American branch was established in 1896 at 91 Fifth Avenue in New York City to facilitate the sale of Oxford Bibles in the United States. Subsequently, it took over marketing of all books of its parent from Macmillan. This office grew in sales between 1928 and 1936, eventually becoming one of the leading University Presses in the United States. It is focused on scholarly and reference books, Bibles, and college and medical textbooks. In the 1990s, this office moved from 200 Madison Avenue (a building it shared with Putnam Publishing) to 198 Madison Avenue, which was the former B. Altman Company headquarters.”
Caltech, or C.I.T., was founded in 1891 as “Throop Polytechnic University”. Pasadena’s Mount Wilson Observatory, est. 1904, was enfolded by its founder George Ellery Hale (U. Chicago) who joined the Board of Trustees. In 1921, the school was renamed the California Institute of Technology. The biology department was organized under the direction of Thomas Hunt Morgan in 1928. That same year, an endowment by Daniel Guggenheim established the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory (or GALCIT) which contracted Hungarian Theodore von Karman as its director. Caltech and von Karman went on to create the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) which came under co-management with NASA.
The focus of scientific research at the Institute under Millikan during the 1930s ranged from Drosophila genetics and the biochemistry of vitamins in biology, to the theory of turbulence and airplane wing design in aeronautics; from cancer therapy with radiation and the radioactivity of the light elements in nuclear physics, to soil erosion and the transmission of water from the Colorado River to Los Angeles in engineering; from the application of quantum mechanics to molecular structure in chemistry, to the introduction of the magnitude scale in seismology. An educational institution in name only during the war, Caltech had a war arsenal that included rockets, proximity fuses, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and $80 million in federal funds for war-related research and development.”


Creation of the Atom Bomb in the mid-20th century followed a forecast made in 1875 when  the Englishman Samuel Tolver Preston, scientist and theologian, published the equation that later became the foundation of Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity (1905). Many researchers speculate that Einstein was a fraud for laying (or accepting) a personal claim on the hard work and genius of his predecessors and peers which included his first wife. His complicity in military research has been veiled to support his public stance as a pacifist. Einstein’s zionism is downplayed by his mainstream biographers but there is no evidence that he was not idealogically complete and commited to the World Zionist cause. In 1921, Einstein made his first trip to the United States with Chaim Weizmann, president of the WZO, to promote the Jewish interests in Palestine and the building of Hebrew University. A legacy of that visit was the formation of a zionist “Physicians Committee” in New York.

   Einstein established a special relationship with Caltech between 1931 and 1933, prior to his permanent U.S. residency in Princeton, New Jersey, at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS). The IAS was founded by Abraham Flexner and funded by the Bambergers in 1930. Co-incident with IAS’s founding was the construction of Rockefeller Center in NYC. The small town of Princeton was also home to Rockefeller’s Department of Animal Pathology (DAP). DAP infamously developed a human-swine bacterial mutant in 1937, intentionally infecting a herd at one of its experimental (open air) farms that may be the first genuine occurrance of “swine flu” involving human genes.

   Abraham Flexner was the younger brother of Simon Flexner, longtime director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research(RIMR) in Manhattan and also Bernard Flexner who was well known as a leading American Zionist. Abraham Flexner presided over Rockefeller’s General Education Board and helped to co-found premier American medical colleges, such as the University of Rochester (essential to the Manhattan Project) and Vanderbilt medical schools.  He is widely known as the creator of the “Flexner Report” in 1910,  a medical school survey that was used to establish accreditation requirements thereafter. Abraham Flexner counted RF trustees Julius Rosenwald and son Lessing J. Rosenwald among his few lifelong associates, as is commonly found between the “associates”  in the Rockefeller/Carnegie foundation network. Julius Rosenwald specifically reserved a grant-making endowment in 1933 for “cultural” Jewish refugee academics who relocated to the U.S. when the 1933 headlines read “Jews Declare War on Germany”. The Rosenwald Fund was disseminated by the “Emergency Committee In Aid of Displaced Jewish Scholars”. Bernard Flexner was a top officer in this prominent organization, however, it was only one among hundreds of “rescue” operations, notable for its selectivity. A larger relocation effort was launched by the British Academic Assistance Council which was sponsored by governors of the London School of Economics, aided by physicist Leo Szilard (Einstein’s friend) and Churchill’s war counselor, Lord Cherwell, the physicist Frederick Lindemann (founder of Clarendon Lab, Oxford). For new readers, this is a taste of Rockefeller’s web-like infrastructure. The cooperation, hegemony, and concensus platform of the RF was in itself a compartment of a larger global network.

Albert Einstein, incidentally, makes a first appearance in Seymour Hersh’s The Samson Option in a footnote on page 25: “According to Shimon Peres, Weizmann approached Albert Einstein, then teaching at Princeton, and asked him to recommend one of his students to run the [Daniel Sieff] institute. Einstein instead suggested [Ernst] Bergmann, who didn’t get the job [at that time] for reasons not known.” On the following page Hersh writes, from an interview with Herman Mark, “Without Bergmann..there would have been no Israeli bomb:…He was the man who completely understood it [nuclear fission]”. Hersh further adds, on page 44, “Herman Mark explained years later why Ben-Gurion had picked the right man: ‘Bergman was one of the few scientists who saw the lamp and knew how to make a light bulb’…in 1979, Shimon Peres eulogized one of the seven founders of the State of Israel.” It may have gone unnoticed by The Samson Option readers that Hersh introduced Bergmann’s connection to Einstein buried in a footnote. Einstein, who originally “picked the right man”, surely, knew well of Bergmann’s capacity to build a nuclear arsenal for Israel. Between 1934 and 1936, Einstein’s “patent” partner, Leo Szilard, submitted a nuclear reactor design to the British Admiralty, requiring controlled fission and an earlier-than-advertized apprehension of nuclear power. The significant hole in history that is being skirted by all sources cited here, is that “nuclear options” were secretly tabled many years before the public was allowed to know, obtaining the announcements in the heat of WWII and the “race for the bomb” in which Einstein played a tremendously influential role.

Warren Weaver, who is named above as an ‘architect’ of the RF molecular biology program, became the Chairman of the Salk Institute after his retirement from active service as an RF division president. Popular books that trace the history of Jonas Salk never fail to remark upon the “anti-Semitism” of the Rockefeller Institute (RIMR) where Salk aspired to work in research after his MD residency at Mount Sinai Hospital. Salk was rejected (we can say “distanced”) for better “grooming” but was nevertheless taken well in hand. Salk’s mentor, Thomas Francis Jr., was personally close to the Rockefeller family. Together, Francis and Salk developed flu vaccine for the military under the auspices of the Army Epidemiological Board (AEB or AFEB) during WWII. The war-time AEB was dominated by Rockefeller alumni.

 It was Rockefeller that came to Salk, by appearances, in the late 1950s, providing the bedrock of Salk Institute staff and oversight.   

Rockefeller Foundation officers and trustees, 1913-1930
Lily Kay’s first printed words, under Acknowledgements read, “My interest in molecular biology, the science and its history, go back a decade and a half, to my days at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California. This inspiring intellectual and physical space..initiated a search for answers beyond the scope of the laboratory. …A Smithsonian Fellowship contributed to this project… A grant from the National Science Foundation has aided the writing, and an Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fellowship provided an exposure to the wealth of manuscript the American Philosophical Society Library… I am indebted to the Rockefeller Archive Center for their research grants...”
From 1991 through 2001, much of what was learned about the use of anthrax as a bioweapon was investigated by Salk Institute fellows. 


One does not need to be a scientist to intuitively understand the potential of  “upward causation”; the molecular equivalent of the “butterfly effect” which posits that even the minutest ‘force’ of a change-agent can be magnified as it transmits a local effect “upward” into a greater sphere of complexity and force. Upward causation in biology is still not well understood according to Kay who wrote, “..the question of how much we can learn about life by examining its building blocks has not been resolved. Mechanisms of upward causation have been remarkably effective for a finite range of biological phenomena but have not effectively explained some of the primary characteristics of life.” [p17]. From the pen of a true-believer, Kay is telling us that Science must be allowed to progress. Kay’s patrons had narrowed their Vision in the past, choosing from the “multiplicity of biological realities..that could have been singled out and promoted by the Rockefeller Foundation during the 1930s.”  But this does not square with the multiplicity of Rockefeller realities. The primary characteristics of life were never to be found in petri dishes or between the sheets of one-inch-square glass. “Theoretical biology” was not to be indulged in on the Rockefeller dime.

On this, at least, the message is discernibly clear: “..a molecular vision of life…is embedded in the matrix that linked the particular forms of social control sought by that agenda with the specific kinds of control supplied by the new biology.”

For more on how the Rockefeller Foundation implemented its “fully articulated” program and staffed its institutions in 1933, and onward, read

July 10, 2010

Why Were Monkey Viruses in Polio Vaccines?

                                                  Why were monkey viruses in polio vaccines?
The answer to that question usually comes back: because monkey kidneys were used for growing the vaccine cultures. But we should consider that the monkey viruses were more “insult” than “injury”. By 1951, the military medical researchers had fast-acting, aggressive cancer cells from a cervical tumor produced by a tobacco worker, Henrietta Lacks. It’s not insignificant that Ms. Lacks handled tobacco –a known source of ‘added’ polonium, one of the first isolated ‘daughter’ isotopes of radium, and considered deadlier than plutonium. Her cells were named for her, “HeLa”, and disitributed to priority laboratories where cultivation techniques were rapidly undertaken. Leo Szilard, Einstein’s close associate and a “Father of the Bomb”, personally assisted in devising irradiation methods for growing HeLa cells on which to grow polioviruses!
 The polio vaccines were supposed by the US government to prevent neurological radiation illness. They would have needed to also prevent cancer. Was the polio vaccine secretly ‘double-billed’ as an anti-radiation drug to combat both polio and cancer? It was designed, however, to do neither. Vaccination for the purpose of provoking “active immunity” installs the disease it purports to prevent, bypassing and subverting the regulation of the brain. The monkey viruses are a devilish “tag”, allowing subsequent researchers to follow the course of cancer and disease initiated during the era of nuclear Fallout. A ‘new normal’ on the disease Front was taking place and a population tracking method in the form of identifiable DNA would help define a statistical baseline for the new era of chronic disease. To be certain, General Stanhope Bayne-Jones of the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board announced to the New York hospital association in 1949 that chronic disease was our future.
 Any foreign DNA incorporated into the human genome presents a risk for excess cancer, inducing a genetic destabilization, and radiation all by itself  “reassorts” genes and raises the risk. If we were truly healthy and not subjected to a century of disinformation about biology and nutrition, our bodies would be adapting and eliminating aberrant cells. But our poor exhausted immune systems face only the increasing onslaught of destabilizing chemicals and radiation. These are the real causes of modern diseases.
Injectible vaccines are going the way of the dinosaur. Public opinion has rallied against them. Fake pandemics are becoming exposed.
…and ‘they’ are ready for this shift. Biophysical engineering of food and commodities now deliver not only the vaccines of the future, but have us swallowing the ingredients of nano-microprocessors. The age of the soft machines is here.
“Immortal” HeLa cells
Growing HeLa at UMinnesota
…” If you could pile all HeLa cells ever grown onto a scale, they’d weigh more than 50 million metric tons—as much as a hundred Empire State Buildings. HeLa cells were vital for developing the polio vaccine; uncovered secrets of cancer, viruses, and the effects of the atom bomb; helped lead to important advances like in vitro fertilization, cloning, and gene mapping; and have been bought and sold by the billions.”
Disturbing statements made by Judyth Vary Baker, who worked on the secret ‘cancer-weapon’ under Alton Ochsner and Mary Sherman, suggests that SV40 was intentionally recombined with human (HeLa cell?) DNA to make it lethal. Was this “hybrid” SV40 in polio vaccines? In a reversal of the proposition put forward by Ed Haslam in “Dr. Mary’s Monkey”, was monkey tissue chosen initially because it was more compatible with humans and therefore deemed noncancerous to humans?
Stanhope Bayne-Jones was a New Orleans native who began his educational career path at Tulane.
Along with J. Steven Simmons and Francis Blake, Bayne-Jones hand selected the medical scientists who created the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board. Yale alum, Dr. Thomas Francis, mentor to Jonas Salk, was the committee’s first choice. Francis and Salk maintained a working partnership to produce influenza and polio vaccines, both ‘master’ diseases caused by radiation and chemicals.
   According to the biography snip in the link above, in 1964 Bayne-Jones “was chosen as one of the ten members of the U.S. Surgeon General’s Advisory Committee on Smoking and Health, which issued the famous Surgeon General’s Report in 1964 that linked smoking to cancer.”   Successful negative advertising has pushed the public away from inquiring about the manipulation of tobacco, however, the issue of polonium and the specific case of Henrietta Lacks points to earlier experimentation in the “health physics” model of creating a surreptitious sub-population of human guinea pigs.
…for now, that’s another story for another day.
Related: Stanhope Bayne-Jones, who became the Dean of Yale Medical School in 1935, virtually shut-out  ‘alternative’ anti-infective bacteriophage research in the United States, explaining why bacteriophage pioneer Felix d’Herelle took his final leave of the US from a position at Yale.

September 22, 2009

Vaccine Nation


Video documentary, Vaccine Nation ( 10 parts, complete)

The film opens with historical scenes of the Salk polio vaccine, declared the greatest victory of modern public health practice, only polio is not contagious. The cause is systemic poisoning by chemicals and radiation. It’s a type of ‘flu’ that can, if severe, result in paralysis and death. Early neurologists of the Victorian era understood polio/paralysis as a brain and central nervous -cns- “infection”. Yale researcher David Bodian (in the 1940s) flatly called it encephalitis “in every case”.

The nutshell on polio: In 1902, the medical data collected in Europe on the illness for over three decades was finally published in the United States, including the long-term degenerative ‘sequelae’ which is called post-polio syndrome today (PPS, weakness, brain ‘fog’, myalgia, “aging”, etc.). Before WWI, the Rothschild’s hospital in NYC became a center for polio research and treatment while this ‘phenomenon’ of paralysis was hardly known to the broader medical community. Results of thousands of case studies were published by the Hospital of Joint Diseases’ most prominent practitioner, founder and world polio expert, Dr. Henry Frauenthal, who plunged to his death in 1927 from the top of the 7-story hospital building. For many years of its expansion(1919 to 1925), the Hospital for Joint Diseases was guided by its young president, Lewis L. Strauss (Kuhn, Loeb & Co. partner) who later became the executive chair of the Atomic Energy Commission during the mid-1950s when the polio vaccine was given to the public.
Poliovirus discovery, credited to Karl Landsteiner in Vienna in 1908, was subsequently confirmed by Simon Flexner, director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York City,who went on to lead the nation’s research effort during the Spanish Flu pandemic of 1918. During the same time frame (earlier, autumn 1917), his younger brother Bernard, known as an “ardent Zionist”,  led a Red Cross mission to Romania which routed supply trains across Siberia to Russia’s capital, Petrograd, in the weeks before the Bolshevik revolution.  Bernard, founding member of the CFR, and signer of the Paris Peace accords for the Zionist Organization of America,  spearheaded Nation-building for the Zionists in Palestine during the 20s and selective relocation for displaced Jewish scholars making their exodus out of Germany in 1933. Their younger brother Abraham, who wrote the Flexner Report (1910) which completely ‘reformed’ medical education in the U.S., went on to serve as president of both Carnegie and Rockefeller Foundations’ General Education Board(s). In 1930, Abraham Flexner founded Princeton’s Institute of Advanced Study, where many displaced scholars found an institutional home, including Albert Einstein, John von Neumann and Eugene Wigner, 3 key persons in the making of the Atom Bomb. After WW2, J. Robert Oppenheimer became the director at Princeton IAS, and Lewis L. Strauss was its Board of Directors chairman.
The Rockefeller Institute also opened a Princeton, N.J. facility prior to U.S. involvement in WWI to specifically study animal diseases and perform field testing –cited in the blog (Pandemic Unfolding) as supervising the ‘swine flu’ experiments that inserted a human influenza virus into an infectious ‘swine’ flu bacterium in 1937. At the time of the Spanish Flu outbreak (Feb-Mar 1918), however, The Rockefeller Foundation’s administrator and chemobiologist, Frederick Gates, was in Fort Riley Kansas overseeing a meningitis vaccine program for the troops, perhaps a major contributor to the deaths on base. Influenza is caused by systemic poisoning, vaccine or not.  Any number of viruses may be involved, just as in polio, there as a crisis-response.  Adjuvants and additives were possibly much more deadly in earlier vaccines,  like “Freund’s Complete Adjuvant” which was quickly discontinued after mass inoculations, as was silicone. Today the adjuvant squalene is known as a trigger in multiple and horrific auto-immune reactions in the complex of Gulf War Syndrome illness. In the film linked above, producer and health practitioner Gary Null looks at the tragic consequences of Shaken Baby Syndrome as another result of vaccine-induced damage.
After the 1976 swine flu vaccine debacle, a number of public statements by physicians were published in reports by Eleanor McBean and Ida Honorof, including this, from Dr. Robert M. Simpson:
“Immunization programs against flu, measles, mumps and polio may actually be seeding humans with RNA to form proviruses which will then become latent cells throughout the body…some of these could be molecules in search of a disease, which under proper conditions become activated…”

…that is, if you survive the inoculations. Vaccines bypass not only the natural defenses of the immune system, but as the previous post would indicate, they bypass the natural regulation of the brain. In other words, vaccines are an attack upon the human brain. Flexner, Landsteiner, Salk, Sabin, George Merck, Maurice Hilleman, and all the creators of vaccines have been imposing the war strategy of Protocol No. 5 “to debilitate the public mind”.  Last century’s polio researchers may not have had an elegant biological explanation, but they did understand the nature of the damage.

August 10, 2009

The Shot Heard Round The World, an alternate history of polio

In 1988, the World Health Organization announced its intention to wipe the disease of polio off the face of the earth. This great ‘hidden’ scourge is as infectious as cholera, they claim, creating 199 ‘carriers’ for every unfortunate victim. Third World nations, poor and unsanitary, have no chance against The Crippler without the interventions of the West, for the West has conquered polio. If not for human ignorance, we would all be polio-free.
The dimensions of polio eradication ceased long ago to be a battle against disease. Yesterday and today, it is the ongoing crusade of the Light against the Darkness; Science against Superstition, Love against Fear. Our greatest modern-day philanthropists launch billions in private funding for polio’s final solution. For those of us unaware of the Epic struggle against poliomyelitis, the forces of Light take full credit: to the newest generations of North Americans, Europeans and Australians “polio” is simply the name of a vaccine.
Perhaps nothing in medical experience is more inside-out and upside-down than the story of polio. I’ve come to think of it as the greatest “dirty little secret” of all time. In the present decade, mothers in poor countries grab their children and flee from the vaccinators. The rest of us line up. One way or another, polio is a sure thing. Sure, you have polio. It ‘lives’ inside you, has a thousand names and faces, and someday you’ll see it reflected in your own face. It looks like ‘old age’ and it feels like hell. That’s if you’re lucky.
In the 1870s, pioneer neurologists learned that poliomyelitis infected the brain and dissolved the nervous system. No one had yet discovered it could be a virus. The famous case of the “French patient”, a young man with a withered arm, relapsed his way into medical history and left a legacy of physical damage that fascinated his observers. No accounting was made for his childhood bout with paralysis, but his laboring job in a tanning mill pulling heavy sodden hides from vats of acid left little doubt of his degeneration. He was 19 years old. Polio was a slow poisoner that robbed its victims senseless and by 1900, every informed international medical specialist knew it.
Early Victorian outbreaks of polio all occurred in areas of concentrated environmental pollution from farms or factories. As industrialism spread so did polio. Children were its most numerous victims, though they nearly always recovered after a running course of flu. Even when paralysis set in affecting the legs, most children recovered. However, the great polio epidemics before World War One saw a change in this strange and obscure affliction. Instead of a slow unraveling or a flu, polio turned into a thief in the night and thousands began to die unable to take a breath with unresponding lungs. Polio, infantile paralysis, was a killer of babies. The Rockefeller Institute declared it was caused by a virus, and one man, incredibly, had charge over the fate of polio research.
That man, Simon Flexner, became a high priest of chemobiology, modern medicine’s holy-of-holies. His brothers, Abraham and Bernard, took the cowl for education and law. Together, and with the help of like-minded ministers around the globe, a new paradigm of public health was forged and forced upon the unsuspecting. In secret, polio was born anew, offspring of the dual poisons of chemicals and radiation. In time, it was cultivated to infect any creature with a nervous system and no human tissue could resist colonization. When the world was at its most ready and vulnerable, blanketed in nuclear fallout and brazen with victory from the first great Moral War ever fought, the “canonized” Jonas Salk led the medical infantry to the new front lines.
Saint Salk and Saint Sabin, counselors to presidents and prime ministers, carried the new standard. Vaccines for everyone, needles and sugar. Children were chided to be brave and disregard their natural impulse to resist the syringes or, for once, they were encouraged to take candy from strangers. All part of being inside-out and upside-down. What became known in the press as “provocation polio”, induced by inoculation, was consigned to masterful PR which turned an unprecedented vaccination disaster into a triumph; scapegoats were found, guilt assigned, and faith restored. During the Cold War, it made anything seem possible, even to cause the most propagandized disease in history to disappear merely by changing its name.
In the 1950s, troubled nations were targeted for “field trials”; Northern Ireland, Siberia, Cuba, the Congo. Modern polio only exists in troubled nations, or rather, nations with whom there is trouble. In 2005, that proved to be Muslims anywhere, particularly in Africa, and the Amish in America. Cooperative nations, allowing millions upon millions of their children to receive polio vaccines, are also the beneficiaries of outsourced industry and international funding. Soon they’ll share in the many-faced diseases of polio and its treatment, not just the ‘wild-type’ Acute Flaccid Paralysis or the vaccine induced Guillain-Barre syndrome, but the gnawing decay of neuro-muscular degeneration and cancer.
Read this case of “imported” polio into Australia by a 22-yr old Pakistani man who had been vaccinated as a child with 3 doses of the Sabin OPV, diagnosed with MRI!
Polio is caused by radiation and chemicals. There are many viruses detected in the “disease”. Did you ever wonder why polio was a problem in the 1950s, or why the United States was so hard hit? Graphs and timelines, documents and testimonies at demonstrate the correspondence of polio with atomic weapons.

July 21, 2009

Was the Polio Vaccine a Radiation Experiment?

This subject is getting a full treatment at   

In January of 1947, a new “study” in medicine was organized called Health Physics which is defined as “a highly specialized branch of Radiology…to make a study of radiation problems and devise means of preventing radiation damage…” This link (if it works) refers to a document in the National Security Archives.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The military medical staff that had overseen the Manhattan Project reorganized in the era of Nuclear Testing and developed Health Physics to examine the effects of fallout and industrial use of radioactive materials. At that time in 1947, the document states, “many critical problems of far-reaching scope remain to be solved. Information concerning the method of production of these injurious effects in body tissues is almost completely lacking. No methods are available which might stop or delay the development of radiation injuries. No therapeutic measures are at hand….Such problems relate to the fundamental nature of living matter…”.

The team that devised this document recommends for a “safe atomic power program….the effects of acute and chronic exposure must be determined…actual dtermination of the toxicity of a substance must be made, measuring how poisonous it is, both in acute and chronic exposures. The amounts administered are decreased until asymptomatic levels are found…some pilot work in this direction has been completed for a few compounds of uranium, plutonium and certain special oils…..[but] No practical mask, military or otherwise, which will protect against some of the worst hazards has yet been found.” The document goes on with recommending “study of casualty effects. Field study of fission clouds, possible injury to water supply, soil, and the like, human damage by population surveys…”

 …and… “Feeding experiments using radioactive materials in the foods”… “…methods of determining the amount of plutonium, polonium, uranium, etc. that are fixed in the body” and to “bring to light entirely new problems with unknown hazards and unpredictable safeguards”… “Large scale biological work is mandatory“.

 In 1953, seven years after drafting the Health Physics document, the secret Wilson Memorandum shows the government finally giving itself permission to experiment on the population, despite the many decades of doing so less officially. The field testing of the Salk “IPV” vaccine began in 1953. This followed the “gamma globulin trials” of 1951 in Provo, Utah. In my article, “Polio, Then, Now and Forever”, I made a partial case for the precision of the down-wind gamma globulin trials coordinated with the Nevada Test Site series called “Buster-Jangle”. The continuum of ongoing research has shown me even more precise coordination with nuke tests that followed and the specific will of the experimenters to persist under the heading of Health Physics. Future articles will explain and illustrate this vital connection of  “Operation Polio”, as I call it, to the use of nuclear weapons and the elaborate activities of the military-medical complex to cover it up.

NSA can be accessed at, search for documents using quotes

July 11, 2009


The genetic future of the Earth and its inhabitants is being changed by avarice and design –a crisis of immediate and underappreciated proportions.
Over one hundred years of radioactive and chemical abuse has altered the sensitive biological relationships of interdependent species and set a course of sickness within complex lifeforms such as ourselves.
Articles, news, and commentary posted here seeks to address the background of this change and the real causes of human disease. Forewarned is forearmed. Please peruse the research on this site and consider it carefully. Our biological clock is ticking.
*Articles by Jennifer Lake
*Medical malfeasance
  Spanish Flu
  Fallout and Irradiation
  Military medical complex
  Ruination of Milk
  The Atomic Bomb
  Public Health
Zionist influence in world affairs
Modern history
Weapons technology
Medical research 

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